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Prologis Reports First Quarter 2020 Earnings Results

SAN FRANCISCO, April 21, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- Prologis, Inc. (NYSE: PLD), the global leader in logistics real estate, reported results for the first quarter of 2020.

Net earnings per diluted share was $0.70 for the quarter compared with $0.55 for the first quarter of 2019. Core funds from operations* per diluted share was $0.83 for the quarter compared with $0.73 for the same period in 2019. There was no promote income earned in either period.

"Our strong first quarter operating performance is a result of our long-term focus on the world's top consumption markets," said Hamid R. Moghadam, chairman and CEO, Prologis. "While the current environment is challenging, we are well-prepared. We have confidence in our team, our strategy and in the strength of our portfolio."

OPERATING PERFORMANCE 

Owned & Managed

1Q20

Notes

Period End Occupancy

95.5%


Leases Commenced

35MSF

32MSF operating portfolio and 2.8MSF development portfolio

Retention

75.5%





Prologis Share

1Q20

Notes

Net Effective Rent Change

25.1%

Led by U.S. at 31.0%

Cash Rent Change

13.4%


Cash Same Store NOI*

4.6%


DEPLOYMENT ACTIVITY

Prologis Share

1Q20

Building Acquisitions

$312M

Weighted avg stabilized cap rate

4.2%

Development Stabilizations

$687M

Estimated weighted avg yield

6.3%

Estimated weighted avg margin

39.4%

Estimated value creation

$271M

Development Starts

$301M

Estimated weighted avg margin

21.2%

Estimated value creation

$64M

% Build-to-suit

17.3%

Total Dispositions and Contributions

$708M

Weighted avg stabilized cap rate (excluding land and other real estate)

4.8%

Portfolio Acquisitions (inclusive of the acquisitions of IPT on Jan. 8, 2020, and LPT on Feb. 4, 2020)

$14,600M

BALANCE SHEET & LIQUIDITY
"We entered the COVID-19 crisis in a position of financial strength," said Thomas S. Olinger, chief financial officer, Prologis. "We have significant liquidity as well as investment capacity and our dividend is well-covered. Additionally, we have effectively addressed our consolidated maturities until 2022, we have insulated our earnings from FX movements through the next three years and more than 95 percent of our equity is in USD."

The company ended the first quarter with $4.6 billion in liquidity, which comprises $3.8 billion in total line availability and $0.8 billion in cash. Debt as a percentage of total market capitalization was 22 percent at quarter end. At March 31, Prologis' unconsolidated co-investment ventures had combined liquidity of approximately $3.1 billion and a loan-to-value ratio of approximately 22 percent. The combined investment capacity of Prologis and its open-ended vehicles, at levels in line with their current credit ratings, is well over $10 billion

During the quarter, Prologis and its co-investment ventures completed $5.1 billion of debt activity at a weighted average rate of 1.9 percent and a weighted average term of more than 13 years. This activity includes the previously announced €1.35 billion green bond and the $2.2 billion of notes issued by Prologis, as well as an $800 million private placement by its co-investment venture, Prologis U.S. Logistics Fund (USLF). At quarter end, the company's weighted average rate on its total debt was 2.3 percent with a weighted average remaining term of 9.1 years. 

2020 GUIDANCE
"While the full economic impact of the pandemic is difficult to quantify, we have analyzed numerous scenarios and have adjusted our guidance to account for a broad range of outcomes," said Olinger. "Accordingly, we have assumed reduced demand into the third quarter and anticipate that the operating environment will begin to recover toward the end of the year."

New deployment will be assessed on a per-transaction basis. The company's revised guidance assumes no further activity other than the transactions currently under contract, as the company's bias is to be patient on new capital deployment opportunities. Prologis expects to move forward with fully committed speculative development and previously negotiated build-to-suit (BTS) agreements. The company has 30 BTS projects under construction and all of the underlying customers have indicated their intention to move forward as planned.




Earnings (per diluted share)

Previous

Revised

Net Earnings

$1.98 to $2.13

$1.81 to $1.88

Core FFO*

$3.67 to $3.75

$3.55 to $3.65




Operations

Previous

Revised

Year-end occupancy

96.0% to 97.0%

94.5% to 96.0%

Cash Same Store NOI* - Prologis share

4.25% to 5.25%

1.75% to 3.25%1




Capital Deployment – Prologis Share (in millions)

Previous

Revised

Development stabilizations

$2,200 to $2,500

$1,900 to $2,200

Development starts

$2,000 to $2,400

$500 to $800

Building acquisitions

$500 to $700

$450

Building contributions

$600 to $900

$650

Building and land dispositions

$1,300 to $1,500

$250

Realized Development gains

$300 to $400

$280

Net Proceeds (Uses)         

($600) to ($700)

($50) to ($350)




Strategic Capital (in millions)

Previous

Revised

Strategic capital revenue, excl promote revenue

$350 to $360

$345 to $355

Net promote income, incl in Core FFO* range

$115

$115




G&A (in millions)

Previous

Revised

General & administrative expenses

$275 to $285

$270 to $280



*

This is a non-GAAP financial measure. See the Notes and Definitions in our supplemental information for further explanation and a reconciliation to the most directly comparable GAAP measure.



