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VMware Reports Fiscal Year 2020 Third Quarter Results

Total revenue growth of 12% year-over-year
Strong Q3 performance across the broad product and solutions portfolio

PALO ALTO, Calif., Nov. 26, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- VMware, Inc. (VMW), a leading innovator in enterprise software, today announced financial results for the third quarter of fiscal year 2020:

  • Revenue for the third quarter was $2.46 billion, an increase of 12% from the third quarter of fiscal 2019.
  • License revenue for the third quarter was $974 million, an increase of 10% from the third quarter of fiscal 2019.
     
  • VMware closed the acquisition of Carbon Black, a leader in cloud-native endpoint protection, on October 8.
     
  • GAAP net income for the third quarter was $621 million, including an unrealized gain of $249 million on an investment in Pivotal Software, or $1.50 per diluted share, compared to $334 million, or $0.81 per diluted share, for the third quarter of fiscal 2019. Non-GAAP net income for the third quarter was $617 million, or $1.49 per diluted share, down 4% per diluted share compared to $645 million, or $1.56 per diluted share, for the third quarter of fiscal 2019.
  • GAAP operating income for the third quarter was $431 million, a decrease of 13% from the third quarter of fiscal 2019. Non-GAAP operating income for the third quarter was $759 million, an increase of 2% from the third quarter of fiscal 2019.
  • Operating cash flow for the third quarter was $810 million. Free cash flow for the third quarter was $760 million.
     
  • Total revenue plus sequential change in total unearned revenue grew 18% year-over-year. Total revenue plus sequential change in total unearned revenue excluding unearned revenue assumed in the acquisition of Carbon Black grew 12% year-over-year.
     
  • License revenue plus sequential change in unearned license revenue grew 21% year-over-year. License revenue plus sequential change in unearned license revenue excluding unearned revenue assumed in the acquisition of Carbon Black grew 13% year-over-year.

“Q3 was another solid quarter for VMware, and we’re pleased with our results. We continue to see traction and customer momentum in support of VMware’s vision to deliver a software architecture that enables any app, on any cloud, delivered to any device,” commented Pat Gelsinger, CEO, VMware. “We are thrilled to welcome Carbon Black to the VMware family, and we remain on track to close the acquisition of Pivotal by the end of the fiscal year. Customers globally have resoundingly affirmed that both acquisitions will offer tremendous value as we help them with their digital transformations.”

“We’re pleased with our financial performance and execution this quarter, which reflected broad-based strength across our product and solutions portfolio,” said Zane Rowe, executive vice president and CFO, VMware. “Hybrid Cloud Subscription and SaaS revenue grew to over 13 percent of total revenue in Q3, and we expect this category will continue to grow significantly next year, including the contributions of Carbon Black and Pivotal.”

Business Highlights & Strategic Announcements

  • At the VMworld 2019 and vForum events, VMware hosted over 65,000 customers, partners and influencers, and introduced a wave of new products, solutions and services showcasing its vision of a software architecture that enables any app, on any cloud and any device. The news across both VMworld events includes:
    • VMware unveiled VMware Tanzu, a new portfolio of products and services to transform the way enterprises build, run and manage software on Kubernetes, including:
      • Project Pacific—a technology preview focused on transforming VMware vSphere into a Kubernetes-native platform in a future release; and
      • VMware Tanzu Mission Control—a single point of control from which customers will manage all their Kubernetes clusters regardless of where they run.
    • VMware detailed new and expanded security solutions that advance the company’s vision of intrinsic security, making it more automated, proactive and pervasive across the entire distributed enterprise. This includes Dell’s announcement that Carbon Black Cloud, along with Dell Trusted Devices and Secureworks, is now the preferred endpoint security solution for Dell commercial customers.
    • VMware Cloud on AWS is now available in the AWS EU (Stockholm) region, bringing the total number of available global regions in Europe to five, and globally to 17 in just over two years.
    • VMware unveiled new Workspace ONE Intelligent Hub innovations aimed at further improving the employee experience.
    • VMware announced the continuation of its partnership with Microsoft with many new technology initiatives to help customers accelerate their digital transformation journeys, including the introduction of VMware Workspace ONE for Microsoft Endpoint Manager to enable modern management for Windows 10 and Azure VMware Solutions momentum with new industries and geographies, the addition of new cloud migration capabilities with VMware HCX and the ability to extend Azure to the branch and edge with VMware SD-WAN by VeloCloud.
  • VMware continues to advance technology as a force for good, including by:
    • supporting TechSoup, a one-stop shop for global nonprofits and their initiatives, to significantly expand its offerings and nearly double the number of nonprofit organizations it serves; and
    • signing the United Nations Global Compact—a commitment to adopting sustainable and socially responsible business practices, as well as catalyzing action to advance the United Nation’s 17 Sustainable Development Goals by 2030.
  • At Oracle OpenWorld in September, VMware and Oracle announced an expanded partnership to help customers support their hybrid cloud strategies by running VMware Cloud Foundation on Oracle Cloud Infrastructure. Oracle will also provide technical support for Oracle software running in VMware environments both in customer on-premises data centers and Oracle-certified cloud environments.
  • VMware completed its acquisition of Carbon Black, a leader in cloud-native endpoint protection, in October. Carbon Black will form the nucleus of VMware’s security offerings, focusing on helping VMware customers with advanced cybersecurity protection and in-depth behavioral insight to help stop sophisticated attacks and accelerate response.
  • In August, the company was positioned as a Leader in “The Forrester Wave™: Infrastructure Automation Platforms, Q3 2019.” According to Forrester’s report, VMware achieved the highest possible score in the criteria of deployment, integrations, community support, vision, market approach, planned enhancements, and innovation in pricing.1
  • In November, the company was positioned as a Leader in “The Forrester Wave™: Unified Endpoint Management, Q4 2019.” According to Forrester’s report, VMware achieved the highest possible score in the product roadmap, roadmap execution, and partner ecosystem criteria, as well as all of the market presence criteria (i.e., customer count, Windows 10 customer count, devices under management, and revenue).2
  • In the Gartner Magic Quadrant for Hyperconverged Infrastructure (published Nov. 25, 2019), VMware was recognized as a Leader. The report, evaluating 15 vendors, listed VMware in the Leaders quadrant based on Gartner’s evaluation of our ability to execute and completeness of vision.3

