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Outset Medical, Inc. (NASDAQ:OM) Q4 2023 Earnings Call Transcript

Outset Medical, Inc. (NASDAQ:OM) Q4 2023 Earnings Call Transcript February 21, 2024

Outset Medical, Inc. isn't one of the 30 most popular stocks among hedge funds at the end of the third quarter (see the details here).

Operator: Thank you for standing by, and welcome to the Outset Medical Fourth Quarter 2023 Earnings Conference Call. At this time, all participants are in a listen-only mode. After the speakers’ presentation, there will be a question-and-answer session. [Operator Instructions] As a reminder, today's program is being recorded. And now, I'd like to introduce your host for today's program, Jim Mazzola, Head of Investor Relations. Please go ahead, sir.

Jim Mazzola: Good afternoon, everyone, and welcome to our fourth quarter 2023 earnings call. Here with me today are Leslie Trigg, Chair and Chief Executive Officer; and Nabeel Ahmed, Chief Financial Officer. We issued a news release after the close of market today, which can be found on the Investor Relations pages of This call is being recorded and will be archived in the Investors section of our website. It is our intent that all forward-looking statements made during today's call will be protected under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements relate to expectations or predictions of future events and are based on our current estimates and various assumptions and involve material risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results or events to materially differ from those anticipated or implied.

Outset assumes no obligation to update these statements. For a list and description of the risks and uncertainties associated with our business, please refer to the Risk Factors section of Outset's public filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including our latest annual and quarterly reports. With that, I will now turn the call over to Leslie.

Leslie Trigg: Thanks, Jim. Good afternoon, everyone, and thank you for joining us. We exited 2023 having made progress in building a strong foundation from which to serve providers, patients and investors in 2024 and for the long term. We came away from the year with clarity on areas we need to continue to strengthen and scale, pride in the difference we are making for providers and patients, confidence in the lead we have with Tablo from years of innovation and our investments in service and support infrastructure and conviction around the opportunity based on the vast unmet need for better dialysis outcomes in both the acute and home settings. In the fourth quarter, we delivered revenue of $30.5 million, right in line with the revised expectation we set in November to close the year at $130 million, an increase of 13% over 2022.

As we have grown and built scale, particularly in the acute setting, our recurring revenue business model continues to distinguish itself, anchor our guidance for the future and support our drive to profitability. As we look at progress in our end markets, beginning in the acute setting, our focus on enterprise selling and dialysis insourcing has continued to elevate the financial benefits and strategic importance of Tablo to provider customers. During 2023, 25% of our provider customers were newly landed and 75% were existing customers who chose to expand their Tablo use within their network. This distribution highlights the progress we are making within this large market segment and the opportunity for continued long-term growth. The percent of new to Outset customers increased in 2022 and 2023, demonstrating the network effects we have previously discussed.

For example, as hospital administrators and clinicians move between facilities and health systems, they are ambassadors for Tablo and the benefits an insourcing program can provide. Additionally, we educated over 400 doctors last year alone, and we've amassed an extensive evidence base, demonstrating the power of Tablo clinically, operationally and economically. And on top of that, more than 10,000 nurses are now trained on Tablo. In terms of our footprint, we have shipped Tablo consoles to more than 700 sites in all 50 states, including to top national health systems, where we have about 20% console penetration and within the top 50 regional IDMs, where we are less than 10% penetrated today. We estimate the acute total addressable market is roughly 40,000 consoles.

And as we reported in January, we have an installed base of just over 4,000 acute and subacute consoles. So we still have a lot of runway ahead of us. As dialysis insourcing with Tablo has grown, it is no surprise to us that we saw in the fourth quarter, our Tablo PRO+ software purchased with more than 80% of the console shift in the acute setting, demonstrating its value in the ICU. The results Tablo can deliver in the ICU are clear when we look at customers like Covenant Health, a regional system with about 20 inpatient facilities. Prior to Tablo, Covenant patients on dialysis had an average length of stay in the ICU, the most expensive part of the hospital, of over 13 days. When Covenant measured the ICU length of stay of patients on Tablo, it was cut to eight days.

These results demonstrate what's possible when providers control their own destiny. In addition to the decrease in length of stay, Covenant also saw total ICU dialysis treatment costs decline substantially from $1.3 million to $240,000 and cost per treatment cut roughly in half. These results have become very reproducible because our team has developed over the years, proprietary expertise in guiding and supporting providers through the outsource to insource transition. With the essential investments behind us in creating a world-class field service, customer success and clinical support organization, we are well positioned to deliver not just an exceptional product but an exceptional, highly differentiated change management experience. It took us years to build this infrastructure and know-how.

We consider it one of the strongest competitive advantages we have as a company. The data back that up as well. For example, we continually track customer satisfaction metrics, and I am pleased but not surprised that in 2023, our customers reported a 95.4% satisfaction rate with the performance of our field service organization. This is pretty phenomenal when you consider how rapidly our installed base and treatment volume has grown, and we did it while maintaining a 97% uptime across the Tablo installed base and reducing our cost to serve by nearly 25%. Turning now to the home end market. We continue to make progress building the strong foundation we are establishing for long-term growth. In 2023, we deployed more than 500 Tablo consoles to home providers, growing our home base more than 60% to more than 1,300 consoles.

