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PAE Reports Second-Quarter 2021 Financial Results

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·27 min read
In this article:
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Highlights

  • Second-quarter revenue of $747.2 million

  • Second-quarter operating income of $30.8 million

  • Second-quarter net income of $14.4 million

  • Second-quarter adjusted EBITDA1 of $53.3 million (margin of 7.1%1 of revenue)

  • Second-quarter cash flow used in operations of $11.9 million

  • Second-quarter net bookings of $731 million (1.0x book-to-bill); $2.9 billion for the trailing 12 months (1.0x book-to-bill)

  • Company reiterates fiscal 2021 financial guidance

FALLS CHURCH, Va., Aug. 05, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- PAE Incorporated (“PAE” or the “Company”) (NASDAQ: PAE, PAEWW) today announced second-quarter 2021 financial and operating results.

CEO Commentary

PAE Interim President and CEO Charlie Peiffer said, “We delivered strong adjusted EBITDA and margins with solid revenue performance in the quarter. We started to see a pickup in contract awards activity, which provides the foundation for revenue growth heading into the second half of the year.”

Second-Quarter 2021 Results

Revenues for the quarter of $747.2 million increased $103.9 million, or 16.2%, compared to the prior year period. The increase was attributable to $93.1 million of revenue from recent acquisitions and by a $10.8 million net increase from new business awards and other changes in contract volume. The Global Mission Services and National Security Solutions segments’ revenues increased by approximately $3.5 million and $100.4 million, respectively.

Operating income for the quarter was $30.8 million, compared with operating income of $34.3 million in the prior year period. The decrease resulted from higher selling, general and administrative expenses and increased amortization of intangible assets, which decrease was partially offset by higher revenue volume.

The net income attributed to PAE for the quarter was $14.4 million, or $0.15 per diluted share, compared with a net loss of approximately $3.4 million, or $(0.04) per diluted share in the prior year period. The improvement in net income for the second quarter of 2021 was primarily driven by changes in fair value of the warrants, which increase was partially offset by the factors impacting operating income.

Adjusted EBITDA for the quarter was $53.3 million, or 7.1% of revenue, compared to $48.4 million, or 7.5% of revenue, in the prior year period. Adjusted EBITDA increased due to higher revenue volume while margins declined due primarily to higher selling, general and administrative expenses in the current period.

Global Mission Services
GMS revenues for the quarter of $511.3 million increased $3.5 million, or about 1.0%, compared to the prior year period. The increase was attributable to new business awards, which increase was partially offset by reductions in contract volume on certain programs.

GMS operating income for the quarter was $28.7 million, compared to $31.5 million in the prior-year period. The decrease was driven by higher selling, general and administrative expenses which was partially offset by higher revenue volume.

GMS adjusted operating income2 for the quarter was $34.6 million, or 6.8% of revenue, compared to $37.4 million, or an operating margin of 7.4% of revenue, in the prior year period. The reduction in GMS adjusted operating income and margins2 was driven by higher selling, general and administrative expenses, which decrease was partially offset by higher revenue volume.

National Security Solutions
NSS revenues for the quarter of $235.9 million increased $100.4 million, or 74.1%, compared to the prior year period. The increase was attributable to $93.1 million of revenue from recent acquisitions and a $7.4 million increase from in contract volume.

NSS operating income for the quarter was $9.2 million, compared to $7.7 million in the prior year period. The increase resulted from higher revenue volume and improved program performance, which increase was partially offset by higher selling, general and administrative expenses.

NSS adjusted operating income3 for the quarter was $18.7 million, or 7.9% of revenue, compared to $11.0 million, or 8.1% of revenue, in the prior year period. The variances in NSS adjusted operating income and margins3 were driven by the increase in revenue volume and program performance, which increases were partially offset by higher selling, general and administrative expenses.

Cash Flow Summary

Net cash used in operating activities for the quarter of $11.9 million decreased $56.5 million over the prior year period, primarily as a result of lower comparable cash collections due to timing of customer payments, partially offset by customer advances and billings in excess of costs and net income growth.

As of June 27, 2021, PAE had cash and cash equivalents totaling $94.7 million and had no outstanding borrowings on its senior secured revolving credit facility.

