- By Holly LaFon
In the third quarter of 2018, the AMG Yacktman Fund (Trades, Portfolio) (the Fund) produced solid returns, appreciating 3.74% but lagging the S&P 500(R) Index's 7.71% rise. Year-to-date, the Fund appreciated 6.74% vs. the S&P 500, which is up 10.56%.
The intrinsic value of JNJ
The fourth quarter has begun with increased volatility and steep market declines and should serve as a reminder that valuations and risk should always matter. We feel well positioned for a more difficult market environment with the securities we hold and the excess cash we have maintained due to the lack of attractive investments that can pass our test of providing an acceptable risk-adjusted return over time. Cash, as always, will be put to work when we find individual investment opportunities, regardless of market levels.
From the movie A Few Good Men:
Colonel Jessup: You want answers?
Lieutenant Kaffee: I think I'm entitled!
Colonel Jessup: You want answers?!
Lieutenant Kaffee: I want the truth!
Colonel Jessup: You can't handle the truth!
Here's the truth as we see it
The truth is we have lived in a market where returns were largely a product of multiple expansion and momentum. These returns, while enjoyable for some, were stimulated by artificially low rates and government support through quantitative easing. And the multiple expansion often favored those who bought higher risk (high multiple) and lower quality (leveraged and or cyclical businesses), creating a potentially toxic investment outlook.
Many market participants have looked past these warning signs and favored indexing, an approach of buying ETFs or indexes, with no consideration of valuation or risk management. Many have confused the unimportant risk of underperforming an index in the short term with the critical risk of overpaying. Paying high prices typically leads to lower returns or potentially permanent capital losses, the enemy of long-term wealth creation.
An index does not take price into account when purchasing shares, but rather will pay whatever the current level is to acquire shares. While index flows have largely gone in one direction since the financial crisis, this process works in reverse when these funds need to sell. In our view, it isn't clear that active managers will have an interest in buying the shares index funds could need to sell in a stressed environment at anywhere near current prices.
Our approach focuses on risk-adjusted returns over time by selecting individual securities, not investing in the broader market. We look for investments we think can deliver results underpinned by a combination of attractive valuation, business quality, and, typically, good management. In an expensive market, we rely on our ability to find anomalies like Twenty-First Century Fox (Fox), Samsung Electronics Preferred (Samsung), and Bollore SA (Bollore). Such opportunities are rare, especially in expensive markets, so we build large positions when warranted so that these best ideas make an impact. Our value discipline can also lead to the unpopular decision to hold cash while waiting for a better risk/reward, but acceptance by others is not our goal; risk-adjusted returns over a market cycle is. In the absence of true bargains in expensive markets, cash and patience may be the only way to manage risk. This approach is best served when coupled with quick strikes when opportunities appear.
During the quarter, the technology sector produced strong returns, with little regard to business results or valuation, and our holdings in Oracle, Microsoft, and Cisco participated. We think all three of these companies are well positioned and still sell at reasonable valuations.
J&J (JNJ) stock rebounded during the quarter along with strength in the healthcare sector. There was little of note beyond this during the quarter.
P&G (PG)'s shares recovered solidly with a general rebound in the consumer staples sector. Even after the rebound, P&G and consumer staples have underperformed significantly this year due to greater competition and disruption in the sector. We recognize that the many consumer staples businesses face a more difficult future. However, we think select companies like P&G, PepsiCo, and Coca-Cola offer solid opportunities amidst the challenges. The situation is not dissimilar to our decade-long investment in Fox, which was a successful investment despite the recent headwinds faced by traditional cable content owners.
Fox (FOXA) pulled back during the quarter after a bidding war between Comcast and Disney ended in Disney's favor, disappointing some who expected or hoped for another Comcast bid. The shares remain strong performers for the year, up more than 30%. Late in the quarter, Comcast acquired Fox's 39% ownership stake in Sky, resulting in more than $15 billion in proceeds to Fox. The price was fantastic as the transaction will put Fox in a net cash position, pending the close of the Disney transaction, significantly de-risking the shares.
