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PRGX Global, Inc. Announces Second Quarter 2019 Financial Results

Updates 2019 Annual Revenue and Adjusted EBITDA Guidance

ATLANTA, July 30, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- PRGX Global, Inc. (PRGX), a global leader in Recovery Audit and Spend Analytics services, today announced its unaudited financial results for the second quarter and six months ended June 30, 2019.

Quarterly Highlights

  • Revenue from continuing operations of $42.0 million, essentially unchanged from the prior year, and growth of 1.2% on a currency adjusted basis
  • Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations of $2.9 million and net loss from continuing operations of $4.2 million
  • Significant cost reduction and business line rationalization underway to improve Adjusted EBITDA and free cash flow from operations; Includes goal to make Adjacent Services segment breakeven by the end of 2019
  • Revised annual guidance for 2019 to revenue of between $172 million to $178 million and Adjusted EBITDA of between $25 million to $27 million
  • Preliminary expectation for 2020 to achieve at least 17% Adjusted EBITDA margin and low- to mid-single digit revenue growth
    For the Three Months Ended June 30,   For the Six Months Ended June 30,
Selected Financial Data (dollars in thousands)   2019   2018   % Change   2019   2018   % Change
                     
Revenue                        
Recovery Audit Services - Americas   $ 28,935     $ 28,912     0.1 %   $ 56,308     $ 54,870     2.6 %
Recovery Audit Services - Europe/Asia-Pacific   11,836     11,445     3.4 %   21,595     21,472     0.6 %
Adjacent Services   1,203     1,745     -31.1 %   2,875     2,481     15.9 %
Total   $ 41,974     $ 42,102     -0.3 %   $ 80,778     $ 78,823     2.5 %
Net loss from continuing operations   (4,176 )   (2,880 )   -45.0 %   (8,417 )   (5,208 )   -61.6 %
                         
Non-GAAP Financial Measures                        
Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations   $ 2,856     $ 4,092     -30.2 %   $ 4,589     $ 7,371     -37.7 %

“While we delivered growth in our Europe/Asia Pacific retail recovery audit business as well as our U.S. commercial and contract compliance businesses in the second quarter, overall financial results were lower than our expectations. Our revenue performance was adversely impacted by unanticipated reductions in audit scope and claims delays at several of our significant Americas retail recovery audit clients. In addition, contract compliance did not meet our expectations due to delays and lower than expected claims settlements; however, the service line grew year over year.  In Adjacent Services, existing projects did not yield expected results and fewer than expected new projects came online,” said Ron Stewart, president and chief executive officer.

“During the quarter we took steps to improve our profitability. We initiated an aggressive cost reduction program, increased our scrutiny of client profitability and expect to renegotiate or exit unprofitable client arrangements. While we are taking swift and aggressive actions to improve our financial performance, we expect some of the revenue headwinds experienced in the second quarter to continue through the end of 2019. Given this expectation and the uncertainty in the timing of revenue realization inherent in our contingency fee-based businesses, we believe it is prudent to reduce our revenue and Adjusted EBITDA guidance for 2019,” continued Stewart.

“Looking ahead, our new business pipeline, particularly in our commercial recovery audit business, remains strong.  I am very pleased with the momentum of our sales team, with over 50% more new client engagements signed in the first half of 2019 compared to the first half of 2018.  We believe this momentum, along with our redoubled efforts to actively manage our costs, will drive increased revenues, profitability and free cash flow in 2020 and beyond,” concluded Stewart.

Consolidated Results from Continuing Operations for the Three Months Ended June 30, 2019

Consolidated revenue from continuing operations for the second quarter of 2019 was $42.0 million, compared to $42.1 million for the same period in 2018, a decrease of 0.3%. Second quarter 2019 revenue from the Recovery Audit Services segments was $40.8 million compared to $40.4 million in the prior year, and from the Adjacent Services segment was $1.2 million compared to $1.7 million in 2018. On a constant dollar basis adjusted for changes in foreign exchange rates, revenue increased by 1.2% in the second quarter of 2019 compared to the same period in the prior year.

