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Target, Like Walmart, Proves Main Engine of Economy Is Humming

Matthew Boyle
Target, Like Walmart, Proves Main Engine of Economy Is Humming

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Recession fears may be mounting in certain parts of the U.S. economy, but Walmart Inc. and Target Corp. are signaling that the all-important American consumer is doing just fine.

The big-box discount retailers both beat sales expectations for the second quarter and raised their profit guidance for the full year, shrugging off concerns about tariffs, encroachment from Amazon.com Inc. and dispiriting results from retail peers like Macy’s Inc., J.C. Penney Co. and Kohl’s Corp. Paired with bullish comments on the U.S. housing market this week from Home Depot Inc. and Lowe’s Corp., the outlook heading into the critical holiday period looks brighter.

“The consumer economy continues to motor along nicely,” said Neil Saunders, an analyst at Global DataRetail. “Home improvement is an early indicator of economic distress and from Home Depot’s numbers, there was no sign that the consumer is in a tailspin. Target and Walmart, both bellwethers for mainstream America, point to the same conclusion.”

Standing Out

Walmart, Target and Home Depot -- along with a few other recent star performers like Costco Wholesale Corp. and Best Buy Co., who report in the coming weeks -- have stood out by nailing the fundamentals of retail: price, assortment and convenience. Their products are affordable, with enough new stuff to keep people coming back, along with plenty of online buying options that appeal to busy shoppers. Plus their size and clout give them a leg up in negotiating tariff impacts with suppliers that smaller rivals don’t have.

Take Target, which is remodeling 300 stores this year and has introduced about two dozen private and exclusive brands in key categories like apparel, home decor and booze. Or Walmart, which has figured out curbside fulfillment of grocery orders and will start offering in-home deliveries directly to shoppers’ fridges this fall. Those offers make them unique in the sea of sameness that has let Amazon and digital upstarts grab market share from other retailers in recent years.

Target shares surged as much as 19% to a record high after reporting results Wednesday. Lowe’s rose as much as 13%, the biggest intraday jump since 2008.

Target debt also rallied and credit protection costs fell as bond investors grew more optimistic about the company’s financial strength. The cost to protect Target debt in the credit default swaps market for five years declined as much as 4.9 basis points to 26.5 basis points, the biggest drop since 2016, according to data provider CMA.

Stable Consumer

A recent survey of shoppers from analysts at Stifel confirms the appeal of Target and its discount brethren. More than eight out of 10 shoppers polled in late July said they plan to shop at Walmart in the next month, up from 71% who said the same two years ago. Target enjoyed a similar rate of increase in so-called shopping intention. More than one-quarter of consumers said they plan to spend more on discretionary items -- stuff they want but don’t necessarily need -- in the coming months, well above the 16% average over the past seven years.

“Our data suggests the U.S. consumer remains strong,” Stifel’s Mark Astrachan said in a note. Household spending accounts for about two-thirds of the economy.

Retail-industry leaders echoed that sentiment. “We see a very stable and healthy consumer environment,” Target Chief Executive Officer Brian Cornell said on a call with reporters after the earnings release. Lowe’s CEO Marvin Ellison said Wednesday that the home-improvement retailer’s gains in the quarter reflected “a solid macroeconomic backdrop,” while Walmart’s finance chief Brett Biggs said last week that American consumers were in “relatively good shape.”

U.S. retail sales rose 0.7% in July, the most in four months, according to the Commerce Department. The result topped all estimates in a Bloomberg survey of economists.

Department-Store Doom

Still, some retailers are floundering. Traditional department-store chains like Macy’s and J.C. Penney turned in a dour set of results, and the next round of tariffs on Chinese goods -- poised to hit nearly all apparel -- could send them reeling even more. A levy on department-store staples like handbags already went into effect, with the vast majority of other products slated for hikes later this year, even after a partial reprieve.

Target said that reprieve on the latest round of tariffs will delay their impact to the first quarter of 2020.

“This is largely a 2020 issue,” Cornell said on a call with analysts Wednesday.

It’s not just tariffs: Unfavorable weather in the early spring kept shoppers from buying summer swimsuits and outdoor gear, pummeling performance for the stores that rely on those seasonal products. To goose sales, both Macy’s and J.C. Penney have inked deals with online consignment outlet thredUP, which reflects the weak demand for the fashions currently on their racks. Shoppers have already gone elsewhere, particularly younger ones.

The bottom line is that consumers are still spending, but they’re getting more choosy and cautious, which is why even discounter TJX Cos. posted a rare stumble after failing to freshen up the assortment at its HomeGoods chain, forcing it to discount items. The miss at what’s traditionally an earnings standout showed how little margin for error there is in today’s unforgiving retail world.

(Adds bond performance in seventh paragraph and July U.S. retail sales in 11th.)

--With assistance from Cécile Daurat.

To contact the reporter on this story: Matthew Boyle in New York at mboyle20@bloomberg.net

To contact the editors responsible for this story: Anne Riley Moffat at ariley17@bloomberg.net, Lisa Wolfson

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