1

At the midpoint, this includes an estimated 100 basis points decline in average occupancy and 125 basis points of bad debt expense.

The earnings guidance described above includes potential gains recognized from real estate transactions but excludes any foreign currency or derivative gains or losses as our guidance assumes constant foreign currency rates. In reconciling from net earnings to Core FFO*, Prologis makes certain adjustments, including but not limited to real estate depreciation and amortization expense, gains (losses) recognized from real estate transactions and early extinguishment of debt, impairment charges, deferred taxes and unrealized gains or losses on foreign currency or derivative activity. The difference between the company's Core FFO* and net earnings guidance for 2019 relates predominantly to these items. Please refer to our first quarter Supplemental Information, which is available on our Investor Relations website at http://ir.prologis.com and on the SEC's website at www.sec.gov for a definition of Core FFO* and other non-GAAP measures used by Prologis, along with reconciliations of these items to the closest GAAP measure for our results and guidance.

APRIL 21, 2020, CALL DETAILS
The call will take place on Tuesday, April 21, 2020, at 9:00 a.m. PT/12:00 p.m. ET. To access a live broadcast of the call, please dial +1 (877) 209-4258 (toll-free from the United States and Canada) or +1 (647) 689-5198 (from all other countries) and enter conference code 6246789. A live webcast can be accessed from the Investor Relations section of www.prologis.com.

ABOUT PROLOGIS
Prologis, Inc. is the global leader in logistics real estate with a focus on high-barrier, high growth markets. As of March 31, 2020, the company owned or had investments in, on a wholly owned basis or through co-investment ventures, properties and development projects expected to total approximately 965 million square feet (90 million square meters) in 19 countries. Prologis leases modern logistics facilities to a diverse base of approximately 5,500 customers principally across two major categories: business-to-business and retail/online fulfillment.

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
The statements in this document that are not historical facts are forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. These forward-looking statements are based on current expectations, estimates and projections about the industry and markets in which we operate as well as management's beliefs and assumptions. Such statements involve uncertainties that could significantly impact our financial results. Words such as "expects," "anticipates," "intends," "plans," "believes," "seeks," and "estimates," including variations of such words and similar expressions, are intended to identify such forward-looking statements, which generally are not historical in nature. All statements that address operating performance, events or developments that we expect or anticipate will occur in the future — including statements relating to rent and occupancy growth, development activity, contribution and disposition activity, general conditions in the geographic areas where we operate, our debt, capital structure and financial position, our ability to form new co-investment ventures and the availability of capital in existing or new co-investment ventures — are forward-looking statements. These statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve certain risks, uncertainties and assumptions that are difficult to predict. Although we believe the expectations reflected in any forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions, we can give no assurance that our expectations will be attained and, therefore, actual outcomes and results may differ materially from what is expressed or forecasted in such forward-looking statements. Some of the factors that may affect outcomes and results include, but are not limited to: (i) national, international, regional and local economic and political climates; (ii) changes in global financial markets, interest rates and foreign currency exchange rates; (iii) increased or unanticipated competition for our properties; (iv) risks associated with acquisitions, dispositions and development of properties; (v) maintenance of real estate investment trust status, tax structuring and changes in income tax laws and rates; (vi) availability of financing and capital, the levels of debt that we maintain and our credit ratings; (vii) risks related to our investments in our co-investment ventures, including our ability to establish new co-investment ventures; (viii) risks of doing business internationally, including currency risks; (ix) environmental uncertainties, including risks of natural disasters; (x) risk related to the current coronavirus pandemic; and (xi) those additional factors discussed in reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission by us under the heading "Risk Factors." We undertake no duty to update any forward-looking statements appearing in this document except as may be required by law.






dollars in millions, except per share/unit data

Three Months ended
March 31,




2020

2019

Rental and other revenues

$ 882

$    698

Strategic capital revenues

96

74


Total revenues

978

772

Net earnings attributable to common stockholders

489

347

Core FFO attributable to common stockholders/unitholders*

599

474

AFFO attributable to common stockholders/unitholders*

733

467

Adjusted EBITDA attributable to common stockholders/unitholders*

1,013

654

Estimated value creation from development stabilizations - Prologis Share

271

209

Common stock dividends and common limited partnership unit distributions

444

348






Per common share - diluted:




Net earnings attributable to common stockholders

$0.70

$0.55


Core FFO attributable to common stockholders/unitholders*

0.83

0.73


Business line reporting:





Real estate operations* 

0.76

0.68



Strategic capital* 

0.07

0.05



Core FFO attributable to common stockholders/unitholders*

0.83

0.73



Realized development gains, net of taxes*

0.22

0.06

Dividends and distributions per common share/unit

0.58

0.53



*

This is a non-GAAP financial measure. Please see our Notes and Definitions for further explanation.

