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USG Corporation Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2018 Results

CHICAGO--(BUSINESS WIRE)--

USG Corporation (USG), an industry-leading manufacturer of building products and innovative solutions, today reported financial results for the fourth quarter and full year of 2018.

Results for 2018’s fourth quarter as compared to 2017’s fourth quarter are below:

  • Net sales of $819 million down $12 million, or 1%
  • Operating profit of $37 million down $46 million, or 55%
  • Net income of $42 million up $111 million, or 161%
  • Diluted EPS of $0.30 up $0.79, or 161%

Non-GAAP financial measures for 2018’s fourth quarter as compared to 2017’s fourth quarter are below:

  • Adjusted operating profit of $55 million down $45 million, or 45%
  • Adjusted net income of $37 million down $40 million, or 52%
  • Adjusted diluted EPS of $0.26 down $0.27, or 51%

Results for full year 2018 as compared to full year 2017 are below:

  • Net sales of $3.3 billion up $132 million, or 4%
  • Operating profit of $227 million down $126 million, or 36%
  • Net income of $196 million up $108 million, or 123%
  • Diluted EPS of $1.38 up $0.78, or 130%

Non-GAAP financial measures for full year 2018 as compared to full year 2017 are below:

  • Adjusted operating profit of $309 million down $103 million, or 25%
  • Adjusted net income of $218 million down $46 million, or 17%
  • Adjusted diluted EPS of $1.51 down $0.29, or 16%

Consolidated Results

Fourth quarter 2018 net sales were $819 million on a consolidated basis, compared to $831 million in the fourth quarter of 2017. Operating profit decreased to $37 million from $83 million, while adjusted operating profit decreased to $55 million from $100 million in the fourth quarter of 2018 compared to the fourth quarter of 2017. The lower operating profit in the fourth quarter of 2018 was driven primarily by lower sales partially due to the comparative timing of announced wallboard price increases and associated lack of pre-buy in the fourth quarter of 2018, higher costs across each of our segments, and higher planned selling and administrative expenses to support USG’s Customer- First strategy.

USG recorded $42 million in net income, or $0.30 per diluted share, for the fourth quarter of 2018, compared to a net loss of $69 million, or ($0.49) per diluted share, in the fourth quarter of 2017. The net loss in the fourth quarter of 2017 includes $145 million of income tax expense resulting from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act. On an adjusted basis, net income of $37 million, or $0.26 per diluted share, for the fourth quarter of 2018 decreased from $77 million, or $0.53 per diluted share, in the fourth quarter of 2017.

USG recorded full year 2018 net sales of $3.3 billion, net income of $196 million, and diluted earnings per share of $1.38 compared to net sales of $3.2 billion, net income of $88 million and diluted earnings per share of $0.60 in 2017. On an adjusted basis, the Company generated full year 2018 net income of $218 million, or diluted earnings per share of $1.51. For comparative purposes, on an adjusted basis, USG recorded net income of $264 million, or diluted earnings per share of $1.80, for the full year of 2017. A full reconciliation of GAAP to adjusted metrics is provided in the attached schedule.

U.S. Wallboard & Surfaces

The U.S. Wallboard & Surfaces segment net sales for the fourth quarter of 2018 decreased $12 million, or 2%, compared with the fourth quarter of 2017. The segment generated $54 million of operating profit in the fourth quarter of 2018 compared to operating profit of $78 million in the fourth quarter of 2017. On an adjusted basis, operating profit of $54 million decreased by $24 million compared to the fourth quarter of 2017. Wallboard volumes decreased 8% compared to the fourth quarter of 2017, outpacing industry volumes by 2%. Wallboard price increased 5% from the fourth quarter of 2017 due primarily to January 2018 and June 2018 price increases. However, wallboard costs were $18 million higher than the prior year quarter primarily due to higher input costs, which were partially offset by $5 million in cost savings in the fourth quarter 2018 due to the Company’s Advanced Manufacturing initiative.

U.S. Performance Materials

The U.S. Performance Materials segment net sales decreased by $1 million, or 1%, compared with the fourth quarter of 2017 due to lower shipments, which was partially offset with higher average realized selling prices. The segment generated $2 million of operating loss in the fourth quarter of 2018 compared to operating profit of $4 million in the fourth quarter of 2017. On an adjusted basis, operating loss of $2 million declined by $6 million compared to the fourth quarter of 2017 primarily due to higher input costs and SG&A investments to accelerate the future adoption of new products.

