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Opera Limited announces first quarter 2019 financial results

  • Revenue grew 30% to $51.3 million year-over-year, above the top end of Opera’s guidance range, and representing the 8th consecutive quarter of sequential revenue growth
  • Strong user growth, with monthly active users averaging 222 million for smartphone (up 20% YoY and 7% QoQ) and 65 million for PC (up 14% YoY and 7% QoQ); and total monthly active users now at 350 million
  • Opera News surpassed 150 million monthly active users, with the dedicated Opera News app reaching 32 million monthly active users, up 62% versus last quarter
  • New fintech business, OKash, exceeded expectations, already at an annualized revenue run-rate of over $25 million
  • Adjusted EBITDA of $11.0 million, above the top-end of guidance and including significant investment in user growth
  • Strong focus on ad monetization with the recent launch of Opera Ads - a new platform to facilitate both traditional and programmatic access to Opera’s inventory
  • Raises 2019 revenue guidance range to $230 - $240 million, representing 36% growth at the midpoint versus 2018 (compared to prior guidance of 31%)

OSLO, Norway, May 22, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Opera Limited (OPRA) (“Opera”), one of the world’s leading browser providers and an influential player in the field of content platforms, today announced its unaudited consolidated financial results for the quarter ended March 31, 2019.

 
First quarter 2019 financial highlights
 
  First quarter   Year-over-  
[US$ thousands, except for margins and per ADS amounts] 2018   2019   year %
change
 
Revenue 39,446   51,275   30.0 %
             
Net income (loss) 6,619   5,384   -18.7 %
Margin 16.8 % 10.5 %    
             
Adjusted EBITDA (1) 15,613   11,038   -29.3 %
Margin 39.6 % 21.5 %    
             
Adjusted net income (1) 9,870   7,753   -21.5 %
Margin 25.0 % 15.1 %    
             
Diluted net income per ADS, US$ 0.068   0.048   -29.1 %
             
Diluted adjusted net income per ADS, US$ (1) 0.101   0.069   -31.7 %
             

Mr. Frode Jacobsen, Opera’s CFO, said, “We are very pleased with our strong first quarter results and our continued track record of consistent execution and growth. Revenue grew 30% year-over-year, exceeding the top-end of our guidance. MAUs grew both quarter-over-quarter and year-over-year with Opera products now surpassing 350 million monthly users. And finally, we exceeded the top-end of our adjusted EBITDA guidance range while investing significantly in future growth.

“Our efforts to build on our strong position in Africa and emerging Asian markets, to create leadership beyond browsers, is showing significant progress. Opera News has reached the 150 million monthly active user milestone, and our microlending fintech offering, including OKash and other apps, is already delivering over $25 million in annual run rate revenue. Further, we continue to grow our browser user base, with high overall growth in the first quarter and an expectation for the remainder of the year to focus on markets where we believe that a differentiated offering and high monetization will lead to financial upside.”

(1) Please see the separate section “About non-IFRS financial measures” for the definitions of adjusted EBITDA and adjusted net income.

First quarter 2019 user base and product highlights
(All comparisons are relative to the first quarter of 2018 unless otherwise stated)

  • Opera News average Monthly Active Users (“MAUs”) grew 66% to 149.9 million
  • The Opera News app, launched in January 2018, reached approximately 32 million average MAUs, up 62% from the prior quarter
  • Total smartphone average MAUs grew 20% to 221.6 million
  • PC average MAUs grew 13% to 65 million

Mr. Lin Song, Opera’s COO, said, “We are pleased with our strong user growth and continued product innovation this quarter. In particular, we delivered user growth in both our smartphone and PC browsers, and for Opera News, both on a quarter-over-quarter and year-over-year basis. We now have 222 million average active smartphone users and 65 million average PC users.

“We continue to prioritize growing our Opera News user base, both through our browser offerings and the dedicated Opera News app. This quarter, we reached 150 million monthly active users for Opera News and our dedicated app exceeded 30 million monthly active users, which represented 62% growth versus the prior quarter. These strong results were underpinned by product improvements and expanding local AI assisted editorial teams to new geographies, from an initial focus on Nigeria, Kenya and South Africa, to the Ivory Coast to better serve French speaking African countries, as well as Egypt for North Africa. We have also expanded our presence in India and Indonesia successfully following the same model. Moreover, we have initiated additional marketing efforts, including TV campaigns now running in Africa to bolster our strong momentum and help us build Opera News into a large contributor to both revenue and profit over the next several years, especially as monetization builds.