 









in thousands


March 31, 2020


December 31, 2019

Assets:





Investments in real estate properties:






Operating properties

$ 42,429,391


$        31,287,833



Development portfolio

1,836,794


1,869,267



Land

1,463,982


1,101,646



Other real estate investments

2,382,132


965,668






48,112,299


35,224,414



Less accumulated depreciation

5,662,351


5,437,662





Net investments in real estate properties

42,449,948


29,786,752


Investments in and advances to unconsolidated entities

6,834,758


6,237,371


Assets held for sale or contribution

1,975,524


720,685





Net investments in real estate

51,260,230


36,744,808










Cash and cash equivalents

807,871


1,088,855


Other assets

2,939,146


2,198,187





Total assets

$55,007,247


$        40,031,850









Liabilities and Equity:





Liabilities:






Debt 

$ 15,676,592


$        11,905,877



Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities

2,554,785


2,054,189





Total liabilities

18,231,377


13,960,066










Equity:






Stockholders' equity

32,259,442


22,653,127



Noncontrolling interests

3,591,986


2,775,394



Noncontrolling interests - limited partnership unitholders

924,442


643,263





Total equity

36,775,870


26,071,784













Total liabilities and equity

$55,007,247


$        40,031,850

 








Three Months Ended





March 31,

in thousands, except per share amounts

2020

2019

Revenues:




Rental

$878,807

$696,807


Strategic capital 

96,591

73,805


Development management and other 

2,843

1,440



         Total revenues 

978,241

772,052

Expenses:




Rental 

227,618

188,068


Strategic capital 

46,574

38,058


General and administrative 

69,689

69,701


Depreciation and amortization

345,970

284,009


Other

14,574

3,834



        Total expenses

704,425

583,670







Operating income before gains on real estate transactions, net

273,816

188,382


Gains on dispositions of development properties and land, net

162,750

42,441


Gains on other dispositions of investments in real estate, net (excluding
    development properties and land)

31,491

145,767

Operating income

468,057

376,590

Other income (expense):




Earnings from unconsolidated co-investment ventures, net

47,115

53,087


Earnings from other unconsolidated ventures, net

41,615

3,579


Interest expense

(75,642)

(60,507)


Foreign currency and derivative gains (losses) and interest and other income, net

113,699

16,644


Losses on early extinguishment of debt, net

(42,767)

(2,116)



        Total other income (expense)

84,020

10,687







Earnings before income taxes

552,077

387,277


Current income tax expense

(27,920)

(12,719)


Deferred income tax expense

(2,993)

(793)

Consolidated net earnings

521,164

373,765

Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests

(16,141)

(14,645)

Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests - limited partnership units

(13,970)

(10,574)

Net earnings attributable to controlling interests

491,053

348,546

Preferred stock dividends

(1,635)

(1,499)

Net earnings attributable to common stockholders

$489,418

$347,047

Weighted average common shares outstanding - Diluted

723,983

654,359

Net earnings per share attributable to common stockholders - Diluted

$       0.70

$       0.55

 








Three Months Ended





December 31,

in thousands

2020

2019

Net earnings attributable to common stockholders

$489,418

$347,047

Add (deduct) NAREIT defined adjustments:




Real estate related depreciation and amortization

335,932

274,887


Gains on other dispositions of investments in real estate, net (excluding development properties and land)

(31,491)

(145,767)


Reconciling items related to noncontrolling interests

(15,393)

(13,470)


Our share of reconciling items related to unconsolidated co-investment ventures

65,364

53,700


Our share of reconciling items related to other unconsolidated ventures

2,785

3,012

NAREIT defined FFO attributable to common stockholders/unitholders*

$846,615

$519,409







Add (deduct) our defined adjustments:




Unrealized foreign currency and derivative gains, net

(109,547)

(7,488)


Deferred income tax expense

2,993

793


Reconciling items related to noncontrolling interests

(185)

20


Our share of reconciling items related to unconsolidated co-investment ventures

1,278

(1,144)