The company will host a conference call today at 1:30 p.m. PT/ 4:30 p.m. ET to review financial results and business outlook. A live web broadcast of the event will be available on the VMware investor relations website at http://ir.vmware.com. Slides will accompany the web broadcast. The replay of the webcast and slides will be available on the website for two months. In addition, six quarters of historical data for unearned revenue will also be made available at http://ir.vmware.com in conjunction with the conference call.

__________________________________________

1 Forrester, Chris Gardner, The Forrester Wave™: Infrastructure Automation Platforms, Q3 2019, August 7, 2019.
2 Forrester, Andrew Hewitt, et.al., The Forrester Wave™: Unifed Endpoint Management, Q4 2019, November 11, 2019
3 Magic Quadrant for Hyperconverged Infrastructure, Jeffrey Hewitt et al, November 25, 2019.  Gartner does not endorse any vendor, product or service depicted in its research publications, and does not advise technology users to select only those vendors with the highest ratings or other designation. Gartner research publications consist of the opinions of Gartner's research organization and should not be construed as statements of fact. Gartner disclaims all warranties, expressed or implied, with respect to this research, including any warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose.

About VMware
VMware software powers the world’s complex digital infrastructure. The company’s cloud, networking and security, and digital workspace offerings provide a dynamic and efficient digital foundation to customers globally, aided by an extensive ecosystem of partners. Headquartered in Palo Alto, California, VMware is committed to being a force for good, from its breakthrough innovations to its global impact. For more information, please visit https://www.vmware.com/company.html.

Additional Information
VMware’s website is located at www.vmware.com, and its investor relations website is located at http://ir.vmware.com. VMware’s goal is to maintain the investor relations website as a portal through which investors can easily find or navigate to pertinent information about VMware, all of which is made available free of charge. The additional information includes: materials that VMware files with the SEC; announcements of investor conferences, speeches and events at which its executives talk about its products, services and competitive strategies; webcasts of its quarterly earnings calls, investor conferences and events (archives of which are also available for a limited time); additional information on its financial metrics, including reconciliations of non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP measures; press releases on quarterly earnings, product and service announcements, legal developments and international news; corporate governance information; other news, blogs and announcements that VMware may post from time to time that investors may find useful or interesting; and opportunities to sign up for email alerts and RSS feeds to have information pushed in real time.

VMware, VMworld, Tanzu, Tanzu Mission Control, Project Pacific, Carbon Black, Workspace ONE, VeloCloud, and VMware Cloud Foundation are registered trademarks or trademarks of VMware, Inc. or its subsidiaries in the United States and other jurisdictions. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective organizations.

Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures
Reconciliations of non-GAAP financial measures to VMware’s financial results as determined in accordance with GAAP are included at the end of this press release following the accompanying financial data. For a description of these non-GAAP financial measures, including the reasons management uses each measure, please see the section of the tables titled “About Non-GAAP Financial Measures.”

Forward-Looking Statements
This press release contains forward-looking statements including, among other things, statements regarding VMware’s acquisition of Carbon Black and the proposed acquisition of Pivotal Software, such as the expected timing for the completion of the Pivotal acquisition and the potential benefits to VMware and its customers of and the growth opportunities and expansion of VMware’s offerings associated with the acquisitions; anticipated growth in Hybrid Cloud Subscription and SaaS revenue in fiscal 2021; expected benefits to and adoption by customers of VMware products, solutions and services, including, for example, those relating to VMware Tanzu, Project Pacific, VMware’s security solutions (including with respect to Carbon Black Cloud) and Workspace ONE Intelligence Hub; and expected benefits to customers of VMware’s partnerships with Microsoft, Oracle and Dell. These forward-looking statements are subject to the safe harbor provisions created by the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Actual results could differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements as a result of certain risk factors, including but not limited to: (1) the satisfaction or waiver of the conditions to closing the proposed acquisition of Pivotal in the anticipated timeframe or at all; (2) uncertainties as to the outcome of the vote by Pivotal stockholders to approve the Pivotal acquisition; (3) the possibility that the Pivotal acquisition does not close; (4) the possibility that competing offers may be made; (5) risks related to the ability to realize the anticipated benefits of the acquisition of Carbon Black and proposed acquisition of Pivotal, including the possibility that the expected benefits from the acquisitions will not be realized or will not be realized within the expected time period; (6) the risk that acquired businesses will not be integrated successfully; (7) disruptions from the transactions may make it more difficult to maintain business and operational relationships; (8) negative effects of the consummation of the proposed Pivotal acquisition on the market price of VMware’s common stock, credit ratings and operating results; (9) the continued risk of litigation and regulatory actions related to the Carbon Black and proposed Pivotal acquisitions; (10) other business effects, including those related to industry, market, economic, political or regulatory conditions; (11) other unexpected costs or delays in connection with acquisitions; (12) adverse changes in general economic or market conditions; (13) delays or reductions in consumer, government and information technology spending; (14) competitive factors, including but not limited to pricing pressures, industry consolidation, entry of new competitors into the virtualization software and cloud, end user and mobile computing industries, and new product and marketing initiatives by VMware’s competitors; (15) VMware’s customers’ ability to transition to new products and computing strategies such as cloud computing, desktop virtualization and the software defined data center; (16) VMware’s ability to enter into, maintain and extend strategically effective partnerships and alliances; (17) the uncertainty of customer acceptance of emerging technology; (18) the ability to successfully integrate into VMware acquired companies and assets and smoothly transition services related to divested assets from VMware; (19) rapid technological changes in the virtualization software and cloud, end user, security and mobile computing industries; (20) changes to product and service development timelines; (21) VMware’s relationship with Dell Technologies and Dell’s ability to control matters requiring stockholder approval, including the election of VMware’s board members and matters relating to Dell’s investment in VMware; (22) VMware’s ability to protect its proprietary technology; (23) VMware’s ability to attract and retain highly qualified employees; (24) the ability of VMware to realize synergies from Dell; (25) disruptions resulting from key management changes; (26) risks associated with international sales such as fluctuating currency exchange rates and increased trade barriers; (27) changes in VMware’s financial condition; (28) risks associated with cyber-attacks, information security and privacy; and (29) geopolitical changes such as Brexit and increased tariffs and trade barriers that could adversely impact our non-U.S. sales. These forward-looking statements are made as of the date of this press release, are based on current expectations and are subject to uncertainties and changes in condition, significance, value and effect as well as other risks detailed in documents filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including VMware’s most recent reports on Form 10-K and Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8- K that we may file from time to time, which could cause actual results to vary from expectations. VMware assumes no obligation to, and does not currently intend to, update any such forward-looking statements after the date of this release.

