|Bid||0.00 x 900|
|Ask||246.99 x 800|
|Day's Range||239.87 - 246.57|
|52 Week Range||160.08 - 260.63|
|Beta (3Y Monthly)||0.64|
|PE Ratio (TTM)||N/A|
|Earnings Date||Jun 3, 2019 - Jun 7, 2019|
|Forward Dividend & Yield||N/A (N/A)|
|1y Target Est||279.57|
Will Fortinet Beat Earnings Estimates in Q1 2019?(Continued from Prior Part)Portfolio of products In 2018, Fortinet’s (FTNT) sales were driven by enterprise product refresh cycles. Now the company expects robust revenue growth to continue over the
Palo Alto Networks (PANW) closed the most recent trading day at $243.10, moving +0.83% from the previous trading session.
On Wall Street, it's said the trend is your friend. And nowhere has that gospel been more a reality than in Cisco Systems (NASDAQ:CSCO). But all good things must come to an end, and now, if it looks too good to be true, you're either late to the party or staring at a short in Cisco stock. Let me explain.Source: Shutterstock From the rollout of 5G networks to network security, Cisco has its hands in some of today's and tomorrow's growth markets, to be sure. And with the former, Cisco stock is enjoying one of Wall Street's buzz words of the moment. That's the good news.The bad news for CSCO is that where there's growth, there's also growing competition from smaller and more nimble rivals such as Arista Networks (NYSE:ANET) or Palo Alto Networks (NASDAQ:PANW). The truth is, unlike Cisco's go-go days at the turn of the century, the company is far from being the dominant player in these new growth markets. But that's not all.InvestorPlace - Stock Market News, Stock Advice & Trading TipsAs InvestorPlace's Vince Martin recently noted, investors have priced in a very optimistic or aggressive outlook for Cisco shares. Off the price chart, long-term growth of around 10% and today's comparatively rich multiple are warning signs Wall Street's rose-colored glasses will come off.Bottom line, today's hot buzzword or promotional deal Wall Street style, such as Cisco stock's stake in the 5G market, has a history of sometimes turning out badly for investors. Most recently, the music stopped playing for those who stayed the course in cryptocurrencies or stocks bandied about as blockchain disruptors. * 10 Stocks to Sell Before They Give Back 2019 Gains Ironically enough, Cisco is no stranger to this phenomenon of hyped up marketing gone bad. Just look at the dot-com era, or what became known as the dot-bomb debacle in the ugly aftermath. It's a period from which CSCO stock has still not fully recovered. CSCO Stock Weekly ChartTo say the least, it has been a very friendly trend for Cisco stock bulls in 2019. From last year's corrective bottom, shares are up over 40% and have outperformed nearly every single one of its peers in the Dow Industrials. Only Apple (NASDAQ:AAPL) has turned in a stronger return from the nadir of December's broad-based low. Its shares are up 46%. But on the weekly price chart, Cisco's straight-line run to continued relative new highs since January has put shares in a much more technically tenuous position versus AAPL stock.Shares of CSCO are coming off a run of nine straight weeks hugging the upper Bollinger Band, while sporting an extremely overbought stochastics that has come along for the entire ride. Now and with Cisco stock putting together a confirmed hangman topping candlestick, shares are positioned for some backing and filling.It's recommended that investors who can't resist Wall Street's 5G siren song -- who are positive on Cisco's security prospects or maybe the company's switching gear (which admittedly has been selling well) -- still wait. At a minimum, if you're looking to play momentum in CSCO, a shorter technical pause of two to three weeks before entering a long position makes sense given the severity of the price run.And if you're less hot on Cisco stock's future prospects and see the rally built more on hype and hope than solid ground, shorting today's topping pattern is definitely approachable. However, keeping a stop tethered to last week's high, or better yet using a protective options position with earnings scheduled next week, is also 100% advisable.Investment accounts under Christopher Tyler's management do not currently own positions in any securities mentioned in this article. The information offered is based upon Christopher Tyler's observations and strictly intended for educational purposes only; the use of which is the responsibility of the individual. For additional options-based strategies, related musings or to ask a question, you can find and follow Chris on Twitter @Options_CAT and StockTwits. More From InvestorPlace * 2 Toxic Pot Stocks You Should Avoid * 10 Oversold Stocks to Run From * 7 Red-Hot E-Commerce Stocks to Consider * 4 Stocks Surging on Earnings Surprises Compare Brokers The post Another Dot-Bomb in Cisco Stock? appeared first on InvestorPlace.
