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Why Closed-End Dividend Yields Are Higher than Alternative Asset Managers

Robert Karr

No Impending Rate Hike Looks Bullish for Levered Closed-End Funds

(Continued from Prior Part)

Higher dividend payouts

Closed-end funds (PEX) tend to pay higher dividends, with a dividend payout ratio in the range of 70%–90%, and related companies tend to have dividend yields in the range of 9%–20%. But in particular, Prospect Capital (PSEC) saw higher yields and lower originations in the December quarter. The company generated distributable income of $99.9 million, or $0.28 per weighted average share, exceeding $0.25 per share of dividends. Prospect’s ~16% dividend yield is highly competitive among its investment management peers.

By comparison, smaller closed-end funds like Arlington Asset Management (AI) and Apollo Investment (AINV) have dividend yields of 21% and 18%, respectively. Alternative asset managers like Blackstone (BX) and Carlyle (CG) have dividend yields in the range of 4%–7%.

Ares Capital and BlackRock

Ares Capital (ARCC) paid a dividend of $0.38 per share during the third quarter of 2015, which was on par with the dividend it paid the year before. With a dividend yield of ~12% and improving portfolio yields, the company may provide better returns to its shareholders over the next few quarters.

By comparison, BlackRock Capital Investment (BKCC) has performed well and carries a dividend yield of 9.7%. The company has focused on its net investment income growth and quality investments.


Funds deploying higher leverages have seen sell-offs during the past one year. But this has been due to the expectation of further interest rate hikes by the Fed, which results in lower valuations.

Prospect Capital is currently trading at 7.0x on a one-year forward earnings basis. Overall, the industry is trading at 9.4x on a one-year-forward basis. Ares Capital is trading at 9x on a one-year-forward earnings basis. Historically, the company has traded at a premium to its peers due to its quality portfolio and strategic partnership with GE Capital. Ares Capital has improved its average yield by investing in the second lien debt of companies with strong earnings profiles.

In the next part of this series, we’ll look at the particular approaches that asset managers of closed-end funds have been taking.

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