Business Development Highlights and Contract Awards

Net bookings totaled $731 million in the second quarter and $2.9 billion over the trailing 12 months, representing a book to bill ratio of 1.0x for both the second quarter and trailing 12 months.

Notable second quarter awards received include:

Notable New Business Awards:

  • DIA SIA 3 task order: Edge Analytic Solutions, LLC, a joint venture between NSS and Prescient Edge Corporation, was awarded a task order, of which, approximately $65 million is attributable to NSS, to provide counter and human intelligence support services to a national security customer.

  • Contract Field Teams’ Maintenance Service Contract: GMS was awarded an approximate $30 million task order on the Contract Field Teams’ Maintenance Services Contract for aviation maintenance and logistics, which supports the U.S. Army’s 1106th Theater Aviation Sustainment Maintenance Group in Fresno, California.

Notable Recompete Awards:

  • Naval Expeditionary Forensics and Biometrics: NSS was awarded a contract, valued at approximately $95 million, to provide support to U.S. Navy efforts related to forensics and biometrics requirements.

Notable IDIQ Awards:

  • Naval Facilities Engineering Systems Command Far East: GMS was awarded a single award, indefinite delivery, indefinite quantity contract valued at approximately $74 million by Naval Facilities Engineering Systems Command Far East for base operating support services at Marine Corps Air Station Iwakuni, Japan.

  • U.S. Air Force Engineering Assessment, Procurement, Integration and Contractor Logistics Support: GMS won a seat on the 10-year, $950 million Engineering Assessment, Procurement, Integration and Contractor Logistics Support contract to support foreign military sales transactions focused on engineering, sustainment and integration-based solutions for intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance platforms.

The Company’s backlog at the end of the quarter was $7.4 billion, of which approximately $1.2 billion was funded.

Following the end of the second quarter, GMS was awarded an approximately $402 million contract by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration to provide a wide range of facility support services at Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas. This award was subsequently protested by a competitor, and the protest is currently pending at the Government Accountability Office.

2021 Financial Outlook

PAE is reiterating the fiscal 2021 guidance it issued on March 11, 2021, based on the Company's financial results for the first six months of 2021 and its current outlook for the remainder of the year. The table below summarizes the Company's 2021 financial guidance:

Revenue:

$3,050 million - $3,150 million

Adjusted EBITDA:

$205 million - $215 million

Cash flow provided by operations:

At least $120 million

Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure. The Company is not providing a quantitative reconciliation of adjusted EBITDA in its 2021 financial guidance in reliance on the “unreasonable efforts” exception for forward-looking non-GAAP measures set forth in Securities and Exchange Commission rules because certain financial information, the probable significance of which cannot be determined, is not available and cannot be reasonably estimated without unreasonable effort and expense. In this regard, the Company does not provide a reconciliation of forward-looking adjusted EBITDA (non-GAAP) to GAAP net income, due to the inherent difficulty in forecasting and quantifying certain amounts that are necessary for such reconciliation. Because certain deductions for non-GAAP exclusions used to calculate projected net income may vary significantly based on actual events, the Company is not able to forecast on a GAAP basis with reasonable certainty all deductions needed to provide a GAAP calculation of projected net income at this time. The amounts of these deductions may be material and, therefore, could result in actual GAAP net income being materially less than is indicated by estimated adjusted EBITDA (non-GAAP). Due to the uncertainty of estimates and assumptions used in preparing forward-looking non-GAAP measures, actual results could differ materially from these non-GAAP financial projections.

Conference Call Information

As previously announced, PAE will host a conference call and webcast today, August 5, 2021, at 8 a.m. ET. Management will review the Company's second-quarter 2021 financial results, followed by a question-and-answer session. Listeners will be able to access a presentation summarizing the second-quarter 2021 results on the PAE Investor Relations website.

Interested parties are invited to join the webcast from the PAE Investor Relations website and may register for an email reminder using the “Events and Presentations” link. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, teleconference providers globally are experiencing significant increases in conference call volume. As such, the Company recommends that parties participate by joining the webcast. Alternatively, if the webcast is not practical, attendees may listen to the conference call by dialing (855) 982-6676 and entering conference ID 2767504. The international dial-in access number is (614) 999-9188.

The Company will post an archive of the webcast following the call on the PAE Investor Relations website.