U.S. Ceilings

The U.S. Ceilings segment net sales decreased $1 million, or 1%, compared to the fourth quarter of 2017. The segment generated $12 million of operating profit in the fourth quarter of 2018 compared to operating profit of $24 million in the fourth quarter of 2017. On an adjusted basis, operating profit of $15 million decreased by $9 million from the fourth quarter of 2017, primarily due to lower volumes and higher costs across tile and grid products, which was partially offset by higher realized average selling prices.

USG Boral

USG Boral net sales decreased $20 million, or 6%, compared to the fourth quarter of 2017. The decrease is primarily due to the unfavorable impact of currency translation of $14 million and lower wallboard shipments. The segment generated $9 million of equity income in the fourth quarter of 2018, which is a $8 million decrease compared to the fourth quarter of 2017 primarily due to a reduction in sales coupled with higher input costs.

Pending Knauf and USG Merger

On June 11, 2018, Gebr. Knauf KG (Knauf) and USG announced that they had entered into a definitive merger agreement pursuant to which Knauf will acquire all the outstanding shares of USG. Under the terms of the merger agreement, USG stockholders will receive $44 per share, which consists of $43.50 per share in cash payable upon closing of the transaction and a $0.50 per share conditional special dividend that was paid on October 2, 2018, following stockholder approval of the transaction. The transaction is expected to close in early 2019, subject to customary closing conditions, including receipt of regulatory approvals.

Fourth Quarter 2018 Conference Call

In light of the announced transaction with Knauf, the Company will not hold a conference call for its results for the fourth quarter and full year 2018. The Company plans to file its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the full year with the SEC on or about February 14, 2019.

About USG Corporation

USG Corporation is an industry-leading manufacturer of building products and innovative solutions. Headquartered in Chicago, USG serves construction markets around the world through its Gypsum, Performance Materials, Ceilings, and USG Boral divisions. Its wall, ceiling, flooring, sheathing and roofing products provide the solutions that enable customers to build the outstanding spaces where people live, work and play. Its USG Boral Building Products joint venture is a leading plasterboard and ceilings producer across Asia, Australasia and the Middle East. For additional information, visit www.usg.com.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

In this press release, the Company’s financial results are provided both in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP) and using certain non-GAAP financial measures. In particular, the Company presents the non-GAAP financial measures adjusted net sales, adjusted operating profit, adjusted net income, adjusted selling and administrative expenses, EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA, adjusted diluted earnings per share, and impacts of foreign currency on current period results using prior period translation rates, which exclude certain items. The non-GAAP financial measures are included as a complement to results provided in accordance with GAAP because management believes these non-GAAP financial measures help investors’ ability to analyze underlying trends in the Company’s business, evaluate its performance relative to other companies in its industry and provide useful information to both management and investors by excluding certain items that may not be indicative of the Company’s core operating results. Adjusted operating profit on a consolidated basis includes the equity method income from USG Boral because management views USG Boral as an important business. In addition, the Company uses adjusted operating profit and adjusted net income as components in the measurement of incentive compensation. The non-GAAP measures should not be considered a substitute for or superior to GAAP results and may vary from others in the industry. For further information related to the Company’s use of non-GAAP financial measures, and the reconciliations to the nearest GAAP measures, see the schedules attached hereto.