FFO, as modified by Prologis attributable to common stockholders/unitholders*

$741,154

$511,590







Adjustments to arrive at Core FFO attributable to common stockholders/unitholders*:




Gains on dispositions of development properties and land, net

(162,750)

(42,441)


Current income tax expense on dispositions

6,725

2,399


Losses on early extinguishment of debt and other, net

47,767

2,116


Reconciling items related to noncontrolling interests

(2,545)

-


Our share of reconciling items related to unconsolidated co-investment ventures

2,701

584


Our share of reconciling items related to other unconsolidated ventures

(33,833)

3

Core FFO attributable to common stockholders/unitholders*

$599,219

$474,251







Adjustments to arrive at Adjusted FFO ("AFFO") attributable to common stockholders/unitholders*, including our share of unconsolidated ventures less noncontrolling interest:




Gains on dispositions of development properties and land, net

162,750

42,441


Current income tax expense on dispositions

(6,725)

(2,399)


Straight-lined rents and amortization of lease intangibles

(25,503)

(29,549)


Property improvements

(13,639)

(8,697)


Turnover costs

(39,396)

(40,338)


Amortization of debt premium, financing costs and management contracts, net

1,493

4,480


Stock compensation expense

31,808

31,758


Reconciling items related to noncontrolling interests

5,047

5,364


Our share of reconciling items related to unconsolidated ventures

18,082

(10,476)

AFFO attributable to common stockholders/unitholders*

$733,136

$466,834




*

This is a non-GAAP financial measure. Please see our Notes and Definitions for further explanation.

 








Three Months Ended





March 31,

in thousands

2020

2019

Net earnings attributable to common stockholders

$     489,418

$                    347,047



Gains on other dispositions of investments in real estate, net (excluding development properties and land)

(31,491)

(145,767)



Depreciation and amortization expenses

345,970

284,009



Interest expense

75,642

60,507



Current and deferred income tax expense, net

30,913

13,512



Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests - limited partnership unitholders

13,970

10,574



Pro forma adjustments

51,208

2,547



Preferred stock dividends

1,635

1,499



Unrealized foreign currency and derivative gains, net

(109,547)

(7,488)



Stock compensation expense

31,808

31,758



Losses on early extinguishment of debt and other, net

47,767

2,116

Adjusted EBITDA, consolidated*

$    947,293

$                    600,314









Reconciling items related to noncontrolling interests

(32,368)

(24,171)



Our share of reconciling items related to unconsolidated ventures

97,818

78,267

Adjusted EBITDA attributable to common stockholders/unitholders*

$1,012,743

$                    654,410




*

This is a non-GAAP financial measure. Please see our Notes and Definitions for further explanation

Adjusted EBITDA. We use Adjusted EBITDA attributable to common stockholders/unitholders ("Adjusted EBITDA"), a non-GAAP financial measure, as a measure of our operating performance. The most directly comparable GAAP measure to Adjusted EBITDA is net earnings.

We calculate Adjusted EBITDA beginning with consolidated net earnings attributable to common stockholders and removing the effect of:  interest expense, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, impairment charges, gains or losses from the disposition of investments in real estate (excluding development properties and land), gains from the revaluation of equity investments upon acquisition of a controlling interest, gains or losses on early extinguishment of debt and derivative contracts (including cash charges), similar adjustments we make to our FFO measures (see definition below), and other items, such as, stock based compensation and unrealized gains or losses on foreign currency and derivatives. We also include a pro forma adjustment to reflect a full period of NOI on the operating properties we acquire or stabilize during the quarter and to remove NOI on properties we dispose of during the quarter, assuming all transactions occurred at the beginning of the quarter. The pro forma adjustment also includes economic ownership changes in our ventures to reflect the full quarter at the new ownership percentage.

We believe Adjusted EBITDA provides investors relevant and useful information because it permits investors to view our operating performance, analyze our ability to meet interest payment obligations and make quarterly preferred stock dividends on an unleveraged basis before the effects of income tax, depreciation and amortization expense, gains and losses on the disposition of non-development properties and other items (outlined above), that affect comparability. While all items are not infrequent or unusual in nature, these items may result from market fluctuations that can have inconsistent effects on our results of operations. The economics underlying these items reflect market and financing conditions in the short-term but can obscure our performance and the value of our long-term investment decisions and strategies.

We calculate our Adjusted EBITDA, based on our proportionate ownership share of both our unconsolidated and consolidated ventures.  We reflect our share of our Adjusted EBITDA measures for unconsolidated ventures by applying our average ownership percentage for the period to the applicable reconciling items on an entity by entity basis.  We reflect our share for consolidated ventures in which we do not own 100% of the equity by adjusting our Adjusted EBITDA measures to remove the noncontrolling interests share of the applicable reconciling items based on our average ownership percentage for the applicable periods.