We've talked on previous calls about our two-tiered home penetration strategy, which entails partnering with progressive mid-sized dialysis organizations and working upstream to create greater channel access for patients by expanding the universe of health care providers offering home dialysis. We saw our strategies on both fronts payoff in 2023. With the MDOs, which manage dialysis care for about 180,000 patients, which translates to our roughly $9 billion addressable market, we continued to see nice growth in the number and depth of programs offering Tablo. Exiting 2023, our largest home program managed by an MDO averaged 25 patients at home on Tablo. Most home hemodialysis programs historically have had one to five patients home with the incumbent device.

Furthermore, we continue to see unparalleled retention rates. Our longest tenured patients had dialyzed at home now for 3.5 years, demonstrating Tablo's differentiated patient experience. High retention rates not only benefit patients but also help minimize expensive churn for providers. In terms of our efforts to increase channel access by expanding the provider universe with new entrants, we hit some new milestones in 2023. For the first time, two of our fastest-growing home dialysis providers were not previously in the home dialysis business. As we've talked about in the past, the majority of patients actually start their dialysis journey in the hospital. That means hospitals, subacute providers, others at the top of the funnel have an opportunity to direct patients home first.

And many of them are starting to adopt a home first mindset where the patient could exit the hospital, a long-term care facility or a skilled nursing facility and go directly home without ever entering a dialysis clinic. Like Outset, these new market entrants see the opportunity to disrupt and improve care delivery for dialysis patients. We are pleased to announce that during the fourth quarter, we successfully secured several new sales agreements with skilled nursing facilities, including with one of the nation's largest SNF providers. These partnerships underscore the growing recognition of Tablo's value proposition within the post-acute sector. Furthermore, our successes throughout the year continue to position us as a trusted partner in delivering dialysis services across the care continuum.

A patient at home using a compact console for on-demand dialysate production.
A patient at home using a compact console for on-demand dialysate production.

Importantly, these agreements reflect an industry trend of SNF providers seeking to enhance patient care by offering in-house and home dialysis services, which matches our commitment to innovation and meeting the evolving needs of the dialysis community. Operationally, we made progress during Q4 and 2023, strengthening our regulatory and quality organization, processes and best practices with lessons learned from our experiences and our ongoing focus on continuous improvement. This past quarter, we added our 8th 510(k) clearance to implement new PCB -free silicone tubing in Tablo. As we disclosed in our filings, the FDA initiated an industry-wide review of silicone tubing in 2022. With the 510(k) clearance in hand, we are proactively integrating the changes into our manufacturing process and in the coming weeks, intend to begin implementing the new PCB-free tubing in the field.

Additionally, on the regulatory submission front, we remain in interactive review with FDA on the TabloCart 510(k) submission and continue to forecast sales of TabloCart with prefiltration resuming during the second half of 2024. Our results continue to highlight the strength and potential of our recurring revenue model, which provides us with visibility into a large portion of our 2024 and longer-term financial guidance. Every Tablo in the home generates roughly $15,000 per year through its useful life. Every Tablo in the acute setting generates roughly $20,000 per year as there are more treatments performed on each device in the hospital than with a single patient at home. Recurring revenue is driven today by the sales of disposables for every treatment and our service contracts.

These components will continue to grow as we place new Tablo consoles. As we announced last month, we exited 2023 with over 50% of our total revenue coming from recurring revenue and see even greater potential over the longer term through our software pipeline. Finally, we congratulate our team member, Steve Williamson, on his appointment to lead another public medical device company. Steve joined us at a key time when we were building our national sales and service organization. Thanks to him building a team of incredibly capable and talented commercial leaders who run our sales, service and marketing organizations today, we do not currently intend to backfill his position. Before I turn the call over to Nabeel for more detail in the quarter, I want to reiterate what I believe are the most important advances we made during the year.

First, we achieved scale in the acute end market by demonstrating that Tablo and insourcing with Tablo are strategic implements to reducing costs and retaking control of care for some of the most compromised patients. Second, we expanded our home footprint via partnerships both with new market entrants and existing providers who share our vision for the better patient experience that Tablo can enable. It is early, but we are laying a strong foundation for growth in one of the largest and most unchanged corners of health care. Third, with recurring revenue exceeding 50% of total revenue in 2023, we have proven the strength of our business model and demonstrated how we can deliver value well into the future. Fourth, we continue to expand gross margin, exceeding our guidance and demonstrating that we remain on a clear trajectory to reach our 50% milestone.

At the same time, we demonstrated strong operating leverage that we expect will persist and expand in each year toward reaching our profitability goals. And finally, we widened Tablo's competitive moat across technology, regulatory and clinical evidence in ways that deepen connections with providers and patients. Standing by customers and helping them achieve their goals requires much more than a great product, which we certainly have with Tablo. But it also requires an experienced sales and clinical support team, backed by the strength of a mature service organization, which is underpinned by software, analytics, change management know-how and technical support. This is a very difficult to replicate ecosystem, and we enter 2024 in a strong competitive position from which to continue our growth.