Total cost of revenue from continuing operations for the second quarter of 2019 was $26.3 million, or 62.7% of revenue, compared to $27.4 million, or 65.1% of revenue, for the same period in the prior year, representing a 2.4% improvement as a percentage of revenue.

Selling, general and administrative expenses from continuing operations for the second quarter of 2019 were $15.7 million compared to $12.8 million in the prior year period.

Consolidated net loss from continuing operations for the second quarter of 2019 was $4.2 million, or $(0.18) per basic and diluted share, compared to net loss of $2.9 million, or $(0.13) per basic and diluted share, for the same period in 2018.

Adjusted Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization (Adjusted EBITDA) from continuing operations for the second quarter of 2019 was $2.9 million, or 6.8% of revenue, compared to Adjusted EBITDA of $4.1 million, or 9.7% of revenue, for the second quarter of 2018, a decrease of $1.2 million or 30.2%.

Schedule 3 attached to this press release provides a reconciliation of net loss to each of Earnings Before Interest and Taxes (EBIT), Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization (EBITDA) and Adjusted EBITDA.

Consolidated Results from Continuing Operations for the Six Months Ended June 30, 2019

Consolidated revenue from continuing operations for the six months ended June 30, 2019 was $80.8 million, compared to $78.8 million for the same period in 2018, an increase of 2.5%. For the six months ended June 30, 2019, revenue from the Recovery Audit Services segments was $77.9 million compared to $76.3 million in the prior year, and from the Adjacent Services segment was $2.9 million compared to $2.5 million in 2018. On a constant dollar basis adjusted for changes in foreign exchange rates, revenue increased by 4.6% for the six months ended June 30, 2019 compared to the same period in the prior year.

Total cost of revenue from continuing operations for the six months ended June 30, 2019 was $51.5 million, or 63.8% of revenue, compared to $52.2 million, or 66.2% of revenue, for the same period in the prior year, representing a 2.4% improvement as a percentage of revenue.

Selling, general and administrative expenses from continuing operations for the six months ended June 30, 2019 were $29.7 million compared to $24.1 million in the prior year period.

Consolidated net loss from continuing operations for the six months ended June 30, 2019 was $8.4 million, or $(0.37) per basic and diluted share, compared to net loss of $5.2 million, or $(0.23) per basic and diluted share, for the same period in 2018.

Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations for the second quarter of 2019 was $4.6 million, or 5.7% of revenue, compared to Adjusted EBITDA of $7.4 million, or 9.4% of revenue, for the second quarter of 2018, a decrease of $2.8 million or 37.7%.

Schedule 3 attached to this press release provides a reconciliation of net loss to each of EBIT, EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA.

Cash Flow and Liquidity

Net cash used by operating activities for the second quarter of 2019 was $0.1 million, compared to $3.5 million in the second quarter of the prior year, and net cash used was $2.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2019 compared to $6.4 million in the same period in the prior year.

At June 30, 2019, the Company had unrestricted cash and cash equivalents of $11.5 million, and borrowings of $33.0 million against its $60.0 million revolving credit facility.

Annual Guidance for 2019 and 2020

The Company is updating its annual guidance for 2019 and providing preliminary annual guidance for 2020. For 2019, revenue is expected be in the range of $172 million to $178 million and Adjusted EBITDA is expected to be in the range of $25 million to $27 million. The guidance for 2019 reflects an updated view of the performance of the business segments, as well as cost reduction initiatives executed during the second quarter and planned for the balance of the year. The guidance for 2019 includes an expectation for the Adjacent Services segment to achieve positive quarterly Adjusted EBITDA no later than the fourth quarter of 2019.  For 2020, the Company is establishing preliminary annual guidance for a revenue growth rate of low- to mid-single digits and Adjusted EBITDA margins of at least 17%.

Stock Repurchase Program

Since the February 2014 announcement of the Company’s stock repurchase program, as of June 30, 2019, the Company has repurchased 9.3 million shares. The Company repurchased approximately 0.2 million shares of its outstanding common stock for an aggregate price of $2.2 million in the six months ended June 30, 2019.