We think the risk/reward for Fox remains exceptional, and we expect its transaction with Disney will close in the next 6-9 months. The expected proceeds from Disney include cash of $19 per Fox share and a similar value of Disney stock. The stock portion comes with terms that offer downside protection and potential upside participation if Disney's stock appreciates before the deal closes. One of the last remaining hurdles for the deal is non-U.S. regulatory approvals, which would typically pose no challenges, but present a small risk in the current tense trade environment. Given that Fox still trades at a large discount to the deal price, and considering the value of remaining assets, we feel we are compensated well for taking this uncertainty.
Bollore (BOL.PA), a nearly 200-year-old French conglomerate, is run by Vincent Bollore, one of the premier capital allocators of the last few decades. Bollore's two main components of value are a significant port and logistics business throughout Africa and ownership of roughly 24% of Vivendi, a French media conglomerate. Vivendi's most important asset is Universal Music Group, the U.S.-based music business that controls about a third of the music catalog, which has become extremely valuable because of streaming platforms. We think the port and logistics business and the Vivendi ownership stake are each worth more than Bollore's current equity valuation.
State Street (STT) fell after announcing it would spend $2.6 billion to acquire Charles River Systems. We continue to like State Street's valuation and market position, but were disappointed with the price of the Charles River deal.
Samsung Position Increase
After trimming back our Samsung (005930.KS) weighting in 2017 and early 2018, we took advantage of recent price declines to increase our exposure during the third quarter. We believe the shares are incredibly inexpensive, and the low valuation provides exceptional risk/reward despite some short-term concerns about the semiconductor business.
In our opinion, Samsung's current valuation implies no value at all for its dynamic random-access memory (DRAM) and NAND memory (flash) businesses. Samsung's other businesses--including phone, display, consumer electronics, automotive, and foundry--plus the value of its significant excess cash and investments lead to a value for the memory business around zero despite our expectation of $40+ billion in pre-tax memory profits in 2018. We think Samsung's memory businesses are well positioned for growth over time as demand increases due to long-term tailwinds from virtual reality, autonomous driving, and big data. While the memory market has experienced vicious cycles in the past, we think the industry has changed significantly for the better, especially in DRAM where three competitors control more than 90% of production and uses for the product have diversified. DRAM sales used to be dominated by PC DRAM sales, but today, mobile and server DRAM far exceed sales to PC manufacturers.
While many were celebrating new market highs, we were reminded of another Jack Nicholson quote, from As Good as It Gets: "What if this is as good as it gets?" For nearly a decade, U.S. stocks have risen sharply with the market increasing more than four-fold from the 2009 low. In recent years, many have ignored the challenges posed by high valuations, rising rates, trade wars, and geopolitical turmoil, thinking good times would continue in the future.
If this is as good as it gets, investors need a different approach than indexing. If this is as good as it gets for the market (and to be clear, we never attempt to predict this, but rather just pose the question), we believe the focus should return to the attributes of individual security selection. We feel this may be the only path to deliver solid returns while managing risk without a tailwind from a rising market fueled by a passive "risk-blind" approach. During the decade ending December 31, 2009, a period which encompassed the 2000 market peak, the Fund increased by 208.16% due to a focus on individual security selection, while the S&P 500 Index declined by 9.10%.5
We are happy with the results we achieved for the third quarter and year-to-date. We have started the fourth quarter well, amid the market pullback, and are pleased to see increased volatility and price declines which may translate into attractive new investment opportunities. We feel that the Fund is well positioned for a more difficult environment, with a significant amount of assets in high quality businesses, significantly discounted shares, and cash. Whatever the future holds, we will continue to be patient, diligent, and objective as we manage the AMG Yacktman Fund (Trades, Portfolio).
The views expressed represent the opinions of the Yacktman Asset Management (Trades, Portfolio) LP, as of October 1, 2018, are not intended as a forecast or guarantee of future results, and are subject to change without notice.
This article first appeared on GuruFocus.
The intrinsic value of JNJ