The content of this article will benefit those of you who are starting to educate yourself about investing in the stock market and want to start learning about core concepts of fundamental analysis on practical examples from today’s market.
Gravity Co Ltd (NASDAQ:GRVY) is trading with a trailing P/E of 7.6x, which is lower than the industry average of 51.9x. Although some investors may jump to the conclusion that this is a great buying opportunity, understanding the assumptions behind the P/E ratio might change your mind. Today, I will explain what the P/E ratio is as well as what you should look out for when using it.
Breaking down the P/E ratio
A common ratio used for relative valuation is the P/E ratio. It compares a stock’s price per share to the stock’s earnings per share. A more intuitive way of understanding the P/E ratio is to think of it as how much investors are paying for each dollar of the company’s earnings.
P/E Calculation for GRVY
Price-Earnings Ratio = Price per share ÷ Earnings per share
GRVY Price-Earnings Ratio = ₩19355.59 ÷ ₩2555.519 = 7.6x
The P/E ratio isn’t a metric you view in isolation and only becomes useful when you compare it against other similar companies. We preferably want to compare the stock’s P/E ratio to the average of companies that have similar features to GRVY, such as capital structure and profitability. A quick method of creating a peer group is to use companies in the same industry, which is what I will do. Since GRVY’s P/E of 7.6 is lower than its industry peers (51.9), it means that investors are paying less for each dollar of GRVY’s earnings. This multiple is a median of profitable companies of 24 Software companies in US including ZIM, Alfa Financial Software Holdings and Avaya Holdings. One could put it like this: the market is pricing GRVY as if it is a weaker company than the average company in its industry.
Assumptions to watch out for
However, there are two important assumptions you should be aware of. Firstly, our peer group contains companies that are similar to GRVY. If this isn’t the case, the difference in P/E could be due to other factors. For example, if you compared higher growth firms with GRVY, then its P/E would naturally be lower since investors would reward its peers’ higher growth with a higher price. The second assumption that must hold true is that the stocks we are comparing GRVY to are fairly valued by the market. If this does not hold, there is a possibility that GRVY’s P/E is lower because our peer group is overvalued by the market.
What this means for you:
You may have already conducted fundamental analysis on the stock as a shareholder, so its current undervaluation could signal a good buying opportunity to increase your exposure to GRVY. Now that you understand the ins and outs of the PE metric, you should know to bear in mind its limitations before you make an investment decision. Remember that basing your investment decision off one metric alone is certainly not sufficient. There are many things I have not taken into account in this article and the PE ratio is very one-dimensional. If you have not done so already, I urge you to complete your research by taking a look at the following:
- Future Outlook: What are well-informed industry analysts predicting for GRVY’s future growth? Take a look at our free research report of analyst consensus for GRVY’s outlook.
- Past Track Record: Has GRVY been consistently performing well irrespective of the ups and downs in the market? Go into more detail in the past performance analysis and take a look at the free visual representations of GRVY’s historicals for more clarity.
- Other High-Performing Stocks: Are there other stocks that provide better prospects with proven track records? Explore our free list of these great stocks here.
To help readers see past the short term volatility of the financial market, we aim to bring you a long-term focused research analysis purely driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis does not factor in the latest price-sensitive company announcements.
The author is an independent contributor and at the time of publication had no position in the stocks mentioned. For errors that warrant correction please contact the editor at firstname.lastname@example.org.