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release may contain a number of “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”) as defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements relate to management’s assumptions, expectations, projections, intentions and/or beliefs about future events or occurrences, and include, but are not limited to, statements about PAE’s possible or assumed future results of operations and cash flows, financial results, business strategies, debt levels, competitive position, industry environment, potential growth opportunities, potential impact of COVID-19, effects of regulation, backlog, estimation of resources for contracts, risks related to IDIQ contracts, risks related to integration of acquisitions, strategy for and management of growth, needs for additional capital, risks related to U.S. government contracting generally, including congressional approval of appropriations, and bid protests. These forward-looking statements are based on PAE’s management’s current expectations, estimates, projections and beliefs, as well as a number of assumptions concerning future events. When used in this press release, the words “estimates,” “projected,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “forecasts,” “plans,” “intends,” “believes,” “seeks,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “future,” “propose” and variations of these words or similar expressions (or the negative versions of such words or expressions) are intended to identify forward-looking statements.

These forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance, conditions or results, and involve a number of known and unknown risks, uncertainties, assumptions and other important factors, many of which are outside PAE’s management’s control, that could cause actual results to differ materially from the results discussed in the forward-looking statements. Some factors that could cause actual results to differ include a loss of contracts with the U.S. federal government or its agencies or other state, local or foreign governments or agencies, including as a result of a reduction in government spending; service failures or failures to properly manage projects; issues that damage our professional reputation; disruptions in or changes to prices relating to our supply chain, including as a result of difficulties in the supplier qualification process; failures on the part of our subcontractors or joint venture partners to perform their contractual obligations; failures to maintain strong relationships with other contractors; the impact of a negative audit or other investigation; failure to comply with numerous laws and regulations regarding procurement, anti-bribery and organizational conflicts of interest; inability to comply with the laws and other security requirements governing access to classified information; inability to share information from classified contracts with investors; impact of implementing various data privacy and cybersecurity laws; costs and liabilities arising under various environmental laws and regulations; various claims, litigation and other disputes that could be resolved against PAE; delays, contract terminations or cancellations caused by competitors’ protests of major contract awards received by us; risks related to mergers and acquisitions, including our ability to realize the benefits of any such transactions in a manner consistent with our expectations and integration risks; risks from operating internationally; the effects of COVID-19 and other pandemics or health epidemics, including disruptions to our workforce and the impact on government spending; disruptions caused by natural or environmental disasters, terrorist activities or other events outside our control; issues arising from cybersecurity threats or intellectual property infringement claims; the loss of members of senior management; the inability to attract, train or retain employees with the requisite skills, experience and security clearances; the impact of the expiration of our collective bargaining agreements; and other risks and uncertainties described under the heading “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in our reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”).

Forward-looking statements included in this release speak only as of the date of this release. PAE does not undertake any obligation to update its forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this release except as may be required by the federal securities laws.

About PAE

For more than 65 years, PAE has tackled the world’s toughest challenges to deliver agile and steadfast solutions to the U.S. government and its allies. With a global workforce of approximately 20,000 on all seven continents and in approximately 60 countries, PAE delivers a broad range of operational support services to meet the critical needs of our clients. Our headquarters is in Falls Church, Virginia. Find us online at pae.com, on Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn.

For investor inquiries regarding PAE:

Mark Zindler
Vice President Investor Relations
PAE
703-717-6017
mark.zindler@pae.com

For media inquiries regarding PAE:

Terrence Nowlin
Senior Communications Manager
PAE
703-656-7423
terrence.nowlin@pae.com


PAE Incorporated
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations (Unaudited)
(In thousands, except share and per share data)

Three Months Ended

Six Months Ended

June 27,

June 28,

June 27,

June 28,

2021

2020

2021

2020

Revenues

$

747,198

$

643,303

$

1,495,765

$

1,260,556

Cost of revenues

564,952

496,678

1,131,618

961,886

Selling, general and administrative expenses

142,776

105,451

288,067

242,777

Amortization of intangible assets

12,631

8,047

24,846

16,094

Total operating expenses

720,359

610,176

1,444,531

1,220,757

Program profit

26,839

33,127

51,234

39,799

Other operating income net

3,922

1,168

5,723

1,954

Operating income

30,761

34,295

56,957

41,753

Interest expense, net

(13,160

)

(13,757

)

(25,674

)

(34,705

)

Other income, net

(66

)

(19,467

)

