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Why Biostar Pharmaceuticals Inc (NASDAQ:BSPM) May Not Be As Efficient As Its Industry

Sadie Atkinson

Biostar Pharmaceuticals Inc’s (NASDAQ:BSPM) most recent return on equity was a substandard 2.66% relative to its industry performance of 11.58% over the past year. Though BSPM’s recent performance is underwhelming, it is useful to understand what ROE is made up of and how it should be interpreted. Knowing these components can change your views on BSPM’s below-average returns. Today I will look at how components such as financial leverage can influence ROE which may impact the sustainability of BSPM’s returns. See our latest analysis for Biostar Pharmaceuticals

Breaking down ROE — the mother of all ratios

Firstly, Return on Equity, or ROE, is simply the percentage of last years’ earning against the book value of shareholders’ equity. For example, if the company invests $1 in the form of equity, it will generate $0.03 in earnings from this. In most cases, a higher ROE is preferred; however, there are many other factors we must consider prior to making any investment decisions.

Return on Equity = Net Profit ÷ Shareholders Equity

ROE is measured against cost of equity in order to determine the efficiency of Biostar Pharmaceuticals’s equity capital deployed. Its cost of equity is 8.49%. Since Biostar Pharmaceuticals’s return does not cover its cost, with a difference of -5.83%, this means its current use of equity is not efficient and not sustainable. Very simply, Biostar Pharmaceuticals pays more for its capital than what it generates in return. ROE can be broken down into three different ratios: net profit margin, asset turnover, and financial leverage. This is called the Dupont Formula:

Dupont Formula

ROE = profit margin × asset turnover × financial leverage

ROE = (annual net profit ÷ sales) × (sales ÷ assets) × (assets ÷ shareholders’ equity)

ROE = annual net profit ÷ shareholders’ equity

NasdaqCM:BSPM Last Perf Jan 29th 18

Basically, profit margin measures how much of revenue trickles down into earnings which illustrates how efficient the business is with its cost management. The other component, asset turnover, illustrates how much revenue Biostar Pharmaceuticals can make from its asset base. The most interesting ratio, and reflective of sustainability of its ROE, is financial leverage. Since financial leverage can artificially inflate ROE, we need to look at how much debt Biostar Pharmaceuticals currently has. At 6.71%, Biostar Pharmaceuticals’s debt-to-equity ratio appears low and indicates that Biostar Pharmaceuticals still has room to increase leverage and grow its profits.

NasdaqCM:BSPM Historical Debt Jan 29th 18

Next Steps:

While ROE is a relatively simple calculation, it can be broken down into different ratios, each telling a different story about the strengths and weaknesses of a company. Biostar Pharmaceuticals’s ROE is underwhelming relative to the industry average, and its returns were also not strong enough to cover its own cost of equity. Although, its appropriate level of leverage means investors can be more confident in the sustainability of Biostar Pharmaceuticals’s return with a possible increase should the company decide to increase its debt levels. Although ROE can be a useful metric, it is only a small part of diligent research.

For Biostar Pharmaceuticals, I’ve put together three pertinent aspects you should further research:


To help readers see pass the short term volatility of the financial market, we aim to bring you a long-term focused research analysis purely driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis does not factor in the latest price sensitive company announcements.

The author is an independent contributor and at the time of publication had no position in the stocks mentioned.