Second Quarter Earnings Call

As previously announced, management will hold a conference call later today at 5:00 PM (Eastern time) to discuss the Company’s second quarter 2019 financial results. To access the conference call, listeners in the U.S. and Canada should dial (877) 755-7423 at least 5 minutes prior to the start of the conference. Listeners outside the U.S. and Canada should dial (678) 894-3069. To be admitted to the call, listeners should use passcode 3629918.

This teleconference will also be audiocast on the Internet at www.prgx.com (click on “Events & Presentations” under “Investors”). A replay of the audiocast will be available at the same location on www.prgx.com beginning approximately two hours after the conclusion of the live audiocast, extending through December 31, 2019. Please note that the Internet audiocast is “listen-only.” Microsoft Windows Media Player is required to access the live audiocast and the replay and can be downloaded from www.microsoft.com/en-us/downloads.

About PRGX

PRGX Global, Inc. is a global leader in Recovery Audit and Spend Analytics services. With over 1,500 employees, the Company serves clients in more than 30 countries and provides its services to 80% of the top 15 global retailers and over 25% of the top 50 companies in the Fortune 500. PRGX delivers more than $1 billion in cash flow improvement for its clients each year. The creator of the recovery audit industry more than 40 years ago, PRGX continues to innovate through technology and expanded service offerings. In addition to Recovery Audit, the Company provides Contract Compliance, Spend Analytics and Supplier Information Management services to improve clients’ financial performance and manage risk. For additional information on PRGX, please visit www.prgx.com.

Forward-Looking Statements

In addition to historical information, this press release includes certain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such statements include both implied and express statements regarding the Company’s overall condition and growth prospects, the effectiveness of the Company’s efforts to improve profitability, revenue and free cash flow, the strength of the Company’s new business pipeline, the Company’s updated expectations regarding its 2019 financial performance and the Company’s preliminary expectations regarding its 2020 financial performance. Such forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause the actual results, performance or achievements of the Company to differ materially from the historical results or from any results expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Risks that could affect the Company’s future performance include revenue that does not meet expectations or justify costs incurred, the Company’s ability to develop material sources of new revenue in addition to revenue from its core recovery audit services, changes in the market for the Company’s services, the Company’s ability to retain and attract qualified personnel, the Company’s ability to execute on its profitability improvement efforts, the Company’s ability to integrate recent and future acquisitions, uncertainty in the credit markets, the Company’s ability to maintain compliance with its financial covenants, client bankruptcies, loss of major clients, and other risks generally applicable to the Company’s business. For a discussion of other risk factors that may impact the Company’s business, please see the Company’s filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The Company disclaims any obligation or duty to update or modify these forward-looking statements.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

EBIT, EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are all “non-GAAP financial measures” presented as supplemental measures of the Company’s performance. They are not presented in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, or GAAP. The Company believes these measures provide additional meaningful information in evaluating its performance over time, and that the rating agencies and a number of lenders use EBITDA and similar measures for similar purposes. In addition, a measure similar to Adjusted EBITDA is used in the restrictive covenants contained in the Company’s secured credit facility. However, EBIT, EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA have limitations as analytical tools, and you should not consider them in isolation, or as substitutes for analysis of the Company’s results as reported under GAAP. In addition, in evaluating EBIT, EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA, you should be aware that, as described above, the adjustments may vary from period to period and in the future the Company will incur expenses such as those used in calculating these measures. The Company’s presentation of these measures should not be construed as an inference that future results will be unaffected by unusual or nonrecurring items. Schedule 3 to this press release provides a reconciliation of net income (loss) to each of EBIT, EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA.