1,134

10,645

Income before income taxes

17,535

1,071

32,417

17,693

Expense (benefit) from income taxes

2,626

3,752

5,235

(5,776

)

Net income (loss)

14,909

(2,681

)

27,182

23,469

Noncontrolling interest in earnings of ventures

559

765

(552

)

931

Net income (loss) attributed to PAE Incorporated

$

14,350

$

(3,446

)

$

27,734

$

22,538

Net income (loss) per share attributed to PAE Incorporated:

Basic

$

0.15

$

(0.04

)

$

0.30

$

0.30

Diluted

$

0.15

$

(0.04

)

$

0.29

$

0.30

Weighted average shares outstanding

Basic

93,097,652

92,044,098

92,860,800

75,890,028

Diluted

95,511,269

92,787,379

95,193,549

76,273,931


PAE Incorporated
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited)
(In thousands, except share and par value amounts)

June 27,

December 31,

2021

2020

Assets

Current assets:

Cash and cash equivalents

$

94,710

$

85,908

Accounts receivable, net

605,060

585,511

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

63,367

61,607

Total current assets

763,137

733,026

Property and equipment, net

38,229

27,615

Investments

20,361

18,272

Goodwill

593,171

590,668

Intangible assets, net

233,364

258,210

Operating lease right-of-use assets, net

195,245

191,370

Other noncurrent assets

12,938

10,209

Total assets

$

1,856,445

$

1,829,370

Liabilities and stockholders' equity

Current liabilities:

Accounts payable

$

174,651

$

152,962

Accrued expenses

118,918

114,222

Customer advances and billings in excess of costs

88,903

106,475

Salaries, benefits and payroll taxes

145,905

145,186

Accrued taxes

11,689

15,582

Current portion of long-term debt, net

6,611

5,961

Operating lease liabilities, current portion

47,257

46,756

Other current liabilities

39,615

45,037

Total current liabilities

633,549

632,181

Deferred income taxes, net

10,324

4,389

Long-term debt, net

863,893

860,306

Long-term operating lease liabilities

150,824

145,569

Warrant liability

49,333

50,467

Other long-term liabilities

31,932

30,273

Total liabilities

1,739,855

1,723,185

Stockholders' equity:

Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value per share, 1,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding

Common stock, $0.0001 par value per share: 210,000,000 shares authorized; 93,069,815 and 92,040,654 shares issued and outstanding as of June 27, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively

9

9

Additional paid-in capital

170,245

188,685

Accumulated deficit

(88,887

)

(116,621

)

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

1,510

1,876

Total PAE Incorporated stockholders' equity

82,877

73,949

Noncontrolling interests

33,713

32,236

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

$

1,856,445

$

1,829,370


PAE Incorporated
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)
(In thousands)

Three Months Ended

June 27,

June 28,

2021

2020

Operating activities

Net income (loss)

$

14,909

$

(2,681

)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:

Depreciation of property and equipment

2,479

2,489

Amortization of intangible assets

12,631

8,047

Amortization of debt issuance cost

795

1,758

Stock-based compensation

2,355

3,700

Net undistributed income from unconsolidated ventures

(4,157

)

(1,076

)

Deferred income taxes, net

3,739

(4,214

)

Change in fair value of warranty liability

67

19,467

Other non-cash activities, net

(670

)

134

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net:

Accounts receivable, net

(42,685

)

(11,262

)

Accounts payable

(3,199

)

(15,130

)

Accrued expenses

(2,333

)

10,137

Customer advances and billings in excess of costs

14,705

1,059

Salaries, benefits and payroll taxes

(12,951

)

25,617

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

5,645

738

Other current and noncurrent liabilities

11,160

(556

)

Investments

3,384

951

Other noncurrent assets

(14,236

)

6,871

Accrued taxes

(3,497

)

(1,374

)

Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities

(11,859

)

44,675

Investing activities

Expenditures for property and equipment

(11,966

)

(1,193

)

Proceeds from sales of property

9

Acquisition of Metis Solutions Corporation, net of acquired cash

(521

)

Acquisition of CENTRA Technology Inc, net of acquired cash

(1,441

)

Acquisition of noncontrolling interest

(8

)

Other investing activities, net

(1

)

37

Net cash used in investing activities

(13,928

)

(1,156

)

Financing activities

Net contributions from noncontrolling interests

1,800

Borrowings on long-term debt

105,383

468

Repayments on long-term debt

(102,584

)

(7,920

)

Recapitalization from merger with Gores Holdings III, Inc.