Cautionary Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 related to management’s expectations about future conditions, including but not limited to, statements regarding the proposed transaction with Knauf (the “merger”), including expected timing and completion of the merger. Actual business, market or other conditions may differ materially from management’s expectations and, accordingly, may affect the Company’s sales and profitability, liquidity and future value. Any forward-looking statements represent the Company’s views only as of today and should not be relied upon as representing the Company’s views as of any subsequent date, and the Company undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statement. Among the risks, contingencies and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ from those described in the forward-looking statements or could result in the failure of the merger to be completed are the following: the failure to obtain necessary regulatory or other governmental approvals for the merger, or if obtained, the possibility of being subjected to conditions that could result in a material delay in, or the abandonment of, the merger or otherwise have an adverse effect on the Company; continued availability of financing or alternatives for the financing provided in the Knauf debt commitment letter; the failure to satisfy required closing conditions; the potential impact on the USG Boral joint venture in the event the merger is not completed, including that, in connection with the execution of the merger agreement, Boral Limited delivered a default notice under the USG Boral Shareholders Agreement to commence the process to establish the fair market value of the Company’s 50% interest in USG Boral, which could lead to Boral exercising its right to purchase the Company’s 50% interest in USG Boral; the potential negative impact on USG Boral as a result of the uncertainty around the future ownership of USG Boral; the risk that the merger may not be completed in the expected timeframe, or at all; the effect of restrictions placed on the Company and its subsidiaries’ ability to operate their businesses under the merger agreement, including the Company’s ability to pursue alternatives to the merger; the risk of disruption resulting from the merger, including the diversion of the Company’s resources and management’s attention from ongoing business operations; the effect of the pendency of the merger on the Company’s ability to retain and hire key employees; the effect of the pendency of the merger on the Company’s business relationships, results of operations, financial condition, the market price of the Company’s common stock and businesses generally; the risk of negative reactions from investors, employees, suppliers and customers; the outcome of legal proceedings that have been instituted against the Company related to the merger and any additional proceedings that may be instituted in the future; the amount of the costs, fees, expenses and charges related to the merger; and the occurrence of any event giving rise to the right of a party to terminate the merger agreement. Information describing other risks and uncertainties affecting the Company that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in forward-looking statements may be found in the Company’s filings with the SEC, including, but not limited to, the “Risk Factors” in the Company’s most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and most recent Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

 
USG CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(dollars in millions, except share and per share data)
(Unaudited)
       

Three months ended
December 31,

Twelve months ended
December 31,

2018     2017(a) 2018     2017(a)
Net sales $ 819 $ 831 $ 3,336 $ 3,204
Cost of products sold 688   664   2,730   2,548  
Gross profit 131 167 606 656
Selling and administrative expenses 94   84   379     303  
Operating profit 37 83 227 353
Income from equity method investments 9 17 42 59
Net interest expense (12 ) (13 ) (50 ) (65 )
Loss on extinguishment of debt (22 )
Other income, net 4   5   8   10  
Income from continuing operations before income taxes 38 92 227 335
Income tax benefit (expense) 3   (162 ) (34 ) (238 )
Income (loss) from continuing operations 41 (70 ) 193 97
Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax 1   1   3   (9 )
Net income (loss) $ 42   $ (69 ) $ 196   $ 88  
 
 
Earnings (loss) per average common share - basic:
Income (loss) from continuing operations $ 0.30 $ (0.49 ) $ 1.38 $ 0.67
Income (loss) from discontinued operations 0.01     0.02   (0.06 )
Net income (loss) $ 0.31 $ (0.49 ) $ 1.40 $ 0.61
 
Earnings (loss) per average common share - diluted:
Income (loss) from continuing operations $ 0.29 $ (0.49 ) $ 1.36 $ 0.66
Income (loss) from discontinued operations 0.01     0.02   (0.06 )
Net income (loss) $ 0.30 $ (0.49 ) $ 1.38 $ 0.60
 
Average common shares 140,237,346 141,277,091 140,250,482 144,447,488
Average diluted common shares 143,466,416 141,277,091 142,611,300 146,710,846
 
(a) - Historical results have been recast to reflect our adoption of Accounting Standards Update 2017-07 on January 1, 2018.
 
 
USG CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(dollars in millions, except share data)
(Unaudited)
      As of     As of
December 31, 2018 December 31, 2017
 
Assets
Cash and cash equivalents $ 328 $ 394
Short-term marketable securities 55 62
Receivables (net of reserves - 2018 - $10 and 2017 - $9) 233 233
Inventories 290 252
Income taxes receivable 21 15
Other current assets 44   35  
Total current assets 971 991
Long-term marketable securities 43 37
Property, plant and equipment (net of accumulated
depreciation and depletion - 2018 - $2,107 and 2017 - $2,053) 1,838 1,762
Deferred income taxes 246 287
Equity method investments 662 686
Goodwill and intangible assets 40 43
Other assets 42   45  
Total assets $ 3,842   $ 3,851  
 