CONTACT: PRGX Global, Inc.
investor-relations@prgx.com
Phone: 770-779-3011

 SCHEDULE 1
PRGX Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
                 
    Three Months
Ended June 30,
  Six Months
Ended June 30,
    2019   2018   2019   2018
Revenue, net   $ 41,974     $ 42,102     $ 80,778     $ 78,823  
Operating expenses:                
Cost of revenue   26,312     27,389     51,547     52,186  
Selling, general and administrative expenses   15,748     12,809     29,665     24,073  
Depreciation of property, equipment and software assets   2,381     2,360     4,584     3,583  
Amortization of intangible assets   872     864     1,734     1,652  
Total operating expenses   45,313     43,422     87,530     81,494  
Operating loss from continuing operations   (3,339 )   (1,320 )   (6,752 )   (2,671 )
Foreign currency transaction (gains) losses on short-term intercompany balances   (77 )   880     129     660  
Interest expense, net   592     486     1,065     884  
Other loss (income)   11     5     (8 )   17  
  Loss from continuing operations before income tax   (3,865 )   (2,691 )   (7,938 )   (4,232 )
Income tax expense   311     189     479     976  
Net loss from continuing operations   $ (4,176 )   $ (2,880 )   $ (8,417 )   $ (5,208 )
Discontinued operations:                
Loss from discontinued operations   (103 )   (26 )   (258 )   (359 )
Income tax expense                
Net loss from discontinued operations   (103 )   (26 )   (258 )   (359 )
                 
Net loss   $ (4,279 )   $ (2,906 )   $ (8,675 )   $ (5,567 )
                 
Basic loss per common share:                
Basic loss from continuing operations   $ (0.18 )   $ (0.13 )   $ (0.37 )   $ (0.23 )
Basic loss from discontinued operations           (0.01 )   (0.01 )
Total basic loss per common share   $ (0.18 )   $ (0.13 )   $ (0.38 )   $ (0.24 )
Diluted loss per common share:                
Diluted loss from continuing operations   $ (0.18 )   $ (0.13 )   $ (0.37 )   $ (0.23 )
Diluted loss from discontinued operations           (0.01 )   (0.01 )
Total diluted loss per common share   $ (0.18 )   $ (0.13 )   $ (0.38 )   $ (0.24 )
Weighted average common shares outstanding:                
Basic   22,763     23,283     22,687     22,930  
Diluted   22,763     23,283     22,687     22,930  


SCHEDULE 2
PRGX Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Amounts in thousands)
(Unaudited)
         
    June 30,
2019
  December 31,
2018
ASSETS        
Current assets:        
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 11,504     $ 13,973  
Restricted cash   146     46  
Receivables:        
Contract receivables, net   41,773     46,865  
Employee advances and miscellaneous receivables, net   98     567  
Total receivables   41,871     47,432  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   4,517     3,144  
Total current assets   58,038     64,595  
Property, equipment and software, net   23,670     22,028  
Operating lease right-of-use assets   11,152      
Goodwill   17,528     17,531  
Intangible assets, net   13,207     14,945  
Deferred income taxes   3,575     3,561  
Other assets   1,665     2,169  
Total assets   $ 128,835     $ 124,829  
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY        
Current liabilities:        
Accounts payable and accrued expenses   $ 3,064     $ 7,515  
Accrued payroll and related expenses   9,906     15,073  
Current portion of operating lease liabilities   4,161      
Refund liabilities   6,196     6,497  
Deferred revenue   2,141     2,428  
Current portion of long-term debt   42     48  
Current portion of business acquisition obligations   4,000     4,162  
Total current liabilities   29,510     35,723  
Long-term debt   32,628     21,553  
Long-term operating lease liabilities   7,647      
Refund liabilities   65     100  
Deferred income taxes   666     666  
Other long-term liabilities   9     458  
Total liabilities   70,525     58,500  
Shareholders’ equity:        
Common stock   236     232  
Additional paid-in capital   582,982     582,574  
Accumulated deficit   (524,131 )   (515,456 )
Accumulated other comprehensive income   (777 )   (1,021 )
Total shareholders’ equity   58,310     66,329  
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity   $ 128,835     $ 124,829  


SCHEDULE 3
PRGX Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Reconciliation of Net Loss to EBIT, EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA
(Amounts in thousands)
(Unaudited)
         
