It wasn't too long ago that John Mackey was considered a pioneer.
But today it's a very different story for Whole Foods.
"While Whole Foods has done so much to inspire, create, and revolutionize the market for natural and organic products, we now see it being the victim of its own success," UBS wrote in a research note published on Wednesday.
Though demand is still there – sales of organic food has more than tripled from 2005 to 2015, from $13.8 billion to $43.3 billion, according to the Organic Trade Association – same-store sales at Whole Foods have decelerated for four straight years. That's mainly due to increased competition.
Today, the store is in direct competition with grocery rivals that have moved into the organic food space. According to the UBS note, almost 42% of Whole Foods' stores are within a 5-minute drive of a Trader Joe's (up 3% from four years ago). Thirty-four percent have a Kroger store nearby.
Many of Whole Foods' competitors offer similar goods but at cheaper prices. UBS found that prices at Whole Foods stores in the Los Angeles area were on average 13% higher than prices at Kroger and Sprouts Farmers Market.
To compete with the ongoing pricing pressure, Whole Foods launched a new chain of stores called 365 by Whole Foods Market. But these stores face an impending threat from overseas retailers. German supermarket chain Lidl recently announced that it will open 100 stores along the East Coast by mid-2018. Aldi, another discount retailer, said it will be spending $1.6 billion to redesign 1,300 of its US stores and improve its selection of goods.
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