The stock market's uptrend remains in strong shape through middle of March, even as the distribution day count is high. More top stocks have made nice progress since early January.
Harvest Capital Strategies is a San Francisco-based hedge fund that mainly focuses on private equity and venture capital, middle-market lending and on equity hedge funds. It was founded back in 1999, and it operates as a subsidiary of JMP Group Inc. Joseph Jolson, the fund’s CEO, co-founded JMP Group and is its CEO and the […]
Will FireEye Beat Wall Street Estimates for Q1 2019?(Continued from Prior Part)Stock returns FireEye (FEYE) shares have burnt significant investor wealth. The stock has been listed since September 2013. FireEye’s share price rose from $36 in
Cybersecurity stocks remain red hot as software stays atop the 33 sectors tracked by IBD. Meantime, a fund that focuses on these software stocks sits near a potential buy zone. IBD's software sector leads with a more than 25% gain this year. Drilling down further, security software has moved up to No. 11 among IBD's 197 industry groups, up from...
Will Proofpoint Continue to Beat Earnings Estimates in Q1?(Continued from Prior Part)Stock returnsProofpoint (PFPT) stock has generated impressive returns over the last few years. The stock rose 15% in 2016 and 22% in 2017. Last year, PFPT fell
Will Proofpoint Continue to Beat Earnings Estimates in Q1?(Continued from Prior Part)Sales expected to rise 22% in 2019The global cybersecurity market has been growing at an impressive rate over the last few years. The increasing number of
Will Proofpoint Continue to Beat Earnings Estimates in Q1?Revenue expected to rise 22.70%High-growth cybersecurity (HACK) company Proofpoint (PFPT) is scheduled to announce its first-quarter earnings results on April 25. Analysts expect the company
So far 2019 has been spectacular for Cisco Systems (NASDAQ:CSCO). Cisco stock has risen 30% this year. That's the best performance in the Dow Jones Industrial Average, narrowly ahead of Apple (NASDAQ:AAPL). Among the 27 stocks with a market capitalization over $200 billion, only Facebook (NASDAQ:FB) has outpaced CSCO stock YTD.Source: Shutterstock The optimism makes some sense. Cisco's legacy networking business long has struggled with growth, but the company is shifting into areas of better growth. It's becoming more of a security play, giving it exposure to that hot sector. Growing recurring revenue from increasing software sales add to the case, and 5G offers yet another catalyst for Cisco stock.Again, the optimism here makes some sense. Indeed, I laid out the potential bull case for CSCO ahead of its fiscal first quarter report. But with Cisco stock up 25%+ since then, the concern is that even that bull case now is priced in.InvestorPlace - Stock Market News, Stock Advice & Trading Tips * 5 Dividend Stocks Perfect for Retirees The Cisco Stock RallyFrom a broad standpoint, there are four key drivers of the big gains in Cisco stock. First, the company's Catalyst 9000 switches have launched well, driving double-digit revenue increases. For a company that has struggled to increase sales (fiscal 2018 revenue was basically equal to FY16 levels) the new product is welcome, to say the least.Second, Cisco is adding more software to its legacy hardware products, including the Catalyst switches. That shift improves margins and adds the recurring revenue tech investors seek these days. It also allows Cisco to continue to monetize its hardware after installation, instead of receiving just a one-time sale.Third, the company continues to move into security. Like more focused players like Palo Alto Networks (NYSE:PANW), here, too, Cisco has built out its software offering instead of focusing on just hardware. Cisco has integrated its SD-WAN products with cloud-based software, which drove double-digit growth in the second quarter.Finally, 5G is on the way, and that represents a real profit driver going forward. The adoption of that technology should help revenue, but Cisco already is investing in its development at the moment, meaning incremental costs should be lower.Obviously, there are other factors at play; this is a company that generates revenue of roughly $50 billion a year. These areas are where Cisco has an edge and an opportunity to accelerate revenue growth. Smaller rival Juniper Networks (NYSE:JNPR) hasn't had the same