Additional Information about the Pivotal Acquisition and Where to Find It

This communication may be deemed to be solicitation material in respect of the proposed merger with Pivotal (the “Pivotal Merger”). This communication does not constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy VMware securities or the solicitation of any vote or approval. The proposed Pivotal Merger will be submitted to Pivotal’s stockholders for their consideration. In connection with the proposed transaction, Pivotal has filed a preliminary proxy statement on Schedule 14A with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). The preliminary proxy statement contains important information about the Pivotal Merger and related matters. Promptly after being filed with the SEC, the definitive proxy statement and a proxy card will be mailed to Pivotal’s stockholders.

BEFORE MAKING ANY VOTING OR INVESTMENT DECISION WITH RESPECT TO THE PROPOSED TRANSACTION, INVESTORS AND STOCKHOLDERS OF PIVOTAL ARE URGED TO READ THE DEFINITIVE PROXY STATEMENT REGARDING THE PROPOSED TRANSACTION (INCLUDING ANY AMENDMENTS OR SUPPLEMENTS THERETO) AND OTHER RELEVANT MATERIALS CAREFULLY AND IN THEIR ENTIRETY WHEN THEY BECOME AVAILABLE BECAUSE THEY WILL CONTAIN IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT THE PROPOSED TRANSACTION. The preliminary proxy statement, the definitive proxy statement, any amendments or supplements thereto and other relevant materials, and any other documents filed by Pivotal with the SEC, may be obtained once such documents are filed with the SEC free of charge at the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov.

In addition, Pivotal’s stockholders may obtain free copies of the documents filed with the SEC through the Investors portion of Pivotal’s website at pivotal.io/investors or by contacting Pivotal’s Investor Relations Department via e-mail at ir@pivotal.io.

Pivotal, VMware, Dell Technologies Inc. and certain of their respective executive officers, directors, other members of management and employees, may under the rules of the SEC, be deemed to be “participants” in the solicitation of proxies from Pivotal’s stockholders in connection with the proposed transaction. Information regarding the persons who may be considered “participants” in the solicitation of proxies will be set forth in Pivotal’s preliminary and definitive proxy statements when filed with the SEC and other relevant documents to be filed with the SEC in connection with the proposed transaction, each of which can be obtained free of charge from the sources indicated above when they become available. Information regarding certain of these persons and their beneficial ownership of Pivotal’s common stock is also set forth in Pivotal’s preliminary proxy statement on Schedule 14A filed with the SEC on October 10, 2019 and Pivotal’s proxy statement for its 2019 annual meeting of stockholders filed on May 3, 2019 with the SEC, which may both be obtained free of charge from the sources indicated above.

Contacts:

Paul Ziots
VMware Investor Relations
pziots@vmware.com
650-427-3267

Michael Thacker
VMware Global PR
mthacker@vmware.com
650-427-4454

VMware, Inc.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(amounts in millions, except per share amounts, and shares in thousands)
(unaudited)
                 
    Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended
    November 1,   November 2,   November 1,   November 2,
    2019   2018   2019   2018
Revenue:                
License   $ 974     $ 884     $ 2,853     $ 2,558  
Services   1,482     1,316     4,308     3,825  
Total revenue   2,456     2,200     7,161     6,383  
Operating expenses(1):                
Cost of license revenue   59     49     160     139  
Cost of services revenue   319     266     936     777  
Research and development   582     499     1,669     1,433  
Sales and marketing   827     707     2,402     2,110  
General and administrative   238     178     625     529  
Realignment and loss on disposition       6         9  
Operating income   431     495     1,369     1,386  
Investment income   12     63     40     168  
Interest expense   (40 )   (33 )   (107 )   (101 )
Other income (expense), net   263     (180 )   (97 )   839  
Income before income tax   666     345     1,205     2,292  
Income tax provision (benefit)   45     11     (4,846 )   372  
Net income   $ 621     $ 334     $ 6,051     $ 1,920  
                 
Net income per weighted-average share, basic for Classes A and B   $ 1.52     $ 0.82     $ 14.77     $ 4.72  
Net income per weighted-average share, diluted for Classes A and B   $ 1.50     $ 0.81     $ 14.52     $ 4.64  
                 
