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Ternium Announces Second Quarter and First Half 2019 Results

LUXEMBOURG / ACCESSWIRE / July 30, 2019 / Ternium S.A. (TX) today announced its results for the second quarter and first half period that ended June 30, 2019.

The financial and operational information contained in this press release is based on Ternium S.A.’s operational data and consolidated condensed interim financial statements prepared in accordance with IAS 34 “Interim financial reporting” (IFRS) and presented in US dollars (USD) and metric tons.

Summary of Second Quarter 2019 Results

2Q 2019 1Q 2019 2Q 2018
Steel Shipments (tons)
3,333,000 3,205,000 4 % 3,322,000 0 %
Iron Ore Shipments (tons)
835,000 920,000 -9 % 916,000 -9 %
Net Sales ($ million)
2,813.4 2,785.3 1 % 3,022.4 -7 %
Operating Income ($ million)
238.3 307.5 -23 % 570.5 -58 %
EBITDA1 ($ million)
410.0 473.6 -13 % 724.9 -43 %
EBITDA Margin (% of net sales)
14.6 % 17.0 % -240 bps 24.0 % -940 bps
EBITDA2 per Ton ($)
123.0 147.8 -17 % 218.2 -44 %
Financial (Expense) Income, Net ($ million)
(5.5 ) (25.7 ) (101.5 )
Income Tax Expense ($ million)
(47.3 ) (72.5 ) (192.2 )
Net Income ($ million)
205.7 224.2 289.3
Equity Holders' Net Income ($ million)
181.1 217.8 293.7
Earnings per ADS3 ($)
0.92 1.11 1.50
  • EBITDA of $410.0 million, 13% lower sequentially, with lower EBITDA margin and higher shipments.
  • Earnings per ADS (EPADS) of $0.92, a sequential decrease of $0.19.
  • Capital expenditures of $273.9 million, up from $211.3 million in the first quarter 2019.
  • Dividends paid to shareholders and non-controlling interest of $265.2 million in the second quarter 2019.
  • Net debt position4 of $1.7 billion at the end of June 2019, a $0.3 billion increase in the second quarter 2019 and equivalent to 0.8 times net debt to last twelve months EBITDA.

Ternium’s operating income in the second quarter 2019 was $238.3 million, reflecting a sequential decrease in operating margin, partially offset by a gradual recovery of shipments in the Argentine flat steel market and an increase of slab sales to third parties. Operating income in the second quarter 2019 decreased $69.2 million sequentially, mainly due to a $27 decrease in steel revenue per ton, partially offset by a 128,000-ton increase in steel shipments. Revenue per ton decreased mainly reflecting lower steel prices in most of Ternium's steel markets. The increase in steel volume was mostly the result of a 66,000-ton increase in the Southern Region and a 57,000-ton increase in Other Markets mainly reflecting higher slab shipments to third parties.

Compared to the second quarter 2018, the company’s operating income in the second quarter 2019 decreased $332.3 million, due mainly to an year-over-year $59 decrease in steel revenue per ton and $33 increase in the steel segment’s operating cost per ton5. Revenue per ton decreased mainly as a result of lower steel prices in most markets. The increase in the steel segment's operating cost per ton mainly reflected higher raw material and transportation costs, higher taxes, and higher depreciation and amortization, partially offset by lower labor costs and maintenance expenses.

The company’s net income in the second quarter 2019 was $205.7 million. Compared to net income of $224.2 million in the first quarter 2019, net income in the second quarter 2019 decreased $18.4 million mainly due to lower operating income, partially offset by better financial results and lower effective tax rate.

Relative to the prior-year-period, net income in the second quarter 2019 decreased $83.5 million mainly due to lower operating income, partially offset by better financial results and a lower effective tax rate.