success, and while CSCO stock has soared, JNPR has been flat for basically four years now. Cisco's moves explain much of the outperformance of its stock. The Concerns with CSCO StockIn sum, the moves make Cisco sound a bit like Microsoft (NASDAQ:MSFT) earlier this decade. Microsoft had similar growth questions, and relied on a legacy market (personal computers) that seemed to have little room for growth.Then new businesses like its Azure cloud platform, a go-to-market change for Office and Windows, and smaller efforts in gaming and hardware have dramatically changed the story. MSFT has more than quadrupled since 2013, thanks to earnings growth and multiple expansion.That said, there are two concerns here. The first is whether the Microsoft model actually is in play here. While there are growth opportunities going forward (perhaps most notably in 5G) the legacy business still is flat, if not shrinking. Security was just 6% of revenue in fiscal 2018, according to figures from the 10-K. Cisco itself is guiding for just 4-6% revenue growth in the third quarter.Growth might be improving, but it's not exactly torrid and certainly not yet. Meanwhile, Cisco stock's big rise has notably changed its valuation. As recently as last year, CSCO was pricing in basically zero growth.Now, Cisco stock trades at over 18x FY19 consensus EPS. Even with the Street projecting 10% growth in FY20, that's not a hugely attractive multiple. It suggests, at the least, that Cisco's recent success will continue for years to come. And it's worth noting that Cisco stock now has outrun the average analyst target.To be sure, that doesn't mean CSCO's run is definitely over or that the stock is a sell. Strong Q3 earnings, likely due next month, can lead those estimates and price targets up. The advent of 5G probably starts contributing next year, and its growth won't end any time soon.Still, the upside looks thinner, and Cisco really can't stumble back at a high-teen P/E multiple. Investors sticking with CSCO at this price had better be sure the transformation will continue.As of this writing, Vince Martin has no positions in any securities mentioned. More From InvestorPlace * 2 Toxic Pot Stocks You Should Avoid * 5 Dividend Stocks Perfect for Retirees * 7 Reasons the Stock Market Rally Isn't Over Yet * 10 S&P 500 Stocks to Weather the Earnings Storm Compare Brokers The post After an Impressive Run, Cisco Stock Is Starting to Cool Off appeared first on InvestorPlace.
In the latest trading session, Palo Alto Networks (PANW) closed at $235.48, marking a -1.65% move from the previous day.
Should you really "sell in May and go away"? While the old adage may prove true some years, when investing in stocks, follow rules, not calendars.
Check Point Software Technologies reported slim earnings and revenue growth that narrowly topped views for the first quarter. Shares of the firewall software maker fell in early trading.
If you look closely, there are signs of progress at FireEye (NASDAQ:FEYE). The cybersecurity company has been a disappointment, admittedly: FireEye stock once traded above $90, and now changes hands at $16. But FireEye generally has performed well in the past couple of years, and there's reason to see further improvements ahead.Source: David via Flickr (Modified)Growth in billings (which back out deferred revenue changes) shows demand is increasing, particularly as the company shifts from appliances to software. Operating margins are exceedingly thin, just 3% on an adjusted basis in 2018, which means earnings can jump sharply with even modest expansion.An ~80x multiple to the midpoint of 2019 EPS guidance makes it seem like FEYE stock is pricing in massive growth, but that's not quite the case. Margins can easily double or triple, which alone can move earnings substantially higher in coming years.InvestorPlace - Stock Market News, Stock Advice & Trading TipsBut even with that case, and even with FireEye stock basically flat YTD, it's difficult to get too excited. Margin expansion looks priced in. So does decent billings growth. That's particularly true when considering stock-based compensation and the fact that investors shouldn't be willing to trust FireEye just yet. * 10 S&P 500 Stocks to Weather the Earnings Storm The Case for FireEye StockOn its face, FireEye stock looks ridiculously expensive. Multiples of 4x+ EV/revenue and ~80x earnings hardly seem