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
Accounts payable $ 290 $ 280
Accrued expenses 129 135
Income taxes payable 2    
Total current liabilities 421 415
Long-term debt 1,079 1,078
Deferred income taxes 5 4
Pension and other postretirement benefits 254 326
Other liabilities 164   183  
Total liabilities 1,923 2,006
Stockholders' Equity:
Common stock 15 15
Treasury stock at cost (200 ) (169 )
Additional paid-in capital 3,030 3,057
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (383 ) (389 )
Retained earnings (accumulated deficit) (543 ) (669 )
Total stockholders' equity 1,919   1,845  
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity $ 3,842   $ 3,851  
               
Other Information:
Total cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities $ 426 $ 493
Borrowing availability under existing credit facilities 171       155  
Total Liquidity       $ 597       $ 648  
 
 
USG CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(dollars in millions)
(Unaudited)
    Twelve months ended December 31,
2018     2017
Operating Activities
Net income $ 196 $ 88
Less: Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax 3   (9 )
Income from continuing operations 193 97
 
Adjustments to reconcile income from continuing operations to net cash:
Depreciation, depletion, amortization, and accretion 150 132
Loss on extinguishment of debt 22
Share-based compensation expense 21 18
Deferred income taxes 28 255
(Gain) loss on asset dispositions (12 ) 1
Loss on sale of equity method investment 8
Income from equity method investments (42 ) (59 )
Dividends received from equity method investments 30 42
Pension settlement 12
Change in operating assets and liabilities (108 ) (142 )
Other, net 13   4  
Net cash provided by operating activities of continuing operations 281 382
Net cash provided by operating activities of discontinued operations 3    
Net cash provided by operating activities $ 284   $ 382  
 
Investing Activities
Purchases of marketable securities (102 ) (105 )
Sales or maturities of marketable securities 103 97
Capital expenditures (219 ) (168 )
Net proceeds from asset dispositions 14 2
Net proceeds from sale of equity method investment 3
Acquisition of business, including working capital adjustment 2 (52 )
Other investing activities 4   1  
Net cash used for investing activities of continuing operations (195 ) (225 )
Net cash provided by investing activities of discontinued operations   6  
Net cash used for investing activities $ (195 ) $ (219 )
 
Financing Activities
Issuance of debt 500
Repayment of debt (521 )
Payment of debt issuance fees (8 )
Issuances of common stock 11 15
Repurchase of common stock (76 ) (184 )
Repurchases of common stock to satisfy employee tax withholding obligations (15 ) (4 )
Conditional special cash dividend (70 )  
Net cash used for financing activities of continuing operations $ (150 ) $ (202 )
 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash (5 ) 6
 
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents from continuing operations $ (69 ) $ (39 )
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents from discontinued operations 3   6  
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents (66 ) (33 )
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at beginning of period 394   427  
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at end of period $ 328   $ 394  
 
 
USG CORPORATION
SEGMENT BUSINESS RESULTS
(dollars in millions)
(Unaudited)
   

Three months ended
December 31,

 

Twelve months ended
December 31,

2018   2017 2018   2017

Net Sales

U.S. Wallboard and Surfaces $ 487 $ 499 $ 1,927 $ 1,916
U.S. Performance Materials 94 95 392 373
U.S. Ceilings 121 122 541 477
Canada 106 105 448 405
Other 61 67 252 245
Eliminations (50 ) (57 ) (224 ) (212 )
Total USG Corporation Net Sales $ 819   $ 831   $ 3,336   $ 3,204  
 

Operating Profit (Loss)(a)

U.S. Wallboard and Surfaces $ 54 $ 78 $ 248 $ 306
U.S. Performance Materials (2 ) 4 (8 ) 24
U.S. Ceilings 12 24 78 92
Canada 3 6 19 13
Other 2 3 14 11
Corporate (32 ) (31 ) (124 ) (92 )
Eliminations   (1 )   (1 )
Total USG Corporation Operating Profit $ 37   $ 83   $ 227   $ 353  
 

USG Boral Building Products (UBBP)

Net sales $ 293 $ 313 $ 1,182 $ 1,200
Operating profit 26 42 117 160
Net income attributable to UBBP 17 34 84 117
USG share of income from UBBP 9 17 42 59
 
 
(a) - Historical results have been recast to reflect our adoption of Accounting Standards Update 2017-07 on January 1, 2018.
 