Summary of First Half 2019 Results

1H 2019 1H 2018
Steel Shipments (tons)
6,537,000 6,844,000 -4 %
Iron Ore Shipments (tons)
1,755,000 1,845,000 -5 %
Net Sales ($ million)
5,598.7 5,819.4 -4 %
Operating Income ($ million)
545.7 1,016.7 -46 %
EBITDA6 ($ million)
883.6 1,328.4 -33 %
EBITDA Margin (% of net sales)
15.8 % 22.8 %
EBITDA per Ton ($)
135.2 194.1
Financial (Expense) Income, Net ($ million)
(31.2 ) (150.4 )
Income Tax Expense ($ million)
(119.8 ) (232.8 )
Net Income ($ million)
429.9 665.9
Equity Holders' Net Income ($ million)
398.9 632.5
Earnings per ADS ($)
2.03 3.22
  • EBITDA of $883.6 million, 33% lower year-over-year, with lower EBITDA margin and shipments.
  • Earnings per ADS of $2.03, a year-over-year decrease of $1.19.
  • Capital expenditures of $485.1 million, up from $229.6 million in the first half 2018 as Ternium's investment program progresses as planned.
  • Free cash flow7 of $264.4 million in the first half 2019.

Ternium’s operating income in the first half 2019 was $545.7 million, decreasing $471.0 million year-over-year, mainly due to a $71 increase in steel cost per ton and lower shipments reflecting a 364,000-ton decrease in Mexico and a 299,000-ton decrease in the Southern Region, partially offset by a 356,000-ton increase in Other Markets. The volume decrease in Mexico was mainly due to a soft commercial market in 2019 and a high base of comparison, as shipments in the first half 2018 were strong as a result of a rising steel prices environment. In the Southern Region, shipments were affected in the first half 2019 by a combination of weaker steel demand and a destocking process in the value chain. Shipments of slabs to third parties increased in the year-over-year comparison in the Other Markets region. The increase in the steel segment's operating cost per ton mainly reflected higher purchased slabs, raw material and energy costs, higher depreciation and amortization, higher maintenance and transportation expenses, and higher taxes.

The company’s net income in the first half 2019 was $429.9 million, compared to net income of $665.9 million in the first half 2018. The $236.0 million decrease year-over-year was mainly due to lower operating income, partially offset by better financial results and a lower effective tax rate.

Outlook

Ternium expects EBITDA to decrease in the third quarter 2019 compared to the second quarter 2019 due to a steel margin that will be below historical long term trends and lower shipments. The main factor affecting the company’s EBITDA in the third quarter of the year will be sequentially lower shipments of slabs to third parties with low margins.

The company anticipates steel shipments in Mexico to gradually recover during the second half 2019, reaching higher levels than those reported for the second half 2018. In addition, Ternium expects realized steel prices in Mexico to decrease, as the lagged reset of contract prices for industrial customers during the third quarter 2019 will reflect the steel price downturn during the second quarter 2019. This should be partially offset by the recent rebound of prices on sales to the commercial markets.

In Argentina, Ternium anticipates an additional sequential increase in steel shipments in the third quarter 2019 due to an improvement in the domestic steel market.

Analysis of Second Quarter 2019 Results

Net gain attributable to Ternium’s equity owners in the second quarter 2019 was $181.1 million, compared to net gain attributable to Ternium’s equity owners of $293.7 million in the second quarter 2018. Including non-controlling interest, net gain for the second quarter 2019 was $205.7 million, compared to net gain of $289.3 million in the second quarter 2018. Earnings per ADS in the second quarter 2019 were $0.92, compared to earnings per ADS of $1.50 in the second quarter 2018.

Net sales in the second quarter 2019 were $2.8 billion, or 7% lower than net sales in the second quarter 2018. The following table outlines Ternium’s consolidated net sales for the second quarter 2019 and the second quarter 2018:

Net Sales (million $)
2Q 2019 2Q 2018 Dif.
Mexico
1,370.6 1,657.4 -17 %
Southern Region
484.9 478.5 1 %
Other Markets
872.2 778.0 12 %
Total steel products net sales
2,727.7 2,913.9 -6 %
Other products1
85.7 107.9 -21 %
Steel segment net sales
2,813.4 3,021.8 -7 %
Mining segment net sales
76.8 73.7 4 %
Intersegment eliminations
(76.8 ) (73.1 )
Net sales
2,813.4 3,022.4 -7 %

1 The item "Other products" primarily includes Ternium Brasil’s and Ternium México’s electricity sales.

Cost of sales was $2.3 billion in the second quarter 2019, an increase of $112.6 million compared to the second quarter 2018. This was principally due to a $114.8 million, or 7%, increase in raw material and consumables used mainly reflecting higher raw materials and energy costs per ton partially offset by a $2.2 million decrease in other costs, including a $9.8 million decrease in labor costs, a $3.2 decrease in services and fees and a $2.3 million decrease in maintenance, partially offset by higher charges of depreciation of property, plant and equipment.