fitting for a company that at the midpoint of guidance expects billings to grow 7%+ in 2019 - and revenue just 6.5%.Indeed, that guidance was disappointing, and it was the key reason why FEYE fell 12% after Q4 earnings back in February. But even with modest top-line growth, there's still a case that FireEye stock can grow into its valuation. Operating margins last year, as noted, were just 3%.That was a 300 bps improvement over the ~flat figure posted the year before. Full-year guidance projects margins this year of 5-6% - continuing the positive trend.Combine a move to 9-10% margins along with revenue growth and FireEye earnings double in relatively short order. Indeed, FEYE stock jumped last month when JPMorgan Chase (NYSE:JPM) analysts upgraded the stock for similar reasons. The firm saw revenue growth accelerating thanks to product improvements - which should leverage operating expenses and continue margin expansion.JPMorgan also pointed out that the shift to software impacts reported revenue and earnings, since upfront sales are recognized over the course of the contract. The firm said billings and cash flow were better metrics. Indeed, FireEye's free cash flow guidance for 2019 suggests generation of $50-$60 million. That's a more reasonable 58x P/FCF multiple at the midpoint.Double that thanks to margin expansion, and continue high-single-digit billings growth into the future, and FEYE can grow into, and beyond the current valuation. The firm gave FireEye stock a price target of $20, which is line with the average Street target at the moment, and suggests over 20% upside. The Case Against FireEye StockThere are reasons for caution, however. For one, it's not guaranteed that margins are going to expand continuously or at least at the same rate as seen in 2018 and 2019. Management did say on the Q4 conference call that it expected headcount to stay relatively flat this year.That's not necessarily going to be the case going forward. FireEye isn't guaranteed to get two or three points of operating leverage each year. If it doesn't, earnings growth might not be good enough. To drive upside, FireEye has to at least get EPS moving toward the $1 level. It's guided to just $0.17-$0.21 this year. Something like 200-300% growth is easily priced in already, and if margin expansion slows, that type of growth is going to take several years.The second issue is that cybersecurity is a tough space with no shortage of options. Indeed I called out 5 cybersecurity stocks for investors of varying styles earlier this month. Palo Alto Networks (NYSE:PANW) is the clear industry leader. ProofPoint (NASDAQ:PFPT) is the hot young growth stock. Carbonite (NASDAQ:CARB) offers a turnaround story of its own.There are plenty of reasons to like the sector but the plethora of options suggests investors can find an easier, better-priced bull case than the one offered by FEYE.Finally - as is so often the case in tech - there's the issue of stock-based compensation. FireEye is targeting operating margins of 5-6% next year, and $50-$60 million in free cash flow. Stock-based compensation last year was $153 million, over 18% of revenue.Even if that figure falls in 2019, it significantly colors non-GAAP results (from which the compensation is excluded). Is FireEye really generating mid-single-digit margins? Is it really generating $50M+ in free cash flow? Or is just accomplishing those feats by diluting shareholders? Good, but Not GreatThe underlying story when it comes to FireEye makes some sense, admittedly. Margins should get better. Billings growth should continue - and may even accelerate.But even with FEYE lagging the market so far this year, the valuation really isn't compelling. There's still a lot of work left to do in terms of building margins and a long time for investors to wait. Competition is going to be intense, and it's tough, as yet, to call out FireEye as a clear leader. Given all that, in a hot sector, it seems like there are better choices out there.As of this writing, Vince Martin has no positions in any securities mentioned. More From InvestorPlace * 2 Toxic Pot Stocks You Should Avoid * 7 Stocks to Buy for Spring Season Growth * This Is How You Beat Back a Bear Market * 7 Dental Stocks to Buy That Will Make You Smile Compare Brokers The post The Case for FireEye Stock Isn't Strong Enough to Make It a Buy appeared first on InvestorPlace.