While we believe Adjusted EBITDA is an important measure, it should not be used alone because it excludes significant components of net earnings, such as our historical cash expenditures or future cash requirements for working capital, capital expenditures, distribution requirements, contractual commitments or interest and principal payments on our outstanding debt and is therefore limited as an analytical tool.

Our computation of Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to EBITDA reported by other companies in both the real estate industry and other industries. We compensate for the limitations of Adjusted EBITDA by providing investors with financial statements prepared according to GAAP, along with this detailed discussion of Adjusted EBITDA and a reconciliation to Adjusted EBITDA from consolidated net earnings attributable to common stockholders.

Business Line Reporting is a non-GAAP financial measure. Core FFO and development gains are generated by our three lines of business: (i) real estate operations; (ii) strategic capital; and (iii) development.  The real estate operations line of business represents total Prologis Core FFO, less the amount allocated to the Strategic Capital line of business.  The amount of Core FFO allocated to the Strategic Capital line of business represents the third party share of asset management fees, Net Promotes and transactional fees that we earn from our consolidated and unconsolidated co-investment ventures less costs directly associated to our strategic capital group.  Realized development gains include our share of gains on dispositions of development properties and land, net of taxes. To calculate the per share amount, the amount generated by each line of business is divided by the weighted average diluted common shares outstanding used in our Core FFO per share calculation. Management believes evaluating our results by line of business is a useful supplemental measure of our operating performance because it helps the investing public compare the operating performance of Prologis' respective businesses to other companies' comparable businesses. Prologis' computation of FFO by line of business may not be comparable to that reported by other real estate investment trusts as they may use different methodologies in computing such measures.

Calculation of Per Share Amounts



Three Months Ended



Mar. 31,


in thousands, except per share amount


2020



2019


Net earnings







Net earnings attributable to common stockholders

$

489,418


$

347,047


Noncontrolling interest attributable to exchangeable limited partnership units


14,049



10,657


Adjusted net earnings attributable to common stockholders - Diluted

$

503,467


$

357,704


Weighted average common shares outstanding - Basic


698,272



629,676


Incremental weighted average effect on exchange of limited partnership units


20,230



19,718


Incremental weighted average effect of equity awards


5,481



4,965


Weighted average common shares outstanding - Diluted


723,983



654,359


Net earnings per share - Basic

$

0.70


$

0.55


Net earnings per share - Diluted

$

0.70


$

0.55


Core FFO







Core FFO attributable to common stockholders/unitholders

$

599,219


$

474,251


Noncontrolling interest attributable to exchangeable limited partnership units


143



194


Core FFO attributable to common stockholders/unitholders - Diluted

$

599,362


$

474,445


Weighted average common shares outstanding - Basic


698,272



629,676


Incremental weighted average effect on exchange of limited partnership units


20,230



19,718


Incremental weighted average effect of equity awards


5,481



4,965


Weighted average common shares outstanding - Diluted


723,983



654,359


Core FFO per share - Diluted

$

0.83


$

0.73



Estimated Value Creation represents the value that we expect to create through our development and leasing activities. We calculate Estimated Value Creation by estimating the Stabilized NOI that the property will generate and applying a stabilized capitalization rate applicable to that property. Estimated Value Creation is calculated as the amount by which the value exceeds our TEI and does not include any fees or promotes we may earn. Estimated Value Creation for our Value-Added Properties that are sold includes the realized economic gain.

Estimated Weighted Average Margin is calculated on development properties as Estimated Value Creation, less estimated closing costs and taxes, if any, on properties expected to be sold or contributed, divided by TEI.

Estimated Weighted Average Stabilized Yield is calculated on the active properties in the Development Portfolio as Stabilized NOI divided by TEI. The yields were as follows:


Pre-Stabilized

Developments


2020 Expected Completion


2021 and Thereafter Expected
Completion


Total Development Portfolio


U.S.


6.5

%


6.1

%

-



6.2

%

Other Americas


8.9

%


7.1

%

-



7.9

%

Europe


6.0

%


5.5

%


6.5

%


5.7

%

Asia


6.2

%


5.6

%


5.4

%


5.5

%

Total


6.6

%


5.9

%


5.5

%


5.9

%

FFO, as modified by Prologis attributable to common stockholders/unitholders ("FFO, as modified by Prologis"); Core FFO attributable to common stockholders/unitholders ("Core FFO"); AFFO attributable to common stockholders/unitholders ("AFFO"); (collectively referred to as "FFO"). FFO is a non-GAAP financial measure that is commonly used in the real estate industry. The most directly comparable GAAP measure to FFO is net earnings.