 
USG CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF NON-GAAP MEASURES TO GAAP MEASURES
(dollars in millions, except share and per share data)
(Unaudited)
         

Three months ended
December 31,

Twelve months ended
December 31,

2018     2017 2018     2017
Net sales - GAAP $ 819 $ 831 $ 3,336 $ 3,204
Non-cash purchase accounting amortization 1 6
Adoption of revenue standard     9    
Adjusted Net sales - Non-GAAP $ 820   $ 831   $ 3,351   $ 3,204  
 
U.S. Wallboard and Surfaces net sales - GAAP $ 487 $ 499 $ 1,927 $ 1,916
Adoption of revenue standard     6    
U.S. Wallboard and Surfaces adjusted net sales - Non-GAAP $ 487   $ 499   $ 1,933   $ 1,916  
 
U.S. Performance Materials net sales - GAAP $ 94 $ 95 $ 392 $ 373
Adoption of revenue standard     1    
U.S. Performance Materials adjusted net sales - Non-GAAP $ 94   $ 95   $ 393   $ 373  
 
U.S. Ceilings net sales - GAAP $ 121 $ 122 $ 541 $ 477
Non-cash purchase accounting amortization 1 6
Adoption of revenue standard     2    
U.S. Ceilings adjusted net sales - Non-GAAP $ 122   $ 122   $ 549   $ 477  
 
Operating profit - GAAP(a) $ 37 $ 83 $ 227 $ 353
Income from equity method investments 9 17 42 59
Knauf merger related costs 5 19
Non-cash purchase accounting amortization 1 6
Integration and realignment costs 3 12
Gain on sale of surplus property (13 )
Loss on contract termination 8
Contractual legal judgment 5
Adoption of revenue standard     3    
Adjusted operating profit - Non-GAAP $ 55   $ 100   $ 309   $ 412  
 
U.S. Wallboard and Surfaces operating profit - GAAP(a) $ 54 $ 78 $ 248 $ 306
Gain on sale of surplus property (13 )
Adoption of revenue standard     2    
U.S. Wallboard and Surfaces adjusted operating profit - Non-GAAP $ 54   $ 78   $ 237   $ 306  
 
U.S. Performance Materials operating (loss) profit - GAAP(a) $ (2 ) $ 4 $ (8 ) $ 24
Loss on contract termination     8    
U.S. Performance Materials adjusted operating (loss) profit - Non-GAAP $ (2 ) $ 4   $   $ 24  
 
 
 
USG CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF NON-GAAP MEASURES TO GAAP MEASURES
(dollars in millions, except share and per share data)
(Unaudited)
 

Three months ended
December 31,

Twelve months ended
December 31,

2018 2017 2018 2017
 
 
U.S. Ceilings operating profit - GAAP(a) $ 12 $ 24 $ 78 $ 92
Non-cash purchase accounting amortization 1 6
Integration costs 2 7
Adoption of revenue standard     1    
U.S. Ceilings adjusted operating profit - Non-GAAP $ 15   $ 24   $ 92   $ 92  
 
UBBP operating profit - GAAP $ 26 $ 42 $ 117 $ 160
Income from equity method investments owned by UBBP 2 3 14 15
Operating profit attributable to non-controlling interest, pre-tax   (1 ) (3 ) (6 )
UBBP adjusted operating profit - Non-GAAP $ 28   $ 44   $ 128   $ 169  
 
Selling and Administrative Expenses - GAAP(a) $ 94 $ 84 $ 379 $ 303
Knauf merger related costs (5 ) (19 )
Integration and realignment costs (2 ) (11 )
Loss on contract termination (8 )
Contractual legal judgment     (5 )  
Adjusted Selling and Administrative Expenses - Non-GAAP $ 87   $ 84   $ 336   $ 303  
 