“When it comes to monetization, a top priority is to build our monetization capabilities in order to achieve stronger ARPUs in emerging markets. Just last week, we launched Opera Ads. Based on user intent and contextual relevance, Opera Ads offers an intelligent advertising solution to digital agencies, advertisers and brands to connect and engage directly with the Opera audiences. Opera Ads is available in both traditional and programmatic buying models, and would be a strong alternative to advertisers in key regions where we are big, e.g. sub-Saharan Africa. We have had early pilot programs on Opera Ads already with our key partners, where we are able to see significant growth potentials. While we still focus on product improvement and user growth, getting monetization right in our dedicated Opera News app is of high strategic importance to us. We are encouraged by early success, with per daily active user advertising revenue increasing by over 30% over the prior quarter. We expect the combination of Opera Ads, increased ad serving in Opera News and other initiatives to benefit monetization and lead to acceleration in our year-over-year advertising growth rates during the remainder of the year.

“We are also pleased with the strong results obtained within OKash, the fintech business that was acquired by Opera at the end of 2018. We have made tremendous progress scaling the business, taking it to nearly four times the size it was in the fourth quarter of 2018. As a result, we exceeded our expectations both in terms of revenue and profit contribution. We believe there is tremendous potential to scale the platform further and we are planning to expand our offering beyond Kenya in the second half of the year, again benefiting from our browser footprint and strong brand.

“On the browser side, we continue to focus on product differentiation, including privacy and security. Opera for Android, which is a high-end alternative to default browsers, is now launched with a free and easy to use VPN, seeing a year-to-year growth of 38% and quarter-to-quarter growth of 15%. We have also published a redesigned PC browser codenamed R3, becoming the first PC browser with Web 3 support, powering a year-to-year PC browser MAU growth of 14% in a mature market. Opera has always led the way with innovation - and we are always working on the next improvement we can bring to our current and new users.”

Business outlook

Mr. Frode Jacobsen, Opera’s CFO, said, “In light of the success we achieved during the first quarter and the large opportunities in front of us, we have quantified our investment expectations and believe it is prudent to focus on accelerating growth in the near-term. We expect this move will build scale faster, support a higher revenue base and lead to higher profit in future years than we would have otherwise achieved. As such, we expect to make additional investments of approximately $35 - $40 million in incremental marketing and distribution over the remainder of 2019. Much of this will focus on Opera News, where we believe strongly in the strategic benefit of accelerating user adoption in our priority markets. In parallel, we will be focused on monetization capabilities to maximize our long-term returns. Given our strong momentum and increased investment, we are increasing the midpoint of our 2019 revenue growth guidance by 500 basis points to 36% versus 2018 and expect second quarter revenue growth rates to accelerate to 33% to 43%, compared to 30% in the first quarter.”

As a result, Opera expects full year and second quarter 2019 revenue and adjusted EBITDA to be in the following ranges:

Full Year:

  • Revenue of $230 - $240 million, or 34% - 39% year-over-year, an increase from our previous guidance of $220 - $230 million.
  • Adjusted EBITDA of $30 - $45 million, which includes approximately $35 - $40 million of incremental marketing investments over the remainder of 2019.

Second Quarter:

  • Revenue of $53 - $57 million, or 33% - 43% growth versus the second quarter of 2018, representing an acceleration in revenue growth compared to the first quarter. Advertising and fintech revenues are expected to be the most important growth drivers.
  • Adjusted EBITDA of $2 - $5 million. This includes a further increase of marketing investments in Opera News and browsers compared to the recent quarter.

First quarter 2019 consolidated financial results

All comparisons in this section are relative to the first quarter of 2018 unless otherwise stated.

Revenue increased 30.0% to $51.3 million.

  • Search revenue increased 1.8% to $20.6 million, or increased by an estimated 5.3% on a constant currency basis. Growth was stronger on the PC platform, while we have focused on growing Opera News adoption on mobile.
  • Advertising revenue increased 9.5% to $14.1 million, or increased by an estimated 10.2% on a constant currency basis. Advertising revenue growth was driven by both smartphone and PC products, however, we expect an acceleration of this revenue stream through 2019 as our new product monetization efforts pick up scale.
  • Fintech revenue was $6.5 million. This business has performed ahead of our expectations as we were able to nearly quadruple its scale from the prior quarter when Opera acquired it.
  • Retail revenue was $6.8 million. We continue to expect retail revenue to stabilize around this level in the near-term prior to potentially exploring a wider retail opportunity.
  • Technology licensing and other revenue decreased 48% to $3.3 million, in line with expectations as we prioritized other scalable revenue types.

