The goal of this article is to teach you how to use price to earnings ratios (P/E ratios). We'll show how you can use Eversource Energy's (NYSE:ES) P/E ratio to inform your assessment of the investment opportunity. Eversource Energy has a P/E ratio of 31.19, based on the last twelve months. That is equivalent to an earnings yield of about 3.2%.
How Do I Calculate Eversource Energy's Price To Earnings Ratio?
The formula for P/E is:
Price to Earnings Ratio = Price per Share ÷ Earnings per Share (EPS)
Or for Eversource Energy:
P/E of 31.19 = $84.42 ÷ $2.71 (Based on the trailing twelve months to June 2019.)
Is A High Price-to-Earnings Ratio Good?
A higher P/E ratio means that buyers have to pay a higher price for each $1 the company has earned over the last year. That isn't necessarily good or bad, but a high P/E implies relatively high expectations of what a company can achieve in the future.
Does Eversource Energy Have A Relatively High Or Low P/E For Its Industry?
The P/E ratio essentially measures market expectations of a company. The image below shows that Eversource Energy has a higher P/E than the average (23.4) P/E for companies in the electric utilities industry.
That means that the market expects Eversource Energy will outperform other companies in its industry. Clearly the market expects growth, but it isn't guaranteed. So further research is always essential. I often monitor director buying and selling.
How Growth Rates Impact P/E Ratios
When earnings fall, the 'E' decreases, over time. That means unless the share price falls, the P/E will increase in a few years. So while a stock may look cheap based on past earnings, it could be expensive based on future earnings.
Eversource Energy saw earnings per share decrease by 15% last year. But over the longer term (5 years) earnings per share have increased by 2.6%.
Don't Forget: The P/E Does Not Account For Debt or Bank Deposits
Don't forget that the P/E ratio considers market capitalization. In other words, it does not consider any debt or cash that the company may have on the balance sheet. Hypothetically, a company could reduce its future P/E ratio by spending its cash (or taking on debt) to achieve higher earnings.
Such expenditure might be good or bad, in the long term, but the point here is that the balance sheet is not reflected by this ratio.
How Does Eversource Energy's Debt Impact Its P/E Ratio?
Eversource Energy's net debt is 55% of its market cap. If you want to compare its P/E ratio to other companies, you should absolutely keep in mind it has significant borrowings.
The Bottom Line On Eversource Energy's P/E Ratio
Eversource Energy has a P/E of 31.2. That's higher than the average in its market, which is 17.4. With meaningful debt and a lack of recent earnings growth, the market has high expectations that the business will earn more in the future.
When the market is wrong about a stock, it gives savvy investors an opportunity. As value investor Benjamin Graham famously said, 'In the short run, the market is a voting machine but in the long run, it is a weighing machine. So this free visual report on analyst forecasts could hold the key to an excellent investment decision.
You might be able to find a better buy than Eversource Energy. If you want a selection of possible winners, check out this free list of interesting companies that trade on a P/E below 20 (but have proven they can grow earnings).
We aim to bring you long-term focused research analysis driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis may not factor in the latest price-sensitive company announcements or qualitative material.
If you spot an error that warrants correction, please contact the editor at email@example.com. This article by Simply Wall St is general in nature. It does not constitute a recommendation to buy or sell any stock, and does not take account of your objectives, or your financial situation. Simply Wall St has no position in the stocks mentioned. Thank you for reading.