Selling, General & Administrative (SG&A) expenses in the second quarter 2019 were $250.4 million, or 8.9% of net sales, an increase of $16.5 million compared to SG&A expenses in the second quarter 2018, mainly due to a $10.9 million increase in freight and transportation expenses, a $9.7 million increase in taxes and a $5.9 million increase in amortization of intangible assets partially offset by a $9.4 million decrease in labor costs.

Operating income in the second quarter 2019 was $238.3 million, or 8.5% of net sales, compared to operating income of $570.5 million, or 18.9% of net sales in the second quarter 2018. The following table outlines Ternium’s operating income by segment for the second quarter 2019 and second quarter 2018:

Steel segment Mining segment
Intersegment
eliminations
Total
$ million
2Q 2019 2Q 2018 2Q 2019 2Q 2018 2Q 2019 2Q 2018 2Q 2019 2Q 2018
Net Sales
2,813.4 3,021.8 76.8 73.7 (76.8 ) (73.1 ) 2,813.4 3,022.4
Cost of sales
(2,336.4 ) (2,234.0 ) (63.0 ) (55.3 ) 74.4 76.8 (2,325.0 ) (2,212.4 )
SG&A expenses
(246.4 ) (230.5 ) (4.0 ) (3.5 ) - - (250.4 ) (234.0 )
Other operating income,net
0.3 (5.9 ) 0.0 0.4 - - 0.4 (5.5 )
Operating income
230.9 551.5 9.8 15.3 (2.4) 3.7 238.3 570.5
EBITDA
395.5 692.1 17.0 29.1 (2.4) 3.7 410.0 724.9

Steel reporting segment

The steel segment’s operating income was $230.9 million in the second quarter 2019, a decrease of $320.6 million compared to the second quarter 2018 as a result of lower revenue per ton and higher operating cost per ton.

Net sales of steel products in the second quarter 2019 decreased 6% compared to the second quarter 2018 reflecting lower revenue per ton. Revenue per ton decreased 7% year-over-year due to lower realized steel prices in Mexico and Other Markets and a higher participation of slabs in the sales mix (which is included in Other Markets). Shipments increased in 11,000 tons mainly due to higher slabs shipments to third parties in Other Markets partially offset by lower volumes in Mexico and the Southern Region.

Net Sales
(million $)
Shipments
(thousand tons)
Revenue/ton
($/ton)
2Q 2019 2Q 2018 Dif. 2Q 2019 2Q 2018 Dif. 2Q 2019 2Q 2018 Dif.
Mexico
1,370.6 1,657.4 -17% 1,569.3 1,721.7 -9% 873 963 -9%
Southern Region
484.9 478.5 1% 507.8 604.2 -16% 955 792 21%
Other Markets
872.2 778.0 12% 1,255.7 995.8 26% 695 781 -11%
Total steel products
2,727.7 2,913.9 -6% 3,332.7 3,321.6 0% 818 877 -7%
Other products1
85.7 107.9 -21%
Steel segment
2,813.4 3,021.8 -7%

1 The item "Other products" primarily includes Ternium Brasil’s and Ternium México’s electricity sales.

Operating cost increased 5% due to a 4% increase in operating cost per ton and the previously mentioned increase in shipments. The increase in the steel segment's operating cost per ton mainly reflected higher raw material and transportation costs, higher taxes and higher depreciation and amortization, partially offset by lower labor costs.

Mining reporting segment

The mining segment’s operating income was a gain of $9.8 million in the second quarter 2019, compared to a gain of $15.3 million in the second quarter 2018, mainly reflecting higher operating cost per ton.