Weighted-average shares, basic for Classes A and B   409,165     408,708     409,780     406,929  
Weighted-average shares, diluted for Classes A and B   414,054     414,477     416,668     413,378  
__________                
(1)  Includes stock-based compensation as follows:                
Cost of license revenue   $     $     $ 1     $ 1  
Cost of services revenue   18     13     50     37  
Research and development   110     98     306     272  
Sales and marketing   67     53     183     147  
General and administrative   35     28     92     74  


VMware, Inc.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(amounts in millions, except per share amounts, and shares in thousands)
(unaudited)
       
  November 1,   February 1,
  2019   2019
ASSETS      
Current assets:      
Cash and cash equivalents $ 2,025     $ 2,830  
Short-term investments     19  
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $4 and $2 1,488     1,576  
Due from related parties, net 753     937  
Other current assets 375     289  
Total current assets 4,641     5,651  
Property and equipment, net 1,238     1,133  
Other assets 2,663     1,853  
Deferred tax assets 5,260     103  
Intangible assets, net 910     541  
Goodwill 7,290     5,381  
Total assets $ 22,002     $ 14,662  
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY      
Current liabilities:      
Accounts payable $ 156     $ 135  
Accrued expenses and other 1,563     1,593  
Current portion of long-term debt and other borrowings 1,847      
Unearned revenue 4,382     3,968  
Total current liabilities 7,948     5,696  
Note payable to Dell 270     270  
Long-term debt 2,730     3,972  
Unearned revenue 3,503     3,010  
Income tax payable 803     889  
Operating lease liabilities 644      
Other liabilities 290     274  
Total liabilities 16,188     14,111  
Contingencies      
Stockholders’ equity:      
Class A common stock, par value $0.01; authorized 2,500,000 shares; issued and outstanding 109,725 and 110,715 shares 1     1  
Class B convertible common stock, par value $0.01; authorized 1,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding 300,000 shares 3     3  
Additional paid-in capital 46     531  
Accumulated other comprehensive income 3     2  
Retained earnings 5,761     14  
Total stockholders’ equity 5,814     551  
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity $ 22,002     $ 14,662  
               


VMware, Inc.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in millions)
(unaudited)
               
  Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended
  November 1,   November 2,   November 1,   November 2,
  2019   2018   2019   2018
Operating activities:              
Net income $ 621     $ 334     $ 6,051     $ 1,920  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:              
Depreciation and amortization 190     157     542     465  
Stock-based compensation 230     192     632     531  
Deferred income taxes, net (108 )   (62 )   (5,140 )   163  
Unrealized (gain) loss on equity securities, net (259 )   169     127     (837 )
(Gain) loss on disposition of assets, revaluation and impairment, net 1     8     (3 )   1  
Other     9     3     10  
Changes in assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions:              
Accounts receivable 84     125     148     297  
Other current assets and other assets (98 )   (92 )   (476 )   (264 )
Due to/from related parties, net 3     (54 )   179     (10 )
Accounts payable 3     30     17     125  
Accrued expenses and other liabilities (82 )   (153 )   (58 )   (117 )
Income taxes payable 27     (60 )   15     10  
Unearned revenue 198     166     745     357  
Net cash provided by operating activities 810     769     2,782     2,651  
Investing activities:              
Additions to property and equipment (50 )   (57 )   (208 )   (178 )
Purchases of available-for-sale securities     (2 )       (781 )
Sales of available-for-sale securities     25         186  
Maturities of available-for-sale securities     803         1,905  
Purchases of strategic investments (9 )       (18 )   (3 )
Proceeds from disposition of assets     2     20     35  
Business combinations, net of cash acquired, and purchases of intangible assets (2,052 )   (493 )   (2,437 )   (519 )
Net cash paid on disposition of a business     (6 )   (3 )   (11 )
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities (2,111 )   272     (2,646 )   634  
Financing activities:              
Proceeds from issuance of common stock 93     82     200     181  
Borrowings under Term Loan, net of issuance costs 1,993         1,993      
Repayment of Term Loan (1,400 )       (1,400 )    
Repurchase of common stock (242 )       (1,279 )    
Shares repurchased for tax withholdings on vesting of restricted stock (41 )   (36 )   (393 )   (228 )
Payment for common control transaction with Dell     (8 )       (8 )
Principal payments on finance lease obligations         (1 )    
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities 403     38     (880 )   (55 )
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash (898 )   1,079     (744 )   3,230  
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of the period 3,048     8,154     2,894     6,003  
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of the period $ 2,150     $ 9,233     $ 2,150     $ 9,233  
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:              
Cash paid for interest $ 67     $ 61     $ 131     $ 126  
Cash paid for taxes, net 95     133     283     206  
Non-cash items:              
Changes in capital additions, accrued but not paid $ 10     $ 7     $ 5     $ 16  


VMware, Inc.
GROWTH IN REVENUE PLUS SEQUENTIAL CHANGE IN UNEARNED REVENUE
(in millions)
(unaudited)
 
Growth in Total Revenue Plus Sequential Change in Unearned Revenue
         
    Three Months Ended
    November 1,   November 2,
    2019   2018
Total revenue, as reported   $ 2,456     $ 2,200  
Sequential change in unearned revenue(1)   352     171  
Total revenue plus sequential change in unearned revenue   $ 2,808     $ 2,371  
Change (%) over prior year, as reported   18 %    
         
Assumed Carbon Black unearned revenue(3)   $ (151 )   $  
Total revenue plus sequential change in unearned revenue, excluding impact of Carbon Black   $ 2,657     $ 2,371  
Change (%) over prior year, excluding impact of Carbon Black   12 %    
         
