A shadowy new missile soon could arm some of the oldest, and some of the newest, ships in the Russian fleet.
The Kremlin has announced it plans to add the Zircon hypersonic anti-ship missile to at least six vessels in the Northern and Pacific Fleets.
They include both of the enormous Kirov-class nuclear battlecruisers, a destroyer, a frigate, a corvette and a guided-missile submarine. More ships could get the Zircon in coming years -- assuming, of course, the new weapon works as advertised.
The Kremlin has released very little information about the Zircon. In his state-of-the-nation address in February 2019, Russian president Vladimir Putin said the Zircon missile was capable of traveling as fast as Mach 9 over a distance of more than 600 miles to strike sea and land targets.
The new missile, which in official artwork appears to share design elements with the U.S. military’s experimental Waverider missile, is compatible with the same 3S-14 vertical launch system that also fires Kalibr land-attack missiles and Oniks anti-ship missiles.
The 3S-14 roughly is similar to the U.S. Navy’s Mark 41 vertical-launch system that fires a wide array of air-defense, missile-defense, anti-ship and land-attack missiles.
Owing to their high speed, hypersonic weapons could complicate efforts by target vessels to intercept or evade attack. It’s not for no reason that the U.S. Navy is moving quickly to deploy increasingly powerful lasers on its ships. Lasers could be some of the few defensive systems that can react fast enough to intercept an incoming hypersonic missile.
Zircon could represent a major advancement in missile technology, so it’s no surprise that its development has been troubled. The munition was scheduled for testing in 2017 but that date slipped to late 2019.
The first ship to launch a Zircon could be the brand-new, first-in-class frigate Admiral Gorshkov. The Northern Fleet frigate is slated to test Zircon by the end of 2019, according to Russia’s state-run media organization TASS.
Meanwhile, the Russian navy plans to add Zircons to the new Baltic Fleet corvette Gremyashchiy as well as to the Udaloy-class destroyer Marshal Shaposhnikov and the Oscar-class guided-missile submarine Irkutsk, both with the Pacific Fleet, TASS reported.