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Southwest (LUV) Q2 Earnings Beat, Q3 & 2019 Cost View Dull

Zacks Equity Research

Southwest Airlines Co. LUV delivered second-quarter 2019 earnings per share of $1.37, beating the Zacks Consensus Estimate of $1.35. Moreover, the bottom-line improved year over year despite higher costs from the MAX groundings.

Operating revenues of $5,909 million lagged the Zacks Consensus Estimate of $5,933.2 million. However, the top line inched up 2.9% year over year. Passenger revenues accounting for bulk (92.8%) of the top line also improved 2.4% year over year.

The revenue miss perhaps displeased investors. Consequently, shares of the company were down in early trading.

Operating Statistics

Airline traffic, measured in revenue passenger miles, dipped 1.7% year over year to 34.53 billion in the quarter under review. Also, capacity or available seat miles (ASMs) contracted 3.6% to 39.98 billion on account of the MAX groundings. However, load factor (percentage of seats filled by passengers) came in at 86.4%, up 170 basis points on a year-over-year basis as capacity contracted more than the decrease in traffic.

Passenger revenue per available seat mile (PRASM: a key measure of unit revenues) increased 6.3% to 13.72 cents. Moreover, in the reported quarter, revenue per available seat mile (RASM) rose 6.8% year over year to 14.78 cents owing to 4.2% increase in passenger revenue yield and revenue management strategies among other factors.

Southwest Airlines Co. Price, Consensus and EPS Surprise

Operating Expenses & Income

In the second quarter, operating income (excluding special items) totaled $968 million compared with $972 million in the year-earlier period. The Boeing 737 MAX 8 grounding affected operating income to the tune of $175 million. Further, total adjusted operating expenses (excluding profit sharing, fuel and oil expense plus special items) climbed 6.8% year over year. The increase in costs was due to the groundings and the resultant lower capacity during the quarter.

Fuel price per gallon (inclusive of fuel tax: economic) was down 3.6% year over year to $2.13. However, consolidated unit cost or cost per available seat mile (CASM) excluding fuel, oil and special items increased 10.7% year over year to 9.52 cents. The Boeing 737 MAX groundings pushed up costs. In fact, the scenario is likely to persist through the second half of the year.


This Zacks Rank #3 (Hold) company had cash and cash equivalents of $2,446 million at the end of the second quarter compared with $1,854 million at the end of 2018. As of Jun 30, 2019, the company had a long-term debt (less current maturities) of $2,449 million compared with $2,771 million at 2018 end. You can see the complete list of today’s Zacks #1 Rank (Strong Buy) stocks here.

While the carrier generated a free cash flow of $736 million during the second quarter, it returned $548 million to its shareholders through $98 million in dividends and $450 million via share repurchases.

Q3 Outlook

Southwest anticipates RASM to ascend 3-5% year over year in the third quarter. Among other factors, lower capacity during the current quarter from the MAX groundings account for this bullish forecast. Economic fuel costs are envisioned in the range of $2.05-$2.15 per gallon, much lower than $2.25 reported in the third quarter of 2018.

As a result of the grounding of the Boeing 737 MAX 8, the most fuel-efficient aircraft in the carrier’s fleet, fuel efficiency is estimated to slid 1-2% in the third quarter. Moreover, CASM — excluding fuel and oil expense and profitsharing expense — is estimated to augment 9-11% in the ongoing quarter compared to that achieved in the year-ago period. Previously (before the MAX groundings), the metric was anticipated to increase approximately 2% year over year. The bearish forecast is due to lower capacity from the above-mentioned headwind.

2019 Outlook

Due to delays in the Boeing 737 MAX aircraft’s return to service, Southwest now anticipates 2019 capacity or ASMs to slip 1-2% year over year compared with 5% increase expected earlier. The carrier is taking measures to mitigate this adversity and optimize its resources. To this end, it will cease operations at Newark Liberty International Airport. Consequently, the airline’s New York City presence will be consolidated at New York LaGuardia Airport, starting Nov 3, 2019.

Moreover, CASM — excluding fuel and oil expense and profitsharing expense — is expected to expand in the band of 8-10% year over year compared with a rise of 5.5-6.5% estimated previously. This includes an approximate six-point negative impact from lower capacity due to the groundings. Meanwhile, effective tax rate is projected at approximately 23.5% in the current year.

Upcoming Releases

Investors interested in the broader Transportation sector are keenly awaiting second-quarter earnings reports from key players, such as Expeditors International of Washington, Inc. EXPD, Air Lease Corporation AL and Hertz Global Holdings, Inc HTZ. While Expeditors and Hertz will report quarterly earnings numbers on Aug 6, Air Lease will announce the same on Aug 8.

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Click to get this free report Southwest Airlines Co. (LUV) : Free Stock Analysis Report Air Lease Corporation (AL) : Free Stock Analysis Report Expeditors International of Washington, Inc. (EXPD) : Free Stock Analysis Report Hertz Global Holdings, Inc (HTZ) : Free Stock Analysis Report To read this article on Zacks.com click here. Zacks Investment Research