    Three Months
Ended June 30,
  Six Months
Ended June 30,
    2019   2018   2019   2018
Reconciliation of net loss to EBIT, EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA:                
Net loss   $ (4,279 )   $ (2,906 )   $ (8,675 )   $ (5,567 )
Income tax expense   311     189     479     976  
Interest expense, net   592     486     1,065     884  
EBIT   (3,376 )   (2,231 )   (7,131 )   (3,707 )
Depreciation of property, equipment and software assets   2,381     2,360     4,584     3,584  
Amortization of intangible assets   872     864     1,734     1,652  
EBITDA   (123 )   993     (813 )   1,529  
Foreign currency transaction (gains) losses on short-term intercompany balances   (77 )   880     129     660  
Transformation, severance, and other expenses   1,280     1,315     1,977     1,989  
Other loss (income)   11     5     (8 )   17  
Stock-based compensation   1,662     873     3,046     2,818  
Adjusted EBITDA   $ 2,753     $ 4,066     $ 4,331     $ 7,013  
Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations   $ 2,856     $ 4,092     $ 4,589     $ 7,371  
Adjusted EBITDA from discontinued operations   $ (103 )   $ (26 )   $ (258 )   $ (358 )

EBIT, EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are all “non-GAAP financial measures” presented as supplemental measures of our performance. They are not presented in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, or GAAP. The Company believes these measures provide additional meaningful information in evaluating the Company’s performance over time, and that the rating agencies and a number of lenders use EBIT, EBITDA and similar measures for similar purposes. In addition, a measure similar to Adjusted EBITDA is used in the restrictive covenants contained in the Company’s secured credit facility. However, EBIT, EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA have limitations as analytical tools, and you should not consider them in isolation, or as substitutes for analysis of our results as reported under GAAP. In addition, in evaluating EBIT, EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA, you should be aware that in the future we will incur expenses such as those used in calculating these measures. Our presentation of these measures should not be construed as an inference that our future results will be unaffected by unusual or nonrecurring items.

SCHEDULE 4
PRGX Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Amounts in thousands)
(Unaudited)
         
    Three Months
Ended June 30,
  Six Months
Ended June 30,
    2019   2018   2019   2018
Cash flows from operating activities:                
Net loss   $ (4,279 )   $ (2,906 )   $ (8,675 )   $ (5,567 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash from operating activities:                
Depreciation and amortization   3,253     3,224     6,318     5,235  
Amortization of deferred loan costs   61     24     117     32  
Deferred income taxes               169  
Stock-based compensation expense   1,662     873     3,046     2,818  
Foreign currency transaction (gains) losses on short-term intercompany balances   (77 )   880     129     660  
Long-term incentive compensation payout               (5,380 )
Decrease (increase) in receivables   390     (6,018 )   5,742     (118 )
Increase (decrease) in accounts payable, accrued payroll and other accrued expenses   86     96     (7,900 )   (5,609 )
Other, primarily changes in assets and liabilities   (1,185 )   363     (1,221 )   1,388  
Net cash used in operating activities   (89 )   (3,464 )   (2,444 )   (6,372 )
Cash flows from investing activities:                
Purchases of property and equipment, net of disposals   (3,199 )   (2,807 )   (7,640 )   (5,327 )
Business acquisition, net of cash acquired               19  
Net cash used in investing activities   (3,199 )   (2,807 )   (7,640 )   (5,308 )
Cash flows from financing activities:                
Net borrowings under line of credit   3,000     4,000     11,400     4,000  
Payment of earnout liability related to business acquisitions       (4,000 )   (479 )   (4,000 )
Payment of deferred loan costs   (47 )   (28 )   (394 )   (28 )
Repurchases of common stock           (2,228 )    
Other, net   (76 )   813     (529 )   1,985  
Net cash provided by financing activities   2,877     785     7,770     1,957  
Effect of exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents   (225 )   316     (55 )   739  
Net change in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash   (636 )   (5,170 )   (2,369 )   (8,984 )
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period   12,286     15,060     14,019     18,874  
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period   $ 11,650     $ 9,890     $ 11,650     $ 9,890  


SCHEDULE 5
PRGX Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Results by Operating Segment *
(Amounts in thousands)
(Unaudited)
         