Net sales of mining products in the second quarter 2019 were 4% higher than those in the second quarter 2018 as a result of a 14% increase in revenue per ton, partially offset by a 9% decrease in shipments.

Mining segment
2Q 2019 2Q 2018 Dif.
Net Sales (million $)
76.8 73.7 4 %
Shipments (thousand tons)
835.1 915.6 -9 %
Revenue per ton ($/ton)
92 81 14 %

Operating cost increased 14% year-over-year, mainly due to an increase of 25% in operating cost per ton, partially offset by the above-mentioned 9% decrease in shipments.

EBITDA in the second quarter 2019 was $410.0 million, or 14.6% of net sales, compared to $724.9 million, or 24.0% of net sales, in the second quarter 2018.

Net financial results were a loss of $5.5 million in the second quarter 2019, compared to a $101.5 million loss in the second quarter 2018. During the second quarter 2019, Ternium’s net financial interest results totaled a loss of $15.0 million, compared to a loss of $26.0 million in the second quarter 2018, reflecting lower average indebtedness and lower interest rate.

Net foreign exchange results were a loss of $12.4 million in the second quarter 2019 compared to a loss of $51.5 million in the second quarter 2018. The loss in the second quarter 2019 was mainly due to the negative impact of the Mexican peso's 1.1% appreciation against the US dollar on a net short local currency position in Ternium's Mexican subsidiaries and the Brazilian real's 1.7% appreciation against the US dollar on a net short local currency position in Ternium Brasil, partially offset by the non-cash impact of the Argentine peso’s 2.1% appreciation against the U.S. dollar on Ternium Argentina’s US dollar financial position (which applies the Argentine peso as functional currency). Change in fair value of financial instruments included in net financial results was a $1.6 million gain in the second quarter 2019 compared to a $59.4 million loss in the second quarter 2018. The results in these periods were mainly related to currency hedge transactions in Argentina and Mexico.

The effect of inflation on Ternium’s Argentine subsidiaries and associates’ short net monetary position was a gain of $26.1 million in the second quarter 2019 compared to a gain of $28.9 million in the second quarter 2018.

Equity in results of non-consolidated companies was a gain of $20.3 million in the second quarter 2019, compared to a gain of $12.4 million in the second quarter 2018 mainly due to higher results from Ternium's investment in Usiminas.

Income tax expense in the second quarter 2019 was $47.3 million, or 19% of income before income tax expense, compared to an income tax expense of $192.2 million in the second quarter 2018, or 40% of income before income tax expense. Effective tax rates in the second quarter 2019 included a non-cash gain on deferred taxes due to the 1% appreciation of the Mexican peso against the U.S. dollar, which reduces, in U.S. dollar terms, the tax base used to calculate deferred tax at our Mexican subsidiaries (which have the U.S dollar as their functional currency) compared to an 8% depreciation of the Mexican peso against the U.S dollar in the second quarter 2018 which had the opposite effect on the tax base used to calculate deferred tax at that time. Finally, the effective tax rate in the second quarter 2019 decreased year-over-year due to the application of inflation adjustments for tax purposes in Argentina.

Net gain attributable to non-controlling interest in the second quarter 2019 was $24.6 million, compared to a net loss of $4.4 million in the same period in 2018.

Analysis of First Half 2019 Results

Net gain attributable to Ternium’s equity owners in the first half 2019 was $398.9 million, compared to net gain attributable to Ternium’s equity owners of $632.5 million in the first half 2018. Including non-controlling interest, net gain for the first half 2019 was $429.9 million, compared to net gain of $665.9 million in the first half 2018. Earnings per ADS in the first half 2019 were $2.03, compared to earnings per ADS of $3.22 in the first half 2018.

