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Will SigmaTron International Inc (NASDAQ:SGMA) Continue To Underperform Its Industry?

James Harlett

This article is intended for those of you who are at the beginning of your investing journey and want a simplistic look at the return on SigmaTron International Inc (NASDAQ:SGMA) stock.

SigmaTron International Inc’s (NASDAQ:SGMA) most recent return on equity was a substandard 3.81% relative to its industry performance of 10.81% over the past year. SGMA’s results could indicate a relatively inefficient operation to its peers, and while this may be the case, it is important to understand what ROE is made up of and how it should be interpreted. Knowing these components could change your view on SGMA’s performance. I will take you through how metrics such as financial leverage impact ROE which may affect the overall sustainability of SGMA’s returns. See our latest analysis for SigmaTron International

Breaking down Return on Equity

Return on Equity (ROE) weighs SigmaTron International’s profit against the level of its shareholders’ equity. For example, if the company invests $1 in the form of equity, it will generate $0.038 in earnings from this. Generally speaking, a higher ROE is preferred; however, there are other factors we must also consider before making any conclusions.

Return on Equity = Net Profit ÷ Shareholders Equity

Returns are usually compared to costs to measure the efficiency of capital. SigmaTron International’s cost of equity is 16.19%. Given a discrepancy of -12.38% between return and cost, this indicated that SigmaTron International may be paying more for its capital than what it’s generating in return. ROE can be dissected into three distinct ratios: net profit margin, asset turnover, and financial leverage. This is called the Dupont Formula:

Dupont Formula

ROE = profit margin × asset turnover × financial leverage

ROE = (annual net profit ÷ sales) × (sales ÷ assets) × (assets ÷ shareholders’ equity)

ROE = annual net profit ÷ shareholders’ equity

NasdaqCM:SGMA Last Perf June 27th 18

The first component is profit margin, which measures how much of sales is retained after the company pays for all its expenses. Asset turnover shows how much revenue SigmaTron International can generate with its current asset base. Finally, financial leverage will be our main focus today. It shows how much of assets are funded by equity and can show how sustainable the company’s capital structure is. Since ROE can be artificially increased through excessive borrowing, we should check SigmaTron International’s historic debt-to-equity ratio. The debt-to-equity ratio currently stands at a sensible 73.18%, meaning the ROE is a result of its capacity to produce profit growth without a huge debt burden.

NasdaqCM:SGMA Historical Debt June 27th 18

Next Steps:

While ROE is a relatively simple calculation, it can be broken down into different ratios, each telling a different story about the strengths and weaknesses of a company. SigmaTron International exhibits a weak ROE against its peers, as well as insufficient levels to cover its own cost of equity this year. However, ROE is not likely to be inflated by excessive debt funding, giving shareholders more conviction in the sustainability of returns, which has headroom to increase further. ROE is a helpful signal, but it is definitely not sufficient on its own to make an investment decision.

For SigmaTron International, I’ve put together three pertinent aspects you should further research:

  1. Financial Health: Does it have a healthy balance sheet? Take a look at our free balance sheet analysis with six simple checks on key factors like leverage and risk.
  2. Future Earnings: How does SigmaTron International’s growth rate compare to its peers and the wider market? Dig deeper into the analyst consensus number for the upcoming years by interacting with our free analyst growth expectation chart.
  3. Other High-Growth Alternatives : Are there other high-growth stocks you could be holding instead of SigmaTron International? Explore our interactive list of stocks with large growth potential to get an idea of what else is out there you may be missing!


To help readers see pass the short term volatility of the financial market, we aim to bring you a long-term focused research analysis purely driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis does not factor in the latest price sensitive company announcements.

The author is an independent contributor and at the time of publication had no position in the stocks mentioned.