5

Payment of underwriting and transaction costs

1

Other financing activities, net

(825

)

(292

)

Net cash used in financing activities

1,974

(5,938

)

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

373

1,098

Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

(23,440

)

38,679

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

118,150

99,790

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

$

94,710

$

138,469

Supplemental cash flow information

Cash paid for interest

$

15,869

$

12,378

Cash paid for taxes

$

6,802

$

1,273


PAE Incorporated
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)
(In thousands)

Six Months Ended

June 27,

June 28,

2021

2020

Operating activities

Net income

$

27,182

$

23,469

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

Depreciation of property and equipment

4,747

5,072

Amortization of intangible assets

24,846

16,094

Amortization of debt issuance cost

1,572

7,821

Stock-based compensation

4,625

3,700

Net undistributed income from unconsolidated ventures

(6,568

)

(1,739

)

Deferred income taxes, net

6,557

(14,110

)

Change in fair value of Warrant liability

(1,133

)

(14,132

)

Other non-cash activities, net

(810

)

404

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions:

Accounts receivable, net

(20,000

)

9,607

Accounts payable

21,838

(17,547

)

Accrued expenses

5,002

9,845

Customer advances and billings in excess of costs

(17,571

)

19,282

Salaries, benefits and payroll taxes

1,000

4,310

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

(2,910

)

(841

)

Other current and noncurrent liabilities

528

(5,101

)

Investments

4,758

1,701

Other noncurrent assets

(6,237

)

11,600

Accrued taxes

(3,889

)

(3,847

)

Net cash provided by operating activities

43,537

55,588

Investing activities

Expenditures for property and equipment

(14,400

)

(1,597

)

Proceeds from sales of property

231

Acquisition of Metis Solutions Corporation, net of acquired cash

(521

)

Acquisition of CENTRA Technology Inc, net of acquired cash

(1,441

)

Acquisition of noncontrolling interest

(14,308

)

Other investing activities, net

(373

)

37

Net cash used in investing activities

(30,812

)

(1,560

)

Financing activities

Net contributions from noncontrolling interests

490

1,950

Borrowings on long-term debt

125,383

60,468

Repayments on long-term debt

(122,584

)

(204,464

)

Payment of debt issuance costs

(964

)

Recapitalization from merger with Gores Holdings III, Inc.

605,713

Payment of underwriting and transaction costs

(27,267

)

Distribution to selling stockholders

(419,548

)

Stock-based compensation tax withholding obligation

(5,659

)

(825

)

(292

)

Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities

(3,195

)

15,596

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

(728

)

810

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

8,802

70,434

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

85,908

68,035

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

$

94,710

$

138,469

Supplemental cash flow information

Cash paid for interest

$

27,846

$

23,278

Cash paid for taxes

$

7,273

$

2,796


PAE INCORPORATED
SEGMENT DATA
(in thousands)

Three Months Ended

Six Months Ended

June 27,

June 28,

June 27,

June 28,

2021

2020

2021

2020

Revenues

GMS

$

511,343

$

507,854

$

1,032,904

$

965,298

NSS

235,855

135,449

462,861

295,258

Consolidated revenues

$

747,198

$

643,303

$

1,495,765

$

1,260,556

Operating income

GMS

$

28,700

$

31,537

$

53,214

$

44,140

NSS

9,248

7,725

20,638

12,092

Corporate

(7,187

)

(4,967

)

(16,895

)

(14,479

)

Consolidated operating income

$

30,761

$

34,295

$

56,957

$

41,753

Amortization of intangible assets

GMS

$

4,161

$

4,115

$

8,322

$

8,231

NSS

8,470

3,932

16,524

7,863

Consolidated amortization of intangible assets

$

12,631

$

8,047

$

24,846

$

16,094


PAE INCORPORATED
BACKLOG
(in thousands)

As of

As of

June 27,

December 31,

2021

2020

Global Mission Services:

Funded backlog

$

498,080

$

946,711

Unfunded backlog

4,215,995

4,445,442

Total GMS backlog

$

4,714,075

$

5,392,153

National Security Solutions:

Funded backlog

$

678,799

$

476,618

Unfunded backlog

2,050,131

2,046,634

Total NSS backlog

$

2,728,930

$

2,523,252

Total:

Funded backlog

$

1,176,879

$

1,423,329

Unfunded backlog

6,266,126

6,492,076

Total backlog

$

7,443,005

$

7,915,405

Backlog represents the estimated amount of future revenues to be recognized under negotiated contracts and task orders as work is performed and excludes contract awards which have been protested by competitors until the protest is resolved in our favor. PAE segregates backlog into two categories, funded backlog and unfunded backlog.