Growth in License Revenue Plus Sequential Change in Unearned License Revenue
         
    Three Months Ended
    November 1,   November 2,
    2019   2018
Total license revenue, as reported   $ 974     $ 884  
Sequential change in unearned license revenue(2)   120     22  
Total license revenue plus sequential change in unearned license revenue   $ 1,094     $ 906  
Change (%) over prior year, as reported   21 %    
         
Assumed Carbon Black unearned license revenue(3)   $ (73 )   $  
Total revenue plus sequential change in unearned license revenue, excluding impact of Carbon Black   $ 1,021     $ 906  
Change (%) over prior year, excluding impact of Carbon Black   13 %    
         
(1) Sequential change in unearned revenue consists of the change in total unearned revenue from the preceding quarter. Total unearned revenue consists of current and non-current unearned revenue amounts presented in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.
(2) Unearned license revenue primarily consists of the allocated portion of VMware's SaaS offerings.
(3) Amount represents unearned revenue assumed in the acquisition of Carbon Black.


VMware, Inc.
SUPPLEMENTAL UNEARNED REVENUE SCHEDULE
(in millions)
(unaudited)
                       
  November 1,   August 2,   May 3,   February 1,   November 2,   August 3,
  2019   2019   2019   2019   2018   2018
Unearned revenue as reported:                      
License $ 458     $ 338     $ 303     $ 255     $ 212     $ 190  
Software maintenance 6,545     6,357     6,029     5,972     5,345     5,223  
Professional services 882     838     787     751     644     617  
Total unearned revenue $ 7,885     $ 7,533     $ 7,119     $ 6,978     $ 6,201     $ 6,030  
                       


VMware, Inc.
RECONCILIATION OF GAAP TO NON-GAAP DATA
For the Three Months Ended November 1, 2019
(amounts in millions, except per share amounts, and shares in thousands)
(unaudited)
                           
  GAAP   Stock-Based
Compensation
  Employer
Payroll Taxes
on Employee
Stock
Transactions
  Intangible
Amortization
  Acquisition,
Disposition
and Other
Items
  Tax 
Adjustment(1)
  Non-GAAP,
as adjusted(2)
Operating expenses:                          
Cost of license revenue $ 59             (34 )           $ 24  
Cost of services revenue $ 319     (18 )       (1 )           $ 301  
Research and development $ 582     (110 )                   $ 471  
Sales and marketing $ 827     (67 )   (1 )   (14 )           $ 747  
General and administrative $ 238     (35 )           (49 )       $ 154  
Operating income $ 431     230     1     49     49         $ 759  
Operating margin(2) 17.5 %   9.3 %   %   2.0 %   2.0 %       30.9 %
Other income (expense), net(3) $ 263                 (259 )       $ 4  
Income before income tax $ 666     230     1     49     (210 )       $ 735  
Income tax provision $ 45                     73     $ 118  
Tax rate(2) 6.7 %                       16.0 %
Net income $ 621     230     1     49     (210 )   (73 )   $ 617  
Net income per weighted-average share,
diluted for Classes A and B(2) (4)
$ 1.50     $ 0.55     $     $ 0.12     $ (0.51 )   $ (0.18 )   $ 1.49  

(1) Non-GAAP financial information for the quarter is adjusted for a tax rate equal to our annual estimated tax rate on non-GAAP income. This rate is based on our estimated annual GAAP income tax rate forecast, adjusted to account for items excluded from GAAP income in calculating the non-GAAP financial measures presented above as well as significant tax adjustments. Our estimated tax rate on non-GAAP income is determined annually and may be adjusted during the year to take into account events or trends that we believe materially impact the estimated annual rate including, but not limited to, significant changes resulting from tax legislation, material changes in the geographic mix of revenue and expenses, changes to our corporate structure and other significant events. Due to the differences in the tax treatment of items excluded from non-GAAP earnings, as well as the methodology applied to our estimated annual tax rates as described above, our estimated tax rate on non-GAAP income may differ from our GAAP tax rate and from our actual tax liabilities.

(2) Totals may not sum, due to rounding. Operating margin, tax rate and net income per weighted average share information are calculated based upon the respective underlying, non-rounded data.

(3) Non-GAAP adjustment to other income (expense), net includes gains or losses on equity investments, whether realized or unrealized. During the three months ended November 1, 2019, this adjustment primarily included an unrealized gain of $249 million, which related to VMware's investment in Pivotal to adjust it to its fair value.

(4) Calculated based upon 414,054 diluted weighted-average shares for Classes A and B.


VMware, Inc.
RECONCILIATION OF GAAP TO NON-GAAP DATA
For the Three Months Ended November 2, 2018
(amounts in millions, except per share amounts, and shares in thousands)
(unaudited)
                           
  GAAP   Stock-Based
Compensation
  Employer
Payroll Taxes
on Employee
Stock
Transactions
  Intangible
Amortization
  Acquisition,
Disposition
and Other
Items
  Tax 
Adjustment(1)
  Non-GAAP,
as adjusted(2)
Operating expenses:                          
Cost of license revenue $ 49             (29 )           $ 19  
Cost of services revenue $ 266     (13 )       (1 )           $ 252  
Research and development $ 499     (98 )                   $ 400  
Sales and marketing $ 707     (53 )   (2 )   (8 )           $ 647  
General and administrative $ 178     (28 )           (8 )       $ 141  
Realignment and loss on disposition $ 6                 (6 )       $  
Operating income $ 495     192     2     38     14         $ 741  
Operating margin(2) 22.5 %   8.7 %   0.1 %   1.7 %   0.7 %       33.7 %
Other income (expense), net(3) $ (180 )               177         $ (3 )
Income before income tax $ 345     192     2     38     191         $ 768  
Income tax provision $ 11                     112     $ 123  
Tax rate(2) 3.2 %                       16.0 %
Net income $ 334     192     2     38     191     (112 )   $ 645  
Net income per weighted-average share,
diluted for Classes A and B(2) (4)
$ 0.81     $ 0.46     $     $ 0.09     $ 0.46     $ (0.27 )   $ 1.56  