How Are Cybersecurity Stocks Trading Compared to Valuations?(Continued from Prior Part)Stock returns Cybersecurity (HACK) stock FireEye (FEYE) has taken investors on a volatile ride over the last few years. The stock generated returns of -16% in the
The birth of exchange-traded funds over the past several years has led to the birth of thematic stock investing, and that's a good thing. Specifically, ETFs -- through diversification -- allow investors to invest in themes, not stocks. This reduces the risks inherent in picking a single winner in an industry, while still giving investors exposure to the upside throughout the entire industry.In other words, thematic investing through ETFs is a great way to simultaneously reduce risk and maintain solid upside exposure.The key with ETFs, of course, is to pick the right ones. As opposed to picking the right stock, investors have to pick the right theme. This is easier to do than picking the right stock and the right theme. But, it still requires ample due diligence.InvestorPlace - Stock Market News, Stock Advice & Trading Tips * 10 Best Stocks to Buy and Hold Forever With that in mind, let's take a look six big growth ETFs investors should consider if they are looking to invest in tomorrow's most important themes. First Trust Nasdaq Cybersecurity ETF (CIBR)The Big Idea: The value of cybersecurity will only dramatically rise in an increasingly digitally connected world.Key Holdings: Cisco (NASDAQ:CSCO), Fortinet (NASDAQ:FTNT), Palo Alto Networks (NYSE:PANW), Splunk (NASDAQ:SPLK) and Okta (NASDAQ:OKTA)Thanks to the widespread proliferation of the internet and rise of things like AI, IoT and the cloud, the consumer and enterprise worlds are becoming more digitally connected than ever before. Ostensibly, this is a good thing. But, we've been reminded recently of the downfalls of this unprecedented connection through various hacks and data security breaches. Broadly speaking, everyone and every company's data is running around on the internet, and that presents huge risks for both the individual and the enterprise.Cybersecurity solutions protect against these risks. Over time, as the world becomes more digitally connected, these risks will only grow. As they do, the value of protecting against these risks will grow, too. Consequently, the outlook for the whole cybersecurity space to rise dramatically in value over the next several years is favorable. That's why the First Trust Nasdaq Cybersecurity ETF (NASDAQ:CIBR) looks like a solid long-term holding. First Trust Cloud Computing ETF (SKY)The Big Idea: Everything is going to cloud, and as it does, the companies that provide cloud-based services will grow tremendously.Key Holdings: VMWare (NYSE:VMW), Salesforce (NASDAQ:CRM), Netflix (NASDAQ:NFLX), Amazon (NASDAQ:AMZN) and Microsoft (NASDAQ:MSFT)Technology used to be delivered and stored on-premise. That is, you used to buy software at a store, bring it home or to the office, download it and use it on-site, with all the operations, data and workflow hosted on-site. Over the past several years, this process has changed thanks to the cloud. Now, there's no need to go to a store and buy anything. Services are delivered directly through and stored in the cloud, and this removes frictions related to on-premise delivery and storage. * 10 S&P 500 Stocks to Weather the Earnings Storm This revolution is well underway. That's why the First Trust Cloud Computing ETF (NASDAQ:SKYY), which focuses on companies that deliver cloud-based services, is up more than 100% over the past three years. But, only 20% of enterprise workloads have migrated to the cloud. At scale, that number will be closer to 100%. Thus, we are only one-fifth of the way through the cloud growth narrative, and that means SKYY still has lots of runway left to head even higher in the long run. iShares Expanded Tech-Software Sector ETF (IGV)The Big Idea: Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) stocks are winning investments, and this ETF gives you broad exposure to the world's best SaaS stocks.Key Holdings: Microsoft, Salesforce, Adobe (NASDAQ:ADBE), ServiceNow (NYSE:NOW) and Autodesk (NASDAQ:ADSK)SaaS stocks are winning stocks. Broadly speaking, these are high-growth companies with robust exposure to the cloud and software revolutions. They're also high-margin companies since costs associated with delivering cloud-hosted solutions at scale are relatively small. Further, they are often supported by steady and predictable revenue streams, which gives investors confidence regarding go-forward operational stability. Because of these winning attributes, the iShares Expanded Tech-Software Sector ETF (NYSE:IGV) is up 115% over the past three years.This big rally will continue. As stated earlier, only 20% of workloads have migrated to the cloud, so revenue growth potential remains huge. Plus, margins have lots of room to expand as the industry matures, and revenue predictability will likewise improve with scale. Overall, then, the three big tailwinds which have produced huge gains in IGV will persist for the foreseeable future, and