Net income (loss) - GAAP $ 42 $ (69 ) $ 196 $ 88
(Income) loss from discontinued operations, net of tax (1 ) (1 ) (3 ) 9
Knauf merger related costs 5 19
Non-cash purchase accounting amortization 1 6
Integration and realignment costs 3 12
Gain on sale of surplus property (13 )
Loss on contract termination 8
Contractual legal judgment 5
Adoption of revenue standard 3
Loss on sale of joint venture 8
Pension settlement charge 2 12
Loss on extinguishment of debt 22
Change in tax law (11 ) 145 (11 ) 145
Tax effect on adjustments (b) (2 )   (12 ) (12 )
Adjusted net income - Non-GAAP $ 37   $ 77   $ 218   $ 264  
 
 
USG CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF NON-GAAP MEASURES TO GAAP MEASURES
(dollars in millions, except share and per share data)
(Unaudited)
         

Three months ended
December 31,

Twelve months ended
December 31,

2018     2017 2018     2017
Earnings per average diluted common share - GAAP $ 0.30 $ (0.49 ) $ 1.38 $ 0.60
Adjustments per average diluted common share:
(Income) loss from discontinued operations, net of tax (0.01 ) (0.01 ) (0.02 ) 0.06
Knauf merger related costs 0.03 0.13
Non-cash purchase accounting amortization 0.01 0.03
Integration and realignment costs 0.02 0.08
Gain on sale of surplus property (0.09 )
Loss on contract termination 0.06
Contractual legal judgment 0.03
Adoption of revenue standard 0.02
Loss on sale of joint venture 0.06
Pension settlement charge 0.01 0.08
Loss on extinguishment of debt 0.15
Change in tax law (0.08 ) 1.02 (0.08 ) 0.99
Tax effect on adjustments (b) (0.01 )   (0.09 ) (0.08 )
Adjusted earnings per adjusted average diluted common share – Non-GAAP $ 0.26   $ 0.53   $ 1.51   $ 1.80  
 
Average diluted common shares – GAAP 143,466,416 141,277,091 142,611,300 146,710,846
Adjustment to add common shares that would be dilutive based on adjusted net income   1,833,704      
Adjusted average diluted common shares – Non-GAAP 143,466,416   143,110,795   142,611,300   146,710,846  
 
 
USG CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF NON-GAAP MEASURES TO GAAP MEASURES
(dollars in millions, except share and per share data)
(Unaudited)
 

Three months ended
December 31,

Twelve months ended
December 31,

2018 2017 2018 2017
Net income (loss) - GAAP $ 42 $ (69 ) $ 196 $ 88
Less: (Income) loss from discontinued operations, net of tax (1 ) (1 ) (3 ) 9
Add: Interest expense, net 12 13 50 65
Add: Income tax (benefit) expense (3 ) 162 34 238
Add: Depreciation, depletion, amortization and accretion (c) 36   35   141   136  
EBITDA - Non-GAAP $ 86 $ 140 $ 418 $ 536
Add: Share-based compensation expense 6 5 21 18
Add: Knauf merger related costs 5 19
Add: Non-cash purchase accounting amortization 1 6
Add: Integration and realignment costs 3 12
Add: Gain on sale of surplus property (13 )
Add: Loss on contract termination 8
Add: Contractual legal judgment 5
Add: Adoption of revenue standard 3
Add: Loss on sale of joint venture 8
Pension settlement charge 2 12
Add: Loss on extinguishment of debt 22
Less: USG's equity income from UBBP (9 ) (17 ) (42 ) (59 )
Add: USG's share of UBBP Adjusted EBITDA 21   28   89   107  
Adjusted EBITDA - Non-GAAP $ 113   $ 158   $ 534   $ 636  
 
UBBP Net Income - GAAP $ 17 $ 35 $ 86 $ 121
Less: Net income attributable to non-controlling interest   1   2   4  
Net income attributable to UBBP - GAAP $ 17 $ 34 $ 84 $ 117
Add: income tax expense 11 10 45 53
Add: Depreciation, depletion and amortization 13   12   49   45  
Total UBBP Adjusted EBITDA - Non-GAAP $ 41   $ 56   $ 178   $ 215  
USG's share of UBBP Adjusted EBITDA - Non-GAAP $ 21   $ 28   $ 89   $ 107  
 
(a) - Historical results have been recast to reflect our adoption of Accounting Standards Update 2017-07 on January 1, 2018.
(b) - Tax effect on adjustments is calculated using country specific statutory rates.
(c) - Depreciation, depletion, amortization and accretion excludes the amortization of deferred financing fees which is included in interest expense.

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