Funded backlog refers to the value on contracts for which funding is appropriated less revenues previously recognized on these contracts.

Unfunded backlog represents the estimated future revenues to be earned from negotiated contracts for which funding has not been appropriated or authorized, and unexercised priced contract options. Unfunded backlog does not include any estimate of future potential task orders expected to be awarded under indefinite delivery, indefinite quantity contracts, U.S. General Services Administration schedules or other master agreement contract vehicles.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

The Company uses EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA margin, adjusted operating income per segment and adjusted operating income margin per segment as supplemental non-GAAP measures of performance. PAE defines EBITDA as net income excluding (i) interest expense, (ii) provision for or benefit from income taxes and (iii) depreciation and amortization. Adjusted EBITDA and adjusted operating income per segment exclude certain amounts included in EBITDA as provided in the reconciliations provided herein. Adjusted EBITDA is equal to the sum of adjusted operating income for each segment. Adjusted EBITDA margin is calculated as adjusted EBITDA divided by revenues expressed as a percentage and adjusted operating income margin is calculated as adjusted operating income divided by revenues expressed as a percentage.

For 2021 and 2020, the Company’s net income was impacted by certain events, as described in the footnotes to the reconciliation tables, that do not reflect the cost of our operations and which may affect the period-over-period assessment of operating results. The non-GAAP financial measures demonstrate the impact of these events.

These non-GAAP measures of performance are used by management to conduct and evaluate its business during its regular review of operating results for the periods presented. Management and the Company’s board utilize these non-GAAP measures to make decisions about the use of the Company’s resources, analyze performance between periods, develop internal projections and measure management performance. PAE believes these non-GAAP measures are useful to investors in evaluating the Company’s ongoing operating and financial results and understanding how such results compare with the Company’s historical performance.

In addition to the above non-GAAP financial measures, the Company has included backlog, net bookings, and book-to-bill ratio in this release. Backlog is an operational measure representing the estimated amount of future revenues to be recognized under negotiated contracts and task orders as work is performed and excludes contract awards which have been protested by competitors until the protest is resolved in our favor. Net bookings are an operational measure representing the change in backlog between reporting periods plus reported revenue for the period and book-to-bill ratio is an operational measure representing net bookings divided by reported revenues for the same period. We believe backlog, net bookings and book-to-bill ratio are useful metrics for investors because they are an important measure of business development performance and revenue growth. These metrics are used by management to conduct and evaluate its business during its regular review of operating results for the periods presented.

Reconciliation of GAAP net income to Adjusted EBITDA, a non-GAAP Measure - Company

(in thousands)

Three Months Ended

Six Months Ended

June 27,

June 28,

June 27,

June 28,

2021

2020

Change

2021

2020

Change

Net income (loss) attributed to PAE Incorporated

$

14,350

$

(3,446

)

$

17,796

$

27,734

$

22,538

$

5,196

Interest expense, net

13,160

13,757

(597

)

25,674

34,705

(9,031

)

Provision for taxes

2,626

3,752

(1,126

)

5,235

(5,776

)

11,011

Depreciation and amortization

15,110

10,536

4,574

29,593

21,166

8,427

M&A and Integration costs

2,615

(752

)

3,367

4,448

23,228

(18,780

)

Disposal of assets

Non-core expenses (1)

468

1,195

(727

)

1,534

1,453

81

Non-cash items (2)

Equity based compensation (3)

3,624

3,519

105

5,555

3,519

2,036

Other (4)

1,357

19,838

(18,481

)

566

(10,788

)

11,354

Adjusted EBITDA

$

53,310

$

48,399

$

4,911

$

100,339

$

90,045

$

10,294

Adjusted EBITDA margin

7.1

%

7.5

%

6.7

%

7.1

%


Reconciliation of GAAP operating income to
adjusted operating income, a non-GAAP Measure - GMS

