A year after taking up the case, the US Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit has ruled in favor of the Electronic Frontier Foundation in its challenge against podcasting patent troll, Personal Audio. The decision is a massive relief for the vibrant and ever-growing medium, which has been operated under the threat of lawsuit for a number of years.
It's also part of the EFF's larger on-going fight against overly broad tech patents. And the organization doesn't mince words. Daniel Nazer, who has been working closely on the case, is the EFF's "Mark Cuban Chair to Eliminate Stupid Patents."
The case involves Personal Audio’s broad patent for a “System for Disseminating Media Content Representing Episodes in a Serialized Sequence,” which the company used to levy suits against a number of podcast providers, including Adam Carolla, HowStuffWorks, CBS, and NBC. The EFF filed a petition challenging the patent in 2013, urging the US Patent and Trademark Office to take another look at the broad ruling.
“In this particular case, podcasting is a technology that is used by a lot of non-traditional media outlets,” EFF staff Attorney Vera Ranieri told TechCrunch following today’s decision. “Here it was a technology that was allowing a lot of non-traditional players to let their values be known. We wanted to protect the way that people engage in communications and share idea.”
🚨🚨🚨 EFF wins podcasting appeal. Federal Circuit affirms Personal Audio's patent is invalid. 🚨🚨🚨 https://t.co/p8C0fxnugJ
— Daniel Nazer (@danielnazer) August 7, 2017
The EFF won the initial ruling in April 2015, thanks to two instances of prior art. The digital rights organization cited the CBC’s long standing science show Quirks & Quarks and CNN's Internet Newsroom, as examples of the technology dating back before the patent’s 1996 date.
Personal Audio appealed the ruling roughy this time last year, but the today’s decision keeps things, thankfully, as is. The court cited both pieces of prior art in today’s ruling, “We have considered all of Personal Audio’s arguments," the decision reads, "and affirm the PTAB’s conclusion that the challenged claims are anticipated by the Patrick/CBC reference, and alternatively that the claims are invalid as obvious in view of the Compton/CNN reference.”
As far as what this means to who’ve settled with Personal Audio, that’s entirely dependent on the wording of those agreements. Though Ranieri notes that those who agreed to running royalties rather than an upfront sum, may be in the clear, depending on the nature of their agreement.
If Personal Audio decides to keep fighting, the next stop is the Supreme Court. We’ve reached out to the company and its representation for comment.