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U.S. sets deadline for foreigners dealing in Venezuela oil

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FILE PHOTO: An oil tanker is seen in the sea outside the Puerto La Cruz oil refinery in Puerto La Cruz, Venezuela July 19, 2018. REUTERS/Alexandra Ulmer
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WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Non-U.S. entities buying oil or petroleum products from Venezuela's state-owned PDVSA in deals that involve the U.S. financial system, brokers or people must be wound down by April 28, the U.S. Treasury Department said in a notice posted early on Friday.

The notice clarifies some of the confusion that has surrounded U.S. sanctions imposed on Venezuela earlier in the week. Besides the United States, Venezuela sells its oil to buyers around the world, including India and Europe, and the country has been seeking buyers elsewhere to replace the roughly 500,000 barrels a day it sells to the United States.

U.S. officials imposed sanctions on state-owned Petroleos de Venezuela, or PDVSA, this week, a move Maduro has called illegal.

The global oil industry has since sought to sort out the large-scale sanctions, which froze the assets of PDVSA and also require U.S. firms to pay for oil into accounts controlled by the country's opposition party head and self-proclaimed interim president, Juan Guaido. Even before Friday's notice, European buyers had pulled back on taking shipments from Venezuela due to concerns about how to make payments.

Friday's notice said non-U.S. entities that involve U.S. brokers or the U.S. financial system must wind down those transactions by the end of April. Much of the world oil market is transacted in dollars, and therefore would be subject to U.S. oversight.

Spokespeople for Vitol and Trafigura, two of the largest merchant traders in commodities, both said Friday they will comply with all applicable sanctions.

European governments are also considering sanctions, which would cut off Venezuela's ability to do business in euros as well.

In addition, Americans who work for non-U.S. companies located outside the United States and Venezuela have until March 29 to conduct "certain maintenance or wind-down transactions," according to the notice dated Jan. 31 and posted on the department's website overnight.

The department's Office of Foreign Assets Control also addressed other issues related to looming U.S. sanctions on Caracas' state-run oil company aimed at putting pressure on President Nicolas Maduro who the Trump administration seeks to oust from power.

The notice offers more details about transactions that are allowed and prohibited, and offers guidelines on bondholders' rights regarding U.S. refiner Citgo Petroleum as well as details on what constitutes "maintenance" transactions.

U.S. President Donald Trump and his administration have thrown their support behind Guaido.

(Reporting by Susan Heavey; additional reporting by Julia Payne in London; Editing by Jason Neely, Frances Kerry and David Gregorio)