The National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts ("NAREIT") defines FFO as earnings computed under GAAP to exclude historical cost depreciation and gains and losses from the sales, along with impairment charges, of previously depreciated properties. We also exclude the gains on revaluation of equity investments upon acquisition of a controlling interest and the gain recognized from a partial sale of our investment, as these are similar to gains from the sales of previously depreciated properties. We exclude similar adjustments from our unconsolidated entities and the third parties' share of our consolidated co-investment ventures.

Our FFO Measures

Our FFO measures begin with NAREIT's definition and we make certain adjustments to reflect our business and the way that management plans and executes our business strategy.  While not infrequent or unusual, the additional items we adjust for in calculating FFO, as modified by Prologis, Core FFO and AFFO, as defined below, are subject to significant fluctuations from period to period. Although these items may have a material impact on our operations and are reflected in our financial statements, the removal of the effects of these items allows us to better understand the core operating performance of our properties over the long term.  These items have both positive and negative short-term effects on our results of operations in inconsistent and unpredictable directions that are not relevant to our long-term outlook.

We calculate our FFO measures, as defined below, based on our proportionate ownership share of both our unconsolidated and consolidated ventures.  We reflect our share of our FFO measures for unconsolidated ventures by applying our average ownership percentage for the period to the applicable reconciling items on an entity by entity basis.  We reflect our share for consolidated ventures in which we do not own 100% of the equity by adjusting our FFO measures to remove the noncontrolling interests share of the applicable reconciling items based on our average ownership percentage for the applicable periods.

These FFO measures are used by management as supplemental financial measures of operating performance and we believe that it is important that stockholders, potential investors and financial analysts understand the measures management uses. We do not use our FFO measures as, nor should they be considered to be, alternatives to net earnings computed under GAAP, as indicators of our operating performance, as alternatives to cash from operating activities computed under GAAP or as indicators of our ability to fund our cash needs.

We analyze our operating performance principally by the rental revenues of our real estate and the revenues from our strategic capital business, net of operating, administrative and financing expenses. This income stream is not directly impacted by fluctuations in the market value of our investments in real estate or debt securities. 

FFO, as modified by Prologis

To arrive at FFO, as modified by Prologis, we adjust the NAREIT defined FFO measure to exclude the impact of foreign currency related items and deferred tax, specifically:

(i)

deferred income tax benefits and deferred income tax expenses recognized by our subsidiaries;

(ii)

current income tax expense related to acquired tax liabilities that were recorded as deferred tax liabilities in an acquisition, to the extent the expense is offset with a deferred income tax benefit in earnings that is excluded from our defined FFO measure;

(iii)

foreign currency exchange gains and losses resulting from (a) debt transactions between us and our foreign entities, (b) third-party debt that is used to hedge our investment in foreign entities, (c) derivative financial instruments related to any such debt transactions, and (d) mark-to-market adjustments associated with other derivative financial instruments.

We use FFO, as modified by Prologis, so that management, analysts and investors are able to evaluate our performance against other REITs that do not have similar operations or operations in jurisdictions outside the U.S.

Core FFO

In addition to FFO, as modified by Prologis, we also use Core FFO. To arrive at Core FFO, we adjust FFO, as modified by Prologis, to exclude the following recurring and nonrecurring items that we recognized directly in FFO, as modified by Prologis:

(i)

gains or losses from the disposition of land and development properties that were developed with the intent to contribute or sell;

(ii)

income tax expense related to the sale of investments in real estate;

(iii)

impairment charges recognized related to our investments in real estate generally as a result of our change in intent to contribute or sell these properties;

(iv)

gains or losses from the early extinguishment of debt and redemption and repurchase of preferred stock; and

(v)

expenses related to natural disasters.

We use Core FFO, including by segment and region, to: (i) assess our operating performance as compared to other real estate companies; (ii) evaluate our performance and the performance of our properties in comparison with expected results and results of previous periods; (iii) evaluate the performance of our management; (iv) budget and forecast future results to assist in the allocation of resources; (v) provide guidance to the financial markets to understand our expected operating performance; and (vi) evaluate how a specific potential investment will impact our future results.

AFFO

To arrive at AFFO, we adjust Core FFO to include realized gains from the disposition of land and development properties and recurring capital expenditures and exclude the following items that we recognize directly in Core FFO:

(i)

straight-line rents;

(ii)

amortization of above- and below-market lease intangibles;

(iii)

amortization of management contracts;

(iv)

amortization of debt premiums and discounts and financing costs, net of amounts capitalized, and;

(v)

stock compensation expense.