With that, I'll turn it over to Nabeel.

Nabeel Ahmed: Thanks, Leslie. Hello, everyone. Revenue for the fourth quarter was $30.5 million, in line with our pre-announcement, slightly above the third quarter of 2023 and a decrease of 4.7% compared to $32 million in the fourth quarter of 2022. The change from last year was driven by a decrease in console revenue for the reasons we outlined in the third quarter and was partially offset by an increase in consumables revenue. Product revenue was $22.9 million and a decrease of 13% compared to the $26.4 million in the fourth quarter of 2022. Service and other revenue was $7.6 million, increasing 11% sequentially from the third quarter and 35% compared to $5.6 million in the fourth quarter of 2022. Consumable revenue was $12.6 million, up 15% from the prior quarter and 58% versus the prior year.

Cartridge utilization continued to perform well, highlighting the strength of our recurring revenue model. Based on our cloud data, we see console utilization in the hospital setting of around five treatments per week and home consoles at just above three per week. Moving to gross margin and operating expenses, I will highlight our non-GAAP results. I encourage you to review the reconciliation of GAAP to non-GAAP measures, which can be found in today's earnings release. Our fourth quarter gross margin was 26.7%, a more than 100 basis point sequential improvement from the third quarter and a 9.6 percentage point increase from 17.1% in the fourth quarter of 2022. Gross margin expanded for the 11th consecutive quarter with our mix of higher-margin recurring consumable revenue and service and other revenue, representing 66% of total revenue as compared to roughly 59% in Q3 of this year.

The year-over-year increase was driven by a nearly 20 percentage point expansion in product margin that was partially offset by a decline in service and other gross margin as a result of planned investments we made during the fourth quarter that we do not expect to repeat in the first quarter of 2024, including roughly $0.5 million to implement the silicon tubing updates that Leslie mentioned. Operating expenses of $36.4 million declined 14% sequentially from the third quarter and 4% from the prior year period, driven in part by the expense reductions we outlined last quarter. From Q4 of last year, the largest decrease in spending came from G&A, which declined 15%. We reported a fourth quarter non-GAAP net loss of $29.5 million or $0.59 per share compared to a non-GAAP net loss of $34.1 million or $0.71 per share for the same period in 2022.

We ended the quarter with approximately $207 million in cash, cash equivalents, short-term investments and restricted cash. In January, we added $66.5 million drawn from our term loan agreements, bringing our cash balance early in 2024 to roughly $270 million. As previously reported, revenue for the full year 2023 increased 13% to $130.4 million from $115.4 million in 2022. As a reminder, we lapped the expiry of our pandemic-related contract with HHS this year. Excluding the impact of the HHS contract in the prior period, revenue grew close to 20%. Product revenue was $103.5 million, an increase of 11% from 2022 and service and other revenue was $26.8 million, an increase of 22% from 2022. Recurring revenue for the full year was 53%, up from 44% in 2022.

Gross margin for the year reached 23.6% from 16.1% in 2022. This 750 basis point increase was ahead of our initial expectations and driven by the same factors that we believe will continue to expand gross margin to 50% and beyond. These factors are: number one, console cost-down programs; two, the pull-through of higher margin products and consumables as consoles are placed; and three, service leverage. Operating expenses were $161.9 million, including R&D expenses of $46.8 million, sales and marketing expenses of $83.8 million and G&A expenses of $31.4 million. Net loss was $134.2 million or $2.70 per share compared to a non-GAAP net loss of $135.8 million or $2.82 per share for 2022. Turning to our guidance for 2024. We continue to expect revenue of $145 million to $153 million, growing 12% to 18% over 2023.

As we have previously mentioned, we anticipate the first quarter to be roughly even with the fourth quarter revenue and then building through the year, particularly in the second half as we lap the elongation of our selling cycle and as Leslie mentioned, we plan for TabloCart with prefiltration to return to the market. Our guidance for non-GAAP gross margin continues to be in the low-30% range for the full year, exiting the year in the mid-30% range for the fourth quarter. Again, gross margin expansion is driven by console cost-down programs, recurring revenue from our larger installed base and service leverage. With the cost reductions we undertook in 2023, we continue to anticipate OpEx in 2024 of $140 million to $145 million. As a reminder, we recorded a charge in the fourth quarter of $2.5 million associated with the cost reductions we discussed on the November call.

Finally, we expect to deliver operating leverage and to consume substantially less cash in 2024 than we did in 2023 as a result of revenue growth, gross margin expansion and reduced OpEx. With the guidance we provided, cash use is expected to move lower each year through our expected breakeven in 2027, giving us a long cash runway. We remain bullish on the tailwinds in our business and affirm the longer-term guidance we provided in November. We continue to expect revenue growth in the high-teens annually beginning in 2025 and gross margin continuing to expand, reaching our 50% milestone exiting 2027. With that, I think we're ready for Q&A. Operator, please open the lines.

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