(1) Non-GAAP financial information for the quarter is adjusted for a tax rate equal to our annual estimated tax rate on non-GAAP income. This rate is based on our estimated annual GAAP income tax rate forecast, adjusted to account for items excluded from GAAP income in calculating the non-GAAP financial measures presented above as well as significant tax adjustments, such as adjustments resulting from the U.S. Tax Cuts and Jobs Act  enacted on December 22, 2017 (the "2017 Tax Act"). Our estimated tax rate on non-GAAP income is determined annually and may be adjusted during the year to take into account events or trends that we believe materially impact the estimated annual rate including, but not limited to, significant changes resulting from tax legislation, material changes in the geographic mix of revenue and expenses and other significant events. Due to the differences in the tax treatment of items excluded from non-GAAP earnings, as well as the methodology applied to our estimated annual tax rates as described above, our estimated tax rate on non-GAAP income may differ from our GAAP tax rate and from our actual tax liabilities.

(2) Totals may not sum, due to rounding. Operating margin, tax rate and net income per weighted average share information are calculated based upon the respective underlying, non-rounded data.

(3) Non-GAAP adjustment to other income (expense), net includes gains or losses on equity investments, whether realized or unrealized. During the three months ended November 2, 2018, this adjustment primarily included an unrealized loss of $161 million, which related to VMware's investment in Pivotal to adjust it to its fair value.

(4) Calculated based upon 414,477 diluted weighted-average shares for Classes A and B.


VMware, Inc.
RECONCILIATION OF GAAP TO NON-GAAP DATA
For the Nine Months Ended November 1, 2019
(amounts in millions, except per share amounts, and shares in thousands)
(unaudited)
                           
                           
  GAAP   Stock-Based
Compensation
  Employer
Payroll Taxes
on Employee
Stock
Transactions
  Intangible
Amortization
  Acquisition,
Disposition
and Other
Items
  Tax 
Adjustment(1)
  Non-GAAP,
as adjusted(2)
Operating expenses:                          
Cost of license revenue $ 160     (1 )       (101 )           $ 58  
Cost of services revenue $ 936     (50 )       (2 )           $ 884  
Research and development $ 1,669     (306 )   (1 )   (1 )           $ 1,360  
Sales and marketing $ 2,402     (183 )   (6 )   (34 )           $ 2,183  
General and administrative $ 625     (92 )           (83 )       $ 448  
Operating income $ 1,369     632     7     138     83         $ 2,228  
Operating margin(2) 19.1 %   8.8 %   0.1 %   1.9 %   1.2 %       31.1 %
Other income (expense), net(3) $ (97 )               123         $ 27  
Income before income tax $ 1,205     632     7     138     206         $ 2,188  
Income tax provision (benefit) $ (4,846 ) (4)                 5,196     $ 350  
Tax rate(2) N/M
  (4)                     16.0 %
Net income $ 6,051     632     7     138     206     (5,196 )   $ 1,838  
Net income per weighted-average share,
diluted for Classes A and B(2) (5)
$ 14.52     $ 1.52     $ 0.02     $ 0.33     $ 0.49     $ (12.47 )   $ 4.41  

N/M - Tax rate calculated on a GAAP basis is not considered meaningful.

(1) Non-GAAP financial information for the quarter is adjusted for a tax rate equal to our annual estimated tax rate on non-GAAP income. This rate is based on our estimated annual GAAP income tax rate forecast, adjusted to account for items excluded from GAAP income in calculating the non-GAAP financial measures presented above as well as significant tax adjustments. Our estimated tax rate on non-GAAP income is determined annually and may be adjusted during the year to take into account events or trends that we believe materially impact the estimated annual rate including, but not limited to, significant changes resulting from tax legislation, material changes in the geographic mix of revenue and expenses, changes to our corporate structure and other significant events. Due to the differences in the tax treatment of items excluded from non-GAAP earnings, as well as the methodology applied to our estimated annual tax rates as described above, our estimated tax rate on non-GAAP income may differ from our GAAP tax rate and from our actual tax liabilities.

(2) Totals may not sum, due to rounding. Operating margin, tax rate and net income per weighted average share information are calculated based upon the respective underlying, non-rounded data.

(3) Non-GAAP adjustment to other income (expense), net includes gains or losses on equity investments, whether realized or unrealized. During the nine months ended November 1, 2019, this adjustment primarily included an unrealized loss of $157 million, which related to VMware's investment in Pivotal to adjust it to its fair value.

(4) During the second quarter of fiscal 2020, we completed an intra-group transfer of certain of our intellectual property rights to our Irish subsidiary, where our international business is headquartered. A discrete tax benefit of $4.9 billion was recorded as a deferred tax asset. Due to the impact of the discrete tax benefit of $4.9 billion, the tax rate calculated on a GAAP basis is not considered meaningful.

(5) Calculated based upon 416,668 diluted weighted-average shares for Classes A and B.