We use AFFO to (i) assess our operating performance as compared to other real estate companies, (ii) evaluate our performance and the performance of our properties in comparison with expected results and results of previous periods, (iii) evaluate the performance of our management, (iv) budget and forecast future results to assist in the allocation of resources, and (v) evaluate how a specific potential investment will impact our future results.

Limitations on the use of our FFO measures

While we believe our modified FFO measures are important supplemental measures, neither NAREIT's nor our measures of FFO should be used alone because they exclude significant economic components of net earnings computed under GAAP and are, therefore, limited as an analytical tool. Accordingly, these are only a few of the many measures we use when analyzing our business.  Some of the limitations are:

  • The current income tax expenses that are excluded from our modified FFO measures represent the taxes and transaction costs that are payable.
  • Depreciation and amortization of real estate assets are economic costs that are excluded from FFO. FFO is limited, as it does not reflect the cash requirements that may be necessary for future replacements of the real estate assets. Furthermore, the amortization of capital expenditures and leasing costs necessary to maintain the operating performance of logistics facilities are not reflected in FFO.
  • Gains or losses from non-development property dispositions and impairment charges related to expected dispositions represent changes in value of the properties. By excluding these gains and losses, FFO does not capture realized changes in the value of disposed properties arising from changes in market conditions.
  • The deferred income tax benefits and expenses that are excluded from our modified FFO measures result from the creation of a deferred income tax asset or liability that may have to be settled at some future point. Our modified FFO measures do not currently reflect any income or expense that may result from such settlement.
  • The foreign currency exchange gains and losses that are excluded from our modified FFO measures are generally recognized based on movements in foreign currency exchange rates through a specific point in time. The ultimate settlement of our foreign currency-denominated net assets is indefinite as to timing and amount. Our FFO measures are limited in that they do not reflect the current period changes in these net assets that result from periodic foreign currency exchange rate movements.
  • The gains and losses on extinguishment of debt or preferred stock that we exclude from our Core FFO, may provide a benefit or cost to us as we may be settling our obligation at less or more than our future obligation.
  • The natural disaster expenses that we exclude from Core FFO are costs that we have incurred.

We compensate for these limitations by using our FFO measures only in conjunction with net earnings computed under GAAP when making our decisions. This information should be read with our complete Consolidated Financial Statements prepared under GAAP. To assist investors in compensating for these limitations, we reconcile our modified FFO measures to our net earnings computed under GAAP.

Guidance. The following is a reconciliation of our annual guided Net Earnings per share to our guided Core FFO per share:





Low 

High

Net Earnings (a)

$1.81

$1.88

Our share of:



  Depreciation and amortization

2.20

2.23

  Net gains on real estate transactions, net of taxes

(0.38)

(0.38)

  Unrealized foreign currency gains and other, net 

(0.08)

(0.08)

Core FFO

$3.55

$3.65



(a)

Earnings guidance includes potential future gains recognized from real estate transactions, but excludes future foreign currency or derivative gains or losses as these items are difficult to predict.

Prologis Share represents our proportionate economic ownership of each entity included in our total owned and managed portfolio whether consolidated or unconsolidated.

Rent Change (Cash) represents the percentage change in starting rental rates per the lease agreement, on new and renewed leases, commenced during the period compared with the previous ending rental rates in that same space. This measure excludes any short-term leases of less than one-year, holdover payments, free rent periods and introductory (teaser rates) defined as 50% or less of the stabilized rate.

Rent Change (Net Effective) represents the percentage change in net effective rental rates (average rate over the lease term), on new and renewed leases, commenced during the period compared with the previous net effective rental rates in that same space. This measure excludes any short-term leases of less than one year and holdover payments.

Retention is the square footage of all leases commenced during the period that are rented by existing tenants divided by the square footage of all expiring and in-place leases during the reporting period. The square footage of tenants that default or buy-out prior to expiration of their lease and short-term leases of less than one year, are not included in the calculation.

Same Store. Our same store metrics are non-GAAP financial measures, which are commonly used in the real estate industry and expected from the financial community, on both a net effective and cash basis. We evaluate the performance of the operating properties we own and manage using a "same store" analysis because the population of properties in this analysis is consistent from period to period, which allows us and investors to analyze our ongoing business operations. We determine our same store metrics on property NOI, which is calculated as rental revenue less rental expense for the applicable properties in the same store population for both consolidated and unconsolidated properties based on our ownership interest, as further defined below.