Net sales in the first half 2019 were $5.6 billion, or 4% lower than net sales in the first half 2018. The following table outlines Ternium’s consolidated net sales for the first half 2019 and the first half 2018:

Net Sales (million $)
1H 2019 1H 2018 Dif.
Mexico
2,798.1 3,172.8 -12 %
Southern Region
916.6 952.1 -4 %
Other Markets
1,723.6 1,502.4 15 %
Total steel products net sales
5,438.3 5,627.3 -3 %
Other products1
160.4 191.4 -16 %
Steel segment net sales
5,598.7 5,818.7 -4 %
Mining segment net sales
152.6 143.5 6 %
Intersegment eliminations
(152.6 ) (142.7 )
Net sales
5,598.7 5,819.4 -4 %

1 The item "Other products" primarily includes Ternium Brasil’s and Ternium México’s electricity sales.

Cost of sales was $4.6 billion in the first half 2019, an increase of $238.1 million compared to the first half 2018. This was principally due to a $222.4 million, or 7%, increase in raw material and consumables used, mainly reflecting higher raw materials and energy costs per ton partially offset by a 4% decrease in steel shipment volumes; and to a $15.7 million increase in other costs, mainly including a $29.3 million increase in depreciation of property, plant and equipment and a $13.4 million increase in maintenance expenses, partially offset by a $22.9 million decrease in labor costs.

Selling, General & Administrative (SG&A) expenses in the first half 2019 were $475.6 million, or 8.5% of net sales, an increase of $17.8 million compared to SG&A expenses in the first half 2018, mainly due to higher freight and transportation expenses, services and fees, and taxes, partially offset by lower labor costs.

Operating income in the first half 2019 was $545.7 million, or 9.7% of net sales, compared to operating income of $1.02 billion, or 17.5% of net sales in the first half 2018. The following table outlines Ternium’s operating income by segment for the first half 2019 and first half 2018:

Steel segment Mining segment
Intersegment
eliminations
Total
$ million
1H 2019 1H 2018 1H 2019 1H 2018 1H 2019 1H 2018 1H 2019 1H 2018
Net Sales
5,598.7 5,818.7 152.6 143.5 (152.6 ) (142.7 ) 5,598.7 5,819.4
Cost of sales
(4,612.4 ) (4,386.4 ) (124.6 ) (107.7 ) 153.8 149.0 (4,583.3 ) (4,345.2 )
SG&A expenses
(467.9 ) (449.1 ) (7.7 ) (8.7 ) - - (475.6 ) (457.8 )
Other operating income,net
6.6 (0.3 ) (0.7 ) 0.6 - - 5.9 0.3
Operating income
524.9 982.8 19.6 27.7 1.2 6.3 545.7 1,016.7
EBITDA
839.4 1267.1 43.0 55.0 1.2 6.3 883.6 1,328.4

Steel reporting segment

The steel segment’s operating income was $524.9 million in the first half 2019, a decrease of $457.9 million compared to the first half 2018 mainly as a result of higher operating cost per ton and lower shipments partially offset by higher revenue per ton.

Net sales of steel products in the first half 2019 decreased 3% compared to the first half 2018, reflecting a 307,000 ton decrease in shipments partially offset by higher revenue per ton. Revenue per ton increased 1% mainly reflecting higher realized steel prices Southern region partially offset by lower realized prices in Mexico and Other Markets and a higher participation of slabs in the sales mix. Shipments decreased 4% year-over-year due to lower volumes in Mexico and in the Southern Region, partially offset by higher slabs shipments in Other Markets.

Net Sales(million $) Shipments(thousand tons) Revenue/ton($/ton)
1H 2019 1H 2018 Dif. 1H 2019 1H 2018 Dif. 1H 2019 1H 2018 Dif.
Mexico
2,798.1 A3,172.8 -12 % 3,132.7 3,496.2 -10 % 893 907 -2 %
Southern Region
916.6 952.1 -4 % 950.0 1,249.5 -24 % 965 762 27 %
Other Markets
1,723.6 1,502.4 15 % 2,454.5 2,098.7 17 % 702 716 -2 %
Total steel products
5,438.3 5,627.3 -3 % 6,537.2 6,844.5 -4 % 832 822 1 %
Other products1
160.4 191.4 -16 %
Steel segment
5,598.7 5,818.7 -4 %

1 The item "Other products" primarily includes Ternium Brasil’s and Ternium México’s electricity sales.

Operating cost increased 5% due to a 10% increase in cost per ton partially offset by the above-mentioned 4% decrease in shipments. Cost per ton increased mainly as a result of higher purchased slabs, raw material and energy costs, higher depreciation and amortizatinull