VMware, Inc.
RECONCILIATION OF GAAP TO NON-GAAP DATA
For the Nine Months Ended November 2, 2018
(amounts in millions, except per share amounts, and shares in thousands)
(unaudited)
                           
  GAAP   Stock-Based
Compensation
  Employer
Payroll Taxes
on Employee
Stock
Transactions
  Intangible
Amortization
  Acquisition,
Disposition
and Other
Items
  Tax 
Adjustment(1)
  Non-GAAP,
as adjusted(2)
Operating expenses:                          
Cost of license revenue $ 139     (1 )       (89 )           $ 50  
Cost of services revenue $ 777     (37 )   (1 )   (2 )           $ 737  
Research and development $ 1,433     (272 )           (2 )       $ 1,159  
Sales and marketing $ 2,110     (147 )   (3 )   (23 )   (2 )       $ 1,935  
General and administrative $ 529     (74 )   (1 )       (26 )       $ 428  
Realignment and loss on disposition $ 9                 (9 )       $  
Operating income $ 1,386     531     5     114     39         $ 2,074  
Operating margin(2) 21.7 %   8.3 %   0.1 %   1.8 %   0.6 %       32.5 %
Other income (expense), net(3) $ 839                 (839 )       $  
Income before income tax $ 2,292     531     5     114     (800 )       $ 2,141  
Income tax provision $ 372                     (29 )   $ 342  
Tax rate(2) 16.2 %                       16.0 %
Net income $ 1,920     531     5     114     (800 )   29     $ 1,799  
Net income per weighted-average share,
diluted for Classes A and B(2) (4)
$ 4.64     $ 1.28     $ 0.01     $ 0.28     $ (1.93 )   $ 0.07     $ 4.35  

(1) Non-GAAP financial information for the quarter is adjusted for a tax rate equal to our annual estimated tax rate on non-GAAP income. This rate is based on our estimated annual GAAP income tax rate forecast, adjusted to account for items excluded from GAAP income in calculating the non-GAAP financial measures presented above as well as significant tax adjustments, such as adjustments resulting from the 2017 Tax Act. Our estimated tax rate on non-GAAP income is determined annually and may be adjusted during the year to take into account events or trends that we believe materially impact the estimated annual rate including, but not limited to, significant changes resulting from tax legislation, material changes in the geographic mix of revenue and expenses and other significant events. Due to the differences in the tax treatment of items excluded from non-GAAP earnings, as well as the methodology applied to our estimated annual tax rates as described above, our estimated tax rate on non-GAAP income may differ from our GAAP tax rate and from our actual tax liabilities.

(2) Totals may not sum, due to rounding. Operating margin, tax rate and net income per weighted average share information are calculated based upon the respective underlying, non-rounded data.

(3) Non-GAAP adjustment to other income (expense), net includes gains or losses on equity investments, whether realized or unrealized. During the nine months ended November 2, 2018, this adjustment primarily included an unrealized gain of $851 million, which related to VMware's investment in Pivotal to adjust it to its fair value.

(4) Calculated based upon 413,378 diluted weighted-average shares for Classes A and B.

 VMware, Inc.
REVENUE BY TYPE
(in millions)
(unaudited)
                 
    Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended
    November 1,   November 2,   November 1,   November 2,
    2019   2018   2019   2018
Revenue:                
License   $ 974     $ 884     $ 2,853     $ 2,558  
Services:                
Software maintenance   1,280     1,138     3,720     3,324  
Professional services   202     178     588     501  
Total services   1,482     1,316     4,308     3,825  
Total revenue   $ 2,456     $ 2,200     $ 7,161     $ 6,383  
Percentage of revenue:                
License   39.7 %   40.2 %   39.8 %   40.1 %
Services:                                
Software maintenance   52.1 %   51.7 %   52.0 %   52.0 %
Professional services   8.2 %   8.1 %   8.2 %   7.9 %
Total services   60.3 %   59.8 %   60.2 %   59.9 %
Total revenue   100.0 %   100.0 %   100.0 %   100.0 %
                         


VMware, Inc.
REVENUE BY GEOGRAPHY
(in millions)
(unaudited)
               
  Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended
  November 1,   November 2,   November 1,   November 2,
  2019   2018   2019   2018
Revenue:              
United States $ 1,172     $ 1,052     $ 3,395     $ 3,053  
International 1,284     1,148     3,766     3,330  
Total revenue $ 2,456     $ 2,200     $ 7,161     $ 6,383  
Percentage of revenue:              
United States 47.7 %   47.8 %   47.4 %   47.8 %
International 52.3 %   52.2 %   52.6 %   52.2 %
Total revenue 100.0 %   100.0 %   100.0 %   100.0 %


VMware, Inc.
RECONCILIATION OF GAAP CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
TO FREE CASH FLOWS
(A NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURE)
(in millions)
(unaudited)
               
  Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended
  November 1,   November 2,   November 1,   November 2,
  2019   2018   2019   2018
GAAP cash flows from operating activities $ 810     $ 769     $ 2,782     $ 2,651  
Capital expenditures (50 )   (57 )   (208 )   (178 )
Free cash flows $ 760     $ 712     $ 2,574     $ 2,473  
                               

About Non-GAAP Financial Measures

To provide investors and others with additional information regarding VMware’s results, VMware has disclosed in this earnings release the following non-GAAP financial measures: non-GAAP operating income, non-GAAP operating margin, non-GAAP net income, non-GAAP net income per diluted share and free cash flow. VMware has provided a reconciliation of each non-GAAP financial measure used in this earnings release to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure. These non-GAAP financial measures, other than free cash flow, differ from GAAP in that they exclude stock-based compensation, employer payroll taxes on employee stock transactions, amortization of acquired intangible assets, realignment charges, acquisition, disposition and other items, certain litigation and other contingencies and discrete items that impacted our GAAP tax rate, each as discussed below. Our non-GAAP financial measures also reflect the application of our non-GAAP tax rate. Free cash flow differs from GAAP cash flow from operating activities with respect to the treatment of capital expenditures.