    Three Months
Ended June 30,
  Six Months
Ended June 30,
    2019   2018   Change   2019   2018   Change
Revenue, net                        
Recovery Audit Services - Americas   $ 28,935     $ 28,912     $ 23     $ 56,308     $ 54,870     $ 1,438  
Recovery Audit Services - Europe/Asia-Pacific   11,836     11,445     391     21,595     21,472     123  
Adjacent Services   1,203     1,745     (542 )   2,875     2,481     394  
Total   $ 41,974     $ 42,102     $ (128 )   $ 80,778     $ 78,823     $ 1,955  
Cost of revenue                        
Recovery Audit Services - Americas   $ 16,076     $ 19,113     $ (3,037 )   $ 31,939     $ 35,264     $ (3,325 )
Recovery Audit Services - Europe/Asia-Pacific   7,189     6,834     355     13,915     13,919     (4 )
Adjacent Services   3,047     1,442     1,605     5,693     3,003     2,690  
Total   $ 26,312     $ 27,389     $ (1,077 )   $ 51,547     $ 52,186     $ (639 )
Selling, general and administrative expenses                        
Recovery Audit Services - Americas   $ 3,647     $ 2,897     $ 750     $ 7,026     $ 5,688     $ 1,338  
Recovery Audit Services - Europe/Asia-Pacific   2,639     1,737     902     4,752     3,108     1,644  
Adjacent Services   398     523     (125 )   909     854     55  
Corporate   9,064     7,652     1,412     16,978     14,423     2,555  
Total   $ 15,748     $ 12,809     $ 2,939     $ 29,665     $ 24,073     $ 5,592  
Depreciation of property, equipment and software assets                        
Recovery Audit Services - Americas   $ 1,919     $ 1,719     $ 200     $ 3,681     $ 2,616     $ 1,065  
Recovery Audit Services - Europe/Asia-Pacific   182     206     (24 )   344     348     (4 )
Adjacent Services   280     435     (155 )   559     619     (60 )
Total   $ 2,381     $ 2,360     $ 21     $ 4,584     $ 3,583     $ 1,001  
Amortization of intangible assets                        
Recovery Audit Services - Americas   $ 438     $ 436     $ 2     $ 876     $ 773     $ 103  
Recovery Audit Services - Europe/Asia-Pacific   48     38     10     85     99     (14 )
Adjacent Services   386     390     (4 )   773     780     (7 )
Total   $ 872     $ 864     $ 8     $ 1,734     $ 1,652     $ 82  
Operating income (loss)                        
Recovery Audit Services - Americas   $ 6,855     $ 4,747     $ 2,108     $ 12,786     $ 10,529     $ 2,257  
Recovery Audit Services - Europe/Asia-Pacific   1,778     2,630     (852 )   2,499     3,998     (1,499 )
Adjacent Services   (2,908 )   (1,045 )   (1,863 )   (5,059 )   (2,775 )   (2,284 )
Corporate   (9,064 )   (7,652 )   (1,412 )   (16,978 )   (14,423 )   (2,555 )
Total   $ (3,339 )   $ (1,320 )   $ (2,019 )   $ (6,752 )   $ (2,671 )   $ (4,081 )
Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations                        
Recovery Audit Services - Americas   $ 9,462     $ 7,388     $ 2,074     $ 17,721     $ 14,467     $ 3,254  
Recovery Audit Services - Europe/Asia-Pacific   2,130     3,346     (1,216 )   3,173     5,460     (2,287 )
Adjacent Services   (1,637 )   (220 )   (1,417 )   (3,104 )   (1,308 )   (1,796 )
Corporate   (7,099 )   (6,422 )   (677 )   (13,201 )   (11,248 )   (1,953 )
Total   $ 2,856     $ 4,092     $ (1,236 )   $ 4,589     $ 7,371     $ (2,782 )

* The Recovery Audit Services - Americas segment represents recovery audit services provided in the United States, Canada and Latin America. The Recovery Audit Services - Europe/Asia-Pacific segment represents recovery audit services provided in Europe, Asia and the Pacific region. The Adjacent Services segment represents advisory services, spend analytics and supplier information management services.