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- PRGN-3007 is the first of the next generation UltraCAR-T, incorporating intrinsic PD-1 checkpoint inhibition in addition to the three effector genes used in the first generation UltraCAR-T technology -
- Proprietary technology for checkpoint blockade intrinsic to UltraCAR-T avoids the need for combination with a secondary therapeutic -
- ROR1 is an attractive target for treatment of multiple hematological and solid tumors due to its high expression in cancer and minimal expression in healthy adult tissues -
GERMANTOWN, Md., Oct. 26, 2021 /PRNewswire/ -- Precigen, Inc. (Nasdaq: PGEN), a biopharmaceutical company specializing in the development of innovative gene and cell therapies to improve the lives of patients, today announced that the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has cleared the Investigational New Drug (IND) application to initiate the Phase 1/1b clinical trial of PRGN-3007 in advanced receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor 1-positive (ROR1+) hematological and solid tumors. PRGN-3007 is a first-in-class investigational therapy based on the next generation of Precigen's UltraCAR-T® platform and incorporates intrinsic programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) blockade. This first-in-human investigator-initiated study of PRGN–3007 will be conducted in collaboration with the H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute.
ROR1 is overexpressed in various cancers with minimal expression in healthy adult tissues. ROR1 is aberrantly expressed in multiple hematological tumors, including chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), mantle cell leukemia (MCL), acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and solid tumors, including breast adenocarcinomas encompassing triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), pancreatic cancer, ovarian cancer, and lung adenocarcinoma.
PRGN-3007 UltraCAR-T is an investigational multigenic, autologous CAR-T cell therapy utilizing Precigen's clinically validated advanced non-viral gene delivery system and the well-established overnight, decentralized manufacturing process. Precigen has further advanced the UltraCAR-T platform to address the inhibitory tumor microenvironment by incorporating intrinsic checkpoint blockade without the need for complex and costly gene editing techniques. PRGN-3007 is engineered using a single multicistronic transposon plasmid to simultaneously express a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) targeting ROR1, membrane-bound interleukin–15 (mbIL15), a kill switch, and a novel mechanism for the intrinsic blockade of PD-1 gene expression.
The PD-1/programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) pathway plays a vital role in how tumor cells evade immune response. While the blockade of the PD-1/PD-L1 pathway has demonstrated considerable benefit for treating various cancers, the use of systemic checkpoint inhibitors can lead to side effects associated with autoimmune response. The innovative design of PRGN-3007, where the blockade of PD-1 expression is intrinsic and localized to UltraCAR-T cells, is aimed at avoiding systemic toxicity and the high cost of checkpoint inhibitors by eliminating the need for combination treatment.
The Phase 1/1b clinical trial is an open-label study designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of PRGN-3007 in patients with advanced ROR1+ hematological (Arm 1) and solid (Arm 2) tumors. The target patient population for Arm 1 includes relapsed or refractory CLL, relapsed or refractory MCL, relapsed or refractory ALL, and relapsed or refractory DLBCL. The target patient population for Arm 2 includes locally advanced unresectable or metastatic histologically confirmed TNBC. The study will enroll in two parts: an initial 3+3 dose escalation in each arm followed by a dose expansion at the maximum tolerated dose (MTD). Arm 1 and Arm 2 will enroll in parallel.
"ROR1 is an attractive target for treatment of multiple hematological and solid tumors due to its high expression in cancer and minimal expression in healthy adult tissues," said Javier Pinilla-Ibarz, MD, PhD, Senior Member, Lymphoma Section Head and Director of Immunotherapy, Malignant Hematology Department, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute, and Principal Investigator for the PRGN-3007 clinical study. "Preclinical studies of PRGN-3007 UltraCAR-T indicate the potential for improved efficacy by specific targeting of ROR1 combined with intrinsic blockade of PD-1 expression and we look forward to investigating the potential in this first-in-human clinical study."
"ROR1 expression is thought to be a potential adverse prognostic factor in TNBC patients," said Hatem Soliman, MD, Medical Director of the Clinical Trials Office, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute, and Principal Investigator for the TNBC cohort of PRGN-3007 clinical study. "Given the aggressive nature of TNBC and the need for additional treatment options, we are eager to investigate PRGN-3007 in this setting."
"This is the first study of our next generation UltraCAR-T, which adds checkpoint blockade to our non-viral, multigenic UltraCAR-T platform," said Helen Sabzevari, PhD, President and CEO of Precigen. "PRGN-3007 eliminates the need to combine an antigen-specific CAR-T with a separate checkpoint inhibitor, which has the potential to avoid systemic toxicity and reduce cost. This new study is a big step toward our UltraCAR-T library approach, which aims to deliver personalized autologous UltraCAR-T therapies based on a patient's cancer indication and biomarker profile using overnight manufacturing at the patient's medical center."