VMware’s management uses these non-GAAP financial measures to understand and compare operating results across accounting periods, for internal budgeting and forecasting purposes, for short- and long-term operating plans, to calculate bonus payments and to evaluate VMware’s financial performance, the performance of its individual functional groups and the ability of operations to generate cash. Management believes these non-GAAP financial measures reflect VMware’s ongoing business in a manner that allows for meaningful period-to-period comparisons and analysis of trends in VMware’s business, as they exclude charges and gains that are not reflective of ongoing operating results. Management also believes that these non-GAAP financial measures provide useful information to investors and others in understanding and evaluating VMware’s operating results and future prospects in the same manner as management and in comparing financial results across accounting periods and to those of peer companies. Additionally, management believes information regarding free cash flow provides investors and others with an important perspective on the cash available to make strategic acquisitions and investments, to repurchase shares, to fund ongoing operations and to fund other capital expenditures.

Management believes these non-GAAP financial measures are useful to investors and others in assessing VMware’s operating performance due to the following factors:

  • Stock-based compensation. Stock-based compensation is generally fixed at the time the stock-based instrument is granted and amortized over a period of several years. Although stock-based compensation is an important aspect of the compensation of VMware’s employees and executives, the expense for the fair value of the stock-based instruments VMware utilizes may bear little resemblance to the actual value realized upon the vesting or future exercise of the related stock-based awards. Management believes it is useful to exclude stock-based compensation in order to better understand the long-term performance of VMware’s core business.

  • Employer payroll taxes on employee stock transactions. The amount of employer payroll taxes on stock-based compensation is dependent on VMware’s stock price and other factors that are beyond VMware’s control and do not correlate to the operation of the business.

  • Amortization of acquired intangible assets. A portion of the purchase price of VMware’s acquisitions is generally allocated to intangible assets, such as intellectual property, and is subject to amortization. However, VMware does not acquire businesses on a predictable cycle. Additionally, the amount of an acquisition’s purchase price allocated to intangible assets and the term of its related amortization can vary significantly and are unique to each acquisition. Therefore, VMware believes that the presentation of non-GAAP financial measures that adjust for the amortization of intangible assets provides investors and others with a consistent basis for comparison across accounting periods.

  • Realignment charges. Realignment charges include workforce reductions, asset impairments, losses on asset disposals and costs to exit facilities. VMware’s management believes it is useful to exclude these items, when significant, as they are not reflective of VMware’s core business and operating results.

  • Acquisition, disposition and other items. As VMware does not acquire or dispose of businesses on a predictable cycle and the terms of each transaction can vary significantly and are unique to each transaction, VMware believes it is useful to exclude acquisition, disposition and other items when looking for a consistent basis for comparison across accounting periods. These items include:
    • Direct costs of acquisitions and dispositions, such as transaction and advisory fees.
    • Costs associated with integrating acquired businesses.
    • Accruals for the portion of merger consideration payable in installments that may be paid in cash or VMware stock, at the option of VMware.
    • Gains or losses on equity investments, whether realized or unrealized, including unrealized gains or losses related to VMware’s investment in Pivotal to adjust it to its fair value.
    • Charges recognized for non-recoverable strategic investments or gains recognized on the disposition of strategic investments.
    • Gains or losses on sale or disposal of distinct lines of business or product offerings, or transactions with features similar to discontinued operations, including recoveries or charges recognized to adjust the fair value of assets that qualify as “held for sale.”

  • Certain litigation and other contingencies. VMware, from time to time, may incur charges or benefits that are outside of the ordinary course of VMware’s business related to litigation and other contingencies. VMware believes it is useful to exclude such charges or benefits because it does not consider such amounts to be part of the ongoing operation of VMware’s business and because of the singular nature of the claims underlying such matters. 

  • Tax adjustment. Non-GAAP financial information for the quarter is adjusted for a tax rate equal to VMware’s annual estimated tax rate on non-GAAP income. This rate is based on VMware’s estimated annual GAAP income tax rate forecast, adjusted to account for items excluded from GAAP income in calculating VMware’s non-GAAP income as well as significant tax adjustments. VMware’s estimated tax rate on non-GAAP income is determined annually and may be adjusted during the year to take into account events or trends that VMware management believes materially impact the estimated annual rate including, but not limited to, significant changes resulting from tax legislation, material changes in the geographic mix of revenue and expenses, changes to our corporate structure and other significant events. Due to the differences in the tax treatment of items excluded from non-GAAP earnings, as well as the methodology applied to VMware’s estimated annual tax rates as described above, the estimated tax rate on non-GAAP income may differ from the GAAP tax rate and from VMware’s actual tax liabilities.

Additionally, VMware’s management believes that the non-GAAP financial measure of free cash flow is meaningful to investors because management reviews cash flow generated from operations after taking into consideration capital expenditures due to the fact that these expenditures are considered to be a necessary component of ongoing operations.

The use of non-GAAP financial measures has certain limitations because they do not reflect all items of income and expense that affect VMware’s operations. Specifically, in the case of stock-based compensation, if VMware did not pay out a portion of its compensation in the form of stock-based compensation and related employer payroll taxes, the cash salary expense included in operating expenses would be higher, which would affect VMware’s cash position. VMware compensates for these limitations by reconciling the non-GAAP financial measures to the most comparable GAAP financial measures. These non-GAAP financial measures should be considered in addition to, not as a substitute for or in isolation from, measures prepared in accordance with GAAP and should not be considered measures of VMware’s liquidity. Further, these non-GAAP measures may differ from the non-GAAP information used by other companies, including peer companies, and therefore comparability may be limited.

Management encourages investors and others to review VMware’s financial information in its entirety and not rely on a single financial measure.