that means that this big rally is far from over. Global Robotics and Automation Index ETF (ROBO)The Big Idea: The robots are coming, and companies that provide automation technology and services will profit tremendously in the long run.Key Holdings: Nvidia (NASDAQ:NVDA), Zebra (NASDAQ:ZBRA), Intuitive Surgical (NASDAQ:ISRG), Rockwell Automation (NYSE:ROK) and iRobot (NASDAQ:IRBT)One of the biggest trends over the next several years will be automation. Specifically, automated technologies will continue to get better and better, until they are good enough to largely replace human labor in many parts of the workforce. That's not great news for the labor market. But, it is great news for the companies that are leading this automation revolution, like Intuitive Surgical -- the company that is putting robots in the surgery room -- and iRobot -- the company that is putting robots in your house to clean your floors. * 7 Stocks to Buy for Spring Season Growth All of these leading automation companies are packaged into the Global Robotics and Automation Index ETF (NYSE:ROBO). As such, as the automation trends gain mainstream traction over the next decade, the ROBO ETF will explode higher alongside all the important automation stocks. Amplify Online Retail ETF (IBUY)The Big Idea: E-commerce is still in the early stages of a multi-year secular growth narrative, and e-commerce companies will continue to grow at a rapid rate for the foreseeable future.Key Holdings: Amazon, Wayfair (NYSE:W), Chegg (NYSE:CHGG), Etsy (NASDAQ:ETSY) and PayPal (NASDAQ:PYPL)One of the biggest growth narratives over the past several years has been the rapid rise in e-commerce. Companies like Amazon, Wayfair and Etsy have pioneered of new of era shopping from the comfort of your own home, and in so doing, have stolen tremendous market share from traditional retailers. Consequently, all those stocks have soared, as has the Amplify Online Retail ETF (NASDAQ:IBUY).These gains will continue. At the present moment, e-commerce sales represent just over 10% of total retail sales in the U.S. That's still a relatively small piece of the pie. Further, the whole industry continues to grow at a healthy double-digit rate. Thus, it increasingly appears as though we are still in the early stage of e-commerce's long-term growth narrative. As that narrative plays out over the next several years, the IBUY ETF will continue to rise. ETFMG Prime Mobile Payments ETF (IPAY)The Big Idea: Digital payments, and specifically mobile payments, are gaining massive traction, and the companies behind these payments project as big growers.Core Holdings: PayPal, Mastercard (NYSE:MA), Visa (NYSE:V), Square (NYSE:SQ) and American Express (NYSE:AXP)As digital shopping has grown, so has the digital payments world. When you shop online, you can't pay for an item with cash. You have to use a card or a digital payment account. Thus, cash has become less prevalent throughout the economy over the past several years, while digital payments have become more prevalent. This has led to huge gains in digital payment stocks like Master, Visa and Square, as well as in the Prime Mobile Payments ETF (NASDAQ:IPAY). * 7 Dental Stocks to Buy That Will Make You Smile As stated earlier, e-commerce sales only represent 10% of total retail sales, so that growth narrative is far from over. Consequently, the parallel digital payments growth narrative is likewise far from over. Specifically, within the digital payments world, we are going to see a huge rise in mobile commerce over the next several years as mobile-first apps like Instagram dive deeper into shopping. All of this implies big growth ahead for digital payments stocks and the IPAY ETF.As of this writing, Luke Lango was long PANW, CIBR, CRM, NFLX, AMZN, ADBE, NOW, ROBO, CHGG, PYPL and SQ. More From InvestorPlace * 2 Toxic Pot Stocks You Should Avoid * 7 Stocks to Buy for Spring Season Growth * This Is How You Beat Back a Bear Market * 7 Dental Stocks to Buy That Will Make You Smile Compare Brokers The post 6 Big Growth ETFs for Long-Term Investors appeared first on InvestorPlace.
How Are Cybersecurity Stocks Trading Compared to Valuations?Stock returns Cybersecurity stocks have generated impressive returns over the last few years. The Prime Cyber Security ETF (HACK) has gained 21% this year and 77% in the last three years.
Stock indexes rebounded Monday after selling off early on disappointing earnings for Wall Street bank heavyweights Goldman Sachs and Citigroup.
SANTA CLARA, Calif., April 15, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- Palo Alto Networks (PANW), the global cybersecurity leader, today announced the appointment of Lorraine Twohill, chief marketing officer at Google LLC (formerly Google Inc.), and the Right Honorable Sir John Key, former member of Parliament and prime minister of New Zealand, to the company's board of directors. "As we continue to advance our cybersecurity leadership and help organizations navigate their cloud transformation, I am pleased to welcome both Lorraine and Sir John to our board of directors," said Nikesh