Operating expenses increased 54.4% to $45.8 million. Operating expenses represented 89.4% of operating revenue in first quarter of 2019, compared to 75.2% in the first quarter of 2018.

  • Cost of revenue was $7.8 million, compared to $0.7 million in the first quarter of 2018. Within the total, $6.8 million related to retail revenue, $0.5 million related to microlending and $0.6 million related to the browser and news business area.
  • Personnel expenses, including share-based remuneration, were $11.1 million, a 0.1% decline. This expense consists of cash-based compensation expense of $9.7 million, an 11.6% increase, largely explained by increased headcount, and share-based remuneration expense of $1.4 million, a 41.3% decrease from $2.4 million. The reduction in share-based remuneration was primarily related to a decrease in related social security costs.
  • Marketing and distribution expenses were $14.7 million, an increase of 100.1% following our decision to further invest in accelerating our growth in 2019.
  • Credit loss expense was $1.9 million, of which $1.7 million related to our fintech microlending business, compared to a gain of $0.2 million from accrual reversals in the first quarter of 2018.
  • Depreciation and amortization expenses were $4.1 million, a 22.3% increase. The increase is largely the result of the adoption of IFRS 16 Leases on January 1, 2019.
  • Other expenses were $6.2 million, a 15.5% decrease.

Operating profit was $5.5 million in the quarter, representing an operating margin of 10.6%, compared to $9.8 million and a 24.8% margin in the first quarter of 2018. The decline was largely due to the increased investment in marketing and distribution activities in the quarter.

Income tax expense was $0.7 million in the quarter, compared to $2.3 million in the first quarter of 2018. Our effective tax rate was 12.1% in the first quarter of 2019. The reduction in the Norwegian statutory tax rate from 23% in 2018 to 22% in 2019 as well as the effect of lower tax rates applied by subsidiaries in the group contributed to the reduced tax expense in the quarter.

Net income was $5.4 million in the quarter, compared to $6.6 million in first quarter of 2018.

Net income per ADS was $0.049 in the quarter, and $0.048 on a diluted basis. Adjusted net income per ADS was $0.071 in the quarter, and $0.069 on a diluted basis. Each ADS represents two shares in Opera Limited. In the quarter, the average number of shares outstanding was 218.78 million, corresponding to 109.39 million ADSs.

Adjusted EBITDA was $11.0 million, representing a 21.5% adjusted EBITDA margin compared to $15.6 million in first quarter of 2018, representing a 39.6% margin. Adjusted EBITDA excludes share-based remuneration.

Adjusted Net Income was $7.8 million in the quarter, representing a 15.1% adjusted net margin compared to $9.9 million in first quarter of 2018, representing a 25.0% margin. Adjusted net income excludes share-based remuneration and amortization of intangible assets related to acquisitions (all of which relates to the Opera privatization in 2016). Adjusted net income further includes partially offsetting reversals of the tax impacts of the foregoing adjustments.

Conference call

Opera’s management team will host a conference call at 8:00 AM U.S. Eastern Time (2:00 PM Central European Time, 9:00 PM Beijing/Hong Kong time) on Wednesday, May 22, 2019.

The dial-in details for the live conference call are:

United States: +1 (877) 506-7703
China: +86 400 682 8609
Hong Kong: +852 3011 4522
Norway: +47 2231 0524
United Kingdom: +44 (0)203 107 0289
International: +1 (786) 815-8450
Confirmation Code: 3690717

A live webcast of the conference call will be posted at https://investor.opera.com.

About non-IFRS financial measures

To supplement our consolidated financial statements, which are prepared and presented based on IFRS, we use adjusted EBITDA and adjusted net income, both non-IFRS financial measures, to understand and evaluate our core operating performance. These non-IFRS financial measures, which may differ from similarly titled measures used by other companies, are presented to enhance investors’ overall understanding of our financial performance and should not be considered a substitute for, or superior to, the financial information prepared and presented in accordance with IFRS.

We define adjusted EBITDA as net income (loss) excluding income tax expense (benefit), net finance expense (income), share of net loss (income) of associates and joint ventures, restructuring costs, depreciation and amortization, share-based remuneration and expensed costs related to our recent initial public offering, less other income.

We define adjusted net income as net income excluding share-based remuneration, amortization of acquired intangible assets, and expensed costs related to our recent initial public offering.