About Receptor Tyrosine Kinase-like Orphan Receptor 1 (ROR1)
ROR1 is a type I orphan-receptor that is expressed during embryogenesis and by certain hematological and solid tumors but is undetectable on normal adult tissues.1-3 ROR1 plays an important role in oncogenesis by activating cell survival signaling events, particularly the non-canonical WNT signaling pathway.4 Aberrant expression of ROR1 is detected in multiple hematological malignancies including CLL5, MCL6, ALL7, and DLBCL.8 Elevated ROR1 expression is detected in various solid tumors, including breast adenocarcinoma encompassing TNBC, pancreatic cancer, ovarian cancer, Ewing's sarcoma and lung adenocarcinoma.9-14 Many human breast adenocarcinomas express high levels of ROR1, which is not expressed by normal breast tissue.15
Precigen: Advancing Medicine with Precision™
Precigen (Nasdaq: PGEN) is a dedicated discovery and clinical stage biopharmaceutical company advancing the next generation of gene and cell therapies using precision technology to target urgent and intractable diseases in our core therapeutic areas of immuno-oncology, autoimmune disorders, and infectious diseases. Our technologies enable us to find innovative solutions for affordable biotherapeutics in a controlled manner. Precigen operates as an innovation engine progressing a preclinical and clinical pipeline of well-differentiated unique therapies toward clinical proof-of-concept and commercialization. For more information about Precigen, visit www.precigen.com or follow us on Twitter @Precigen and LinkedIn.
Precigen, UltraCAR-T and Advancing Medicine with Precision are trademarks of Precigen and/or its affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners.
Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
Some of the statements made in this press release are forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are based upon the Company's current expectations and projections about future events and generally relate to plans, objectives, and expectations for the development of the Company's business, including the timing and progress of preclinical studies, clinical trials, discovery programs and related milestones, the promise of the Company's portfolio of therapies, and in particular its CAR-T and AdenoVerse therapies. Although management believes that the plans and objectives reflected in or suggested by these forward-looking statements are reasonable, all forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties, including the possibility that the timeline for the Company's clinical trials might be impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, and actual future results may be materially different from the plans, objectives and expectations expressed in this press release. The Company has no obligation to provide any updates to these forward-looking statements even if its expectations change. All forward-looking statements are expressly qualified in their entirety by this cautionary statement. For further information on potential risks and uncertainties, and other important factors, any of which could cause the Company's actual results to differ from those contained in the forward-looking statements, see the section entitled "Risk Factors" in the Company's most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and subsequent reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.
1 Balakrishnan, A., et al., Analysis of ROR1 Protein Expression in Human Cancer and Normal Tissues. Clin Cancer Res, 2017. 23(12): p. 3061-3071.
2 Green, J.L., et al., ROR receptor tyrosine kinases: orphans no more. Trends in Cell Biology, 2008. 18(11): p. 536-544.
3 Rebagay, G., et al., ROR1 and ROR2 in Human Malignancies: Potentials for Targeted Therapy. Front Oncol, 2012. 2(34).
4 Zhao Y, et al., Tyrosine Kinase ROR1 as a Target for Anti-Cancer Therapies. Front. Oncol, 2021.
5 Baskar, S., et al., Unique Cell Surface Expression of Receptor Tyrosine Kinase ROR1 in Human B-Cell Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia. Clin Cancer Res, 2008. 14(2): p. 396-404.
6 Hudecek, M., et al., The B-cell tumor–associated antigen ROR1 can be targeted with T cells modified to express a ROR1-specific chimeric antigen receptor. Blood, 2010. 116(22): p. 4532-4541.
7 Enayati H, et al., Expression of ROR1 Gene in Patients with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia. IJBC 2019; 11(2): 57-62.
8 Ghaderi, A., et al., ROR1 Is Expressed in Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma (DLBCL) and a Small Molecule Inhibitor of ROR1 (KAN0441571C) Induced Apoptosis of Lymphoma Cells. Biomedicines, 2020. 8(6).
9 Zhang, S., et al., The onco-embryonic antigen ROR1 is expressed by a variety of human cancers. Am J Pathol, 2012. 181(6): p. 1903-10.
10 Zhang, S., et al., ROR1 is expressed in human breast cancer and associated with enhanced tumor-cell growth. PLoS One, 2012.7(3): p. e31127.
11 Potratz, J., et al., Receptor tyrosine kinase gene expression profiles of Ewing sarcomas reveal ROR1 as a potential therapeutic target in metastatic disease. Mol Oncol, 2016. 10(5): p. 677-92.
12 Zheng, Y.Z., et al., ROR1 is a novel prognostic biomarker in patients with lung adenocarcinoma. Sci Rep, 2016. 6: p. 36447.
13 Choi, M.Y., et al., Pre-clinical Specificity and Safety of UC-961, a First-In-Class Monoclonal Antibody Targeting ROR1. Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk, 2015. 15 Suppl: p. S167-9.
14 Balakrishnan, A., et al., Analysis of ROR1 Protein Expression in Human Cancer and Normal Tissues. Clin Cancer Res, 2017. 23(12): p. 3061-3071.
15 Zhang S. et al., ROR1 is expressed in human breast cancer and associated with enhanced tumor-cell growth. PLoS One, 2012, 7:e31127.
For more information, contact:
Donelle M. Gregory
Vice President, Investor Relations
Tel: +1 (301) 556-9850
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