(in thousands)

Three Months Ended

Six Months Ended

June 27,

June 28,

June 27,

June 28,

2021

2020

Change

2021

2020

Change

Operating income

$

28,700

$

31,537

$

(2,837

)

$

53,214

$

44,140

$

9,074

Corp operating loss allocation (5)

(5,619

)

(3,918

)

(1,701

)

(13,293

)

(10,968

)

(2,325

)

Corp other income (loss) allocation (6)

(52

)

(15,359

)

15,307

896

6,958

(6,062

)

Corporate NCI allocation

(492

)

(804

)

312

433

(1,026

)

1,459

Depreciation and amortization

6,104

6,057

47

11,966

12,208

(242

)

M&A and Integration costs

2,044

553

1,491

3,493

16,465

(12,972

)

Disposal of assets

Non-core expenses (1)

366

943

(577

)

1,209

1,134

75

Equity based compensation (3)

2,833

2,777

56

4,360

2,777

1,583

Other (4)

710

15,652

(14,942

)

85

(6,936

)

7,021

Adjusted operating income

$

34,594

$

37,438

$

(2,844

)

$

62,363

$

64,752

$

(2,389

)

Adjusted operating income margin

6.8

%

7.4

%

6.0

%

6.7

%


Reconciliation of GAAP operating income to adjusted operating income, a non-GAAP Measure - NSS

(in thousands)

Three Months Ended

Six Months Ended

June 27,

June 28,

June 27,

June 28,

2021

2020

Change

2021

2020

Change

Operating income

$

9,248

$

7,725

$

1,523

$

20,638

$

12,092

$

8,546

Corp operating loss allocation (5)

(1,569

)

(1,048

)

(521

)

(3,603

)

(3,511

)

(92

)

Corp other income (loss) allocation (6)

(15

)

(4,108

)

4,093

237

3,688

(3,451

)

Corporate NCI allocation

(67

)

39

(106

)

119

95

24

Depreciation and amortization

9,006

4,479

4,527

17,627

8,958

8,669

M&A and Integration costs

571

(1,305

)

1,876

955

6,762

(5,807

)

Disposal of assets

Non-core expenses (1)

102

252

(150

)

326

319

7

Non-cash items (2)

Equity based compensation (3)

791

743

48

1,196

743

453

Other (4)

647

4,187

(3,540

)

481

(3,852

)

4,333

Adjusted operating income

$

18,714

$

10,964

$

7,750

$

37,976

$

25,294

$

12,682

Adjusted operating income margin

7.9

%

8.1

%

8.2

%

8.6

%

(1) Non-core expenses include certain professional fees, gain/loss on disposal of fixed assets, settlements and certain severance costs.

(2) Non-cash items include idle facilities charges for facilities the Company no longer occupies, pension curtailment costs and unrealized FX gains/losses.

(3) Equity based compensation reflects costs associated with the issuance of restricted stock units and performance-based restricted stock units to PAE employees and independent directors.

(4) Other costs include adjustments to offset capitalized internal labor, state income taxes that were not captured in reported income tax expense and warrant-related expenses.

(5) Corporate operating loss allocation includes certain selling, general and administrative, depreciation and amortization costs that cannot be assigned to a specific segment; this cost is allocated based on proportionate segment revenues for the period in which the cost is incurred.

(6) Corporate other income (loss) allocation includes changes in the fair value of the warrants and transaction expenses allocated to the warrants.

1 Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA margin are non-GAAP financial measures. A reconciliation of adjusted EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA margin to their most directly comparable GAAP financial measure, net income (loss), and a discussion of Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA margin and other non-GAAP financial measures, is contained in the “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section of this release.
2 GMS adjusted operating income and adjusted operating income margin are non-GAAP financial measures. A reconciliation of GMS adjusted operating income and adjusted operating income margin to their most directly comparable GAAP financial measure, GMS operating income (loss), is contained in the “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section of this release.
3 NSS adjusted operating income and adjusted operating income margin are non-GAAP financial measures. A reconciliation of NSS adjusted operating income and adjusted operating income margin to their most directly comparable GAAP financial measure, NSS operating income (loss), is contained in the “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section of this release.