We believe that adjusted EBITDA and adjusted net income provide useful information to investors and others in understanding and evaluating our operating results. These non-IFRS financial measures adjust for the impact of items that we do not consider indicative of the operational performance of our business. While we believe that these non-IFRS financial measures are useful in evaluating our business, this information should be considered as supplemental in nature and is not meant as a substitute for the related financial information prepared and presented in accordance with IFRS. Please refer to our financial statements at the end of this announcement for a table reconciling our non-IFRS financial measures to net income (loss), the most directly comparable IFRS financial measure.

Safe harbor statement

This press release contains statements of a forward-looking nature. These statements, including statements relating to the Company’s future financial and operating results, are made under the “safe harbor” provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. You can identify these forward-looking statements by terminology such as “will,” “expects,” “believes,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “estimates” and similar statements. Among other things, management’s quotations and the Business outlook section contain forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties and are based on current expectations, assumptions, estimates and projections about Opera and the industry. Potential risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, those relating to its goals and strategies; its expected development and launch, and market acceptance, of its products and services; its expectations regarding demand for and market acceptance of our brand, platforms and services; our expectations regarding growth in our user base and level of engagement; its ability to attract, retain and monetize users; its ability to continue to develop new technologies and/or upgrade our existing technologies and quarterly variations in its operating results caused by factors beyond its control and global macroeconomic conditions and its potential impact in the markets it has businesses. All information provided in this press release is as of the date hereof, and Opera undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statements to reflect subsequent occurring events or circumstances, or changes in its expectations, except as may be required by law. Although Opera believes that the expectations expressed in these forward-looking statements are reasonable, it cannot assure you that its expectations will turn out to be correct, and investors are cautioned that actual results may differ materially from the anticipated results. Further information regarding risks and uncertainties faced by Opera is included in Opera’s filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, including its registration statement on Form F-1 filed in connection with its initial public offering.

About Opera

Founded in 1995 in Norway, Opera delivers browsers and AI-driven digital content platforms to more than 350 million people worldwide. The company remains one of the most innovative browser creators in the world. Opera is listed on Nasdaq under the OPRA ticker symbol.

Investor Relations Contact:

Derrick Nueman
investor-relations@opera.com or (408) 596-3055

For media enquiries, please contact: press-team@opera.com


 
OPERA LIMITED
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS
 
  Three Months Ended
March 31,
  Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
[US$ thousands, except per share and ADS amounts] 2018   2019  
Revenue 39,446   51,275  
         
Operating expenses        
Cost of revenue (678 ) (7,796 )
Personnel expenses including share-based remuneration (11,110 ) (11,104 )
Marketing and distribution expenses (7,338 ) (14,686 )
Credit loss expense 215   (1,856 )
Depreciation and amortization (3,388 ) (4,142 )
Other expenses (7,370 ) (6,232 )
Total operating expenses (29,669 ) (45,815 )
         
Operating profit (loss) 9,776   5,460  
         
Share of net income (loss) of associates and joint ventures (1,009 ) (1,024 )
         
Net finance income (expense)        
Finance income 95   1,692  
Finance expense (34 ) (154 )
Net foreign exchange gain (loss) 81   153  
Net finance income (expense) 142   1,691  
         
Net income (loss) before income taxes 8,909   6,126  
Income tax (expense) benefit (2,289 ) (742 )
Net income (loss) 6,619   5,384  
         
Net income (loss) attributable to:        
Equity holders of the parent 6,619   5,384  
Non-controlling interests -   -  
Total net income (loss) attributed 6,619   5,384  
         
Weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding        
Basic, millions(1) 190.25   218.78  
Diluted, millions(2) 195.33   223.96  
         
Net income (loss) per ordinary share        
Basic, US$ 0.035   0.025  
Diluted, US$ 0.034   0.024  
         
Net income (loss) per ADS        
Basic, US$ 0.070   0.049  
Diluted, US$ 0.068   0.048  
 
(1) Assuming 200 million shares in Opera Limited were outstanding for all periods presented prior to the Initial Public Offering (IPO), less 9.75 million shares that were surrendered by two shareholders upon completion of the IPO. As of March 31, 2019, the total number of shares outstanding for Opera Limited was 220,576,326, equivalent to 110,288,163 ADSs. 
 
(2) Includes the net dilutive impact of employee equity awards.
 


 
OPERA LIMITED
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
 
  Three Months Ended
March 31,
  Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
[US$ thousands] 2018   2019  
Net income (loss) 6,619   5,384  
         
Other comprehensive income (loss) that may be reclassified to the Statement of Operations in subsequent periods (net of tax)        
Exchange differences on translation of foreign operations 404   (345 )
Share of other comprehensive income (loss) of associates and joint ventures -   (34 )
Net other comprehensive income (loss) that may be reclassified to the Statement of Operations in subsequent periods 404   (379 )
Total comprehensive income (loss) 7,024   5,005  
         
Total comprehensive income (loss) attributable to:        
Equity holders of the parent 7,024   5,005  
Non-controlling interests -   -  
Total comprehensive income (loss) attributed 7,024   5,005  
 


 
OPERA LIMITED
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF FINANCIAL POSITION
 
  As of December 31,   As of March 31,  
[US$ thousands] 2018   2019  
ASSETS        
Non-current assets        
Furniture, fixtures and equipment 12,162   26,293  
Intangible assets 115,444   114,506  
Goodwill 421,578   421,578  
Investments in associates and joint ventures 35,060   36,402  
Other financial assets 2,025   2,531  
Deferred tax assets 944   585  
Total non-current assets 587,213   601,896  
         
Current assets        
Trade receivables 37,468   38,959  
Loans to customers 3,092   10,269  
Other receivables 4,031   3,146  
Prepayments 14,372   11,330  
Other financial assets 1,254   7,398  
Cash and cash equivalents 177,873   169,846  
Total current assets 238,090   240,946  
TOTAL ASSETS 825,303   842,842  
         
         
EQUITY AND LIABILITIES        
Equity        
Share capital 22   22  
Other paid in capital 738,690   732,910  
Retained earnings 36,432   43,014  
Foreign currency translation reserve 316   (63 )
Equity attributed to equity holders of the parent 775,460   775,884  
Non-controlling interests -   -  
Total equity 775,460   775,884  
         
Non-current liabilities        
Lease liabilities and other loans 2,271   11,981  
Deferred tax liabilities 13,358   14,088  
Other non-current liabilities 212   368  
Total non-current liabilities 15,841   26,437  
         
Current liabilities        
Trade and other payables 17,957   23,824  
Lease liabilities and other loans 2,490   6,356  
Income tax payable 1,920   1,904  
Deferred revenue 1,932   1,455  
Other current liabilities 9,701   6,983  
Total current liabilities 34,002   40,521  
         
Total liabilities 49,843   66,958  
TOTAL EQUITY AND LIABILITIES 825,303   842,842  
 


 
OPERA LIMITED
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY
 
[US$ thousands] Share capital (1)   Other paid in
capital (1)
  Retained
earnings
  Foreign
currency
translation
reserve
  Total equity  
As of December 31, 2017, as previously reported 19   576,512   5,366   1,605   583,503  
Impact of new accounting standards -   -   (629 ) -   (629 )
As of January 1, 2018, restated 19   576,512   4,737   1,605   582,874  
Net income (loss) -   -   6,619   -   6,619  
Other comprehensive income (loss) -   -   -   404   404  
Total comprehensive income (loss) -   -   6,619   404   7,023  
Share-based remuneration expense -   -   1,369   -   1,369  
As of March 31, 2018 19   576,512   12,726   2,009   591,266  


[US$ thousands] Share capital (1)   Other paid in
capital (1)
  Retained
earnings
  Foreign
currency
translation
reserve
  Total equity  
As of December 31, 2018 22   738,690   36,432   316   775,460  
Impact of implementing IFRS 16 Leases -   -   64   -   64  
As of January 1, 2019, restated 22   738,690   36,496   316   775,524  
Net income (loss) -   -   5,384   -   5,384  
Other comprehensive income (loss) -   -   -   (379 ) (379 )
Total comprehensive income (loss) -   -   5,384   (379 ) 5,005  
Acquisition of treasury shares -   (5,780 ) -   -   (5,780 )
Share-based remuneration expense -   -   1,134   -   1,134  
As of March 31, 2019 22   732,910   43,014   (63 ) 775,884  
 
(1) The amounts of share capital and other paid in capital have been amended by reclassifying amounts between the two equity components.
 


 
OPERA LIMITED
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS
 
  Three Months Ended
March 31,
  Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
[US$ thousands] 2018   2019  
Net cash flow from (used in) operating activities 4,137   9,106  
Net cash flow from (used in) investing activities 2,451   (9,694 )
Net cash flow from (used in) financing activities (1,050 ) (7,495 )
         
Net change in cash and cash equivalents 5,538   (8,083 )
         
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period 33,207   177,873  
Net foreign exchange difference 555   56  
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period 39,300   169,846  
 


Financial details by business area

The tables below specify the contribution by each business area:

 
[US$ thousands]   Three Months Ended March 31, 2018  
Business area   Browser and News   Fintech   Retail   Other   Total  
Revenue categories                      
Search   20,217   -   -   -   20,217  
Advertising   12,916   -   -   -   12,916  
Airtime and handsets   -   -   -   -   -  
Technology licensing and other revenue   -   -   -   6,313   6,313  
Origination fees and interest   -   -   -   -   -  
Total revenue   33,133   -   -   6,313   39,446  
                       
Cost of revenue   (678 ) -   -   -   (678 )
Marketing and distribution expenses   (7,338 ) -   -   -   (7,338 )
Credit loss expense   215   -   -   -   215  
Direct expenses   (7,801 ) -   -   -   (7,801 )
                       
Contribution by business area   25,332   -   -   6,313   31,645  


[US$ thousands]   Three Months Ended March 31, 2019  
Business area   Browser and News   Fintech   Retail   Other   Total  
Revenue categories                      
Search   20,584   -   -   -   20,584  
Advertising   14,142   -   -   -   14,142  
Airtime and handsets   -   -   6,819   -   6,819  
Technology licensing and other revenue   -   -   -   3,266   3,266  
Origination fees and interest   -   6,464   -   -   6,464  
Total revenue   34,726   6,464   6,819   3,266   51,275  
                       
Cost of revenue   (565 ) (478 ) (6,753 ) -   (7,796 )
Marketing and distribution expenses   (14,180 ) (506 ) -   -   (14,686 )
Credit loss expense   (132 ) (1,724 ) -   -   (1,856 )
Direct expenses   (14,876 ) (2,709 ) (6,753 ) -   (24,338 )
                       
Contribution by business area   19,850   3,755   66   3,266   26,937  
 


Personnel expenses including share-based remuneration
 

The table below specifies the amounts of personnel expenses including share-based remuneration:

           
[US$ thousands]   Three Months Ended
March 31,
  Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
Personnel expenses including share-based remuneration   2018   2019  
Personnel expenses excluding share-based remuneration   8,661   9,667  
Share-based remuneration, including related social security costs   2,449   1,437  
Total   11,110   11,104  
 

Other expenses

The table below specifies the nature of other expenses:

 
[US$ thousands]   Three Months Ended
March 31,
  Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
Other expenses   2018   2019  
Hosting   2,618   1,527  
Audit, legal and other advisory services   2,248   1,634  
Software license fees   380   552  
Rent and other office expenses   1,122   1,124  
Travel   520   579  
Other   483   817  
Total   7,370   6,232  
 

Non-IFRS financial measures 

The following table presents reconciliations of adjusted EBITDA and adjusted net income to net income (loss), the most directly comparable IFRS financial measure, for the periods indicated:

 
  Three Months Ended
March 31,
  Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
[US$ thousands, except per share and ADS amounts] 2018   2019  
Reconciliation of net income (loss) to adjusted EBITDA        
Net income (loss) 6,619   5,384  
Add: Income tax expense (benefit) 2,289   742  
Add: Net finance expense (income) (142 ) (1,691 )
Add: Share of net loss (income) of associates and joint ventures 1,009   1,024  
Add: Depreciation and amortization 3,388   4,142  
Add: Share-based remuneration 2,449   1,437  
Adjusted EBITDA 15,613   11,038  
         
Reconciliation of net income (loss) to adjusted net income        
Net Income (loss) 6,619   5,384  
Add: Share-based remuneration 2,449   1,437  
Add: Amortization of acquired intangible assets 1,280   1,280  
Income tax adjustment (1) (478 ) (348 )
Adjusted net income 9,870   7,753  
         
Weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding        
Basic, millions 190.25   218.78  
Diluted, millions 195.33   223.96  
         
Adjusted net income (loss) per ordinary share        
Basic, US$ 0.052   0.035  
Diluted, US$ 0.051   0.035  
         
Adjusted net income (loss) per ADS        
Basic, US$ 0.104   0.071  
Diluted, US$ 0.101   0.069  
 
(1) Reversal of tax benefit related to the social security cost component of share-based remuneration and deferred taxes on the amortization of acquired intangible assets.