We define our same store population for the three months ended March 31, 2020 as the properties in our Owned and Managed operating portfolio, including the property NOI for both consolidated properties and properties owned by the unconsolidated co-investment ventures at January 1, 2019 and owned throughout the same three-month period in both 2019 and 2020. We believe the drivers of property NOI for the consolidated portfolio are generally the same for the properties owned by the ventures in which we invest and therefore we evaluate the same store metrics of the Owned and Managed portfolio based on Prologis' ownership in the properties ("Prologis Share"). The same store population excludes properties held for sale to third parties, along with development properties that were not stabilized at the beginning of the period (January 1, 2019) and properties acquired or disposed of to third parties during the period. To derive an appropriate measure of period-to-period operating performance, we remove the effects of foreign currency exchange rate movements by using the reported period-end exchange rate to translate from local currency into the U.S. dollar, for both periods.

As non-GAAP financial measures, the same store metrics have certain limitations as an analytical tool and may vary among real estate companies. As a result, we provide a reconciliation of Rental Revenues less Rental Expenses ("Property NOI") (from our Consolidated Financial Statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP) to our Same Store Property NOI measures, as follows:


Three Months Ended




Mar. 31,


dollars in thousands

2020


2019


Change (%)


Reconciliation of Consolidated Property NOI to Same Store Property NOI measures:










Rental revenues

$

878,807


$

696,807





Rental expenses


(227,618)



(188,068)





Consolidated Property NOI

$

651,189


$

508,739





Adjustments to derive same store results:











Property NOI from consolidated properties not included in same store portfolio and other adjustments (a)


(176,978)



(35,312)






Property NOI from unconsolidated co-investment ventures included in same store portfolio (a)(b)


486,909



470,932






Third parties' share of Property NOI from properties included in same store portfolio (a)(b)


(389,405)



(388,460)





Prologis Share of Same Store Property NOI – Net Effective (b)

$

571,715


$

555,899



2.8

%


Consolidated properties straight-line rent and fair value lease adjustments included in the same store portfolio (c)


(7,516)



(17,321)






Unconsolidated co-investment ventures straight-line rent and fair value lease adjustments included in the same store portfolio (c)


(8,564)



(10,389)






Third parties' share of straight-line rent and fair value lease adjustments included in the same store portfolio (b)(c)


6,429



9,267





Prologis Share of Same Store Property NOI – Cash (b)(c)

$

562,064


$

537,456



4.6

%



(a)

We exclude properties held for sale to third parties, along with development properties that were not stabilized at the beginning of the period and properties acquired or disposed of to third parties during the period. We also exclude net termination and renegotiation fees to allow us to evaluate the growth or decline in each property's rental revenues without regard to one-time items that are not indicative of the property's recurring operating performance. Net termination and renegotiation fees represent the gross fee negotiated to allow a customer to terminate or renegotiate their lease, offset by the write-off of the asset recorded due to the adjustment to straight-line rents over the lease term. Same Store Property NOI is adjusted to include an allocation of property management expenses for our consolidated properties based on the property management services provided to each property (generally, based on a percentage of revenues). On consolidation, these amounts are eliminated and the actual costs of providing property management services are recognized as part of our consolidated rental expense.

(b)

We include the Property NOI for the same store portfolio for both consolidated properties and properties owned by the co-investment ventures based on our investment in the underlying properties. In order to calculate our share of Same Store Property NOI from the co-investment ventures in which we own less than 100%, we use the co-investment ventures' underlying Property NOI for the same store portfolio and apply our ownership percentage at March 31, 2020 to the Property NOI for both periods, including the properties contributed during the period. We adjust the total Property NOI from the same store portfolio of the co-investment ventures by subtracting the third parties' share of both consolidated and unconsolidated co-investment ventures.


During the periods presented, certain wholly owned properties were contributed to a co-investment venture and are included in the same store portfolio. Neither our consolidated results nor those of the co-investment ventures, when viewed individually, would be comparable on a same store basis because of the changes in composition of the respective portfolios from period to period (e.g. the results of a contributed property are included in our consolidated results through the contribution date and in the results of the venture subsequent to the contribution date based on our ownership interest at the end of the period). As a result, only line items labeled "Prologis Share of Same Store Property NOI" are comparable period over period.

(c)

We further remove certain noncash items (straight-line rent and amortization of fair value lease adjustments) included in the financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP to reflect a Same Store Property NOI – Cash measure. We manage our business and compensate our executives based on the same store results of our Owned and Managed portfolio at 100% as we manage our portfolio on an ownership blind basis. We calculate those results by including 100% of the properties included in our same store portfolio.

Weighted Average Interest Rate is based on the effective rate, which includes the amortization of related premiums and discounts and finance costs. 

Weighted Average Stabilized Capitalization ("Cap") Rate is calculated as Stabilized NOI divided by the Acquisition Price. 

Prologis. (PRNewsFoto/Prologis, Inc.) (PRNewsFoto/Prologis, Inc.)

 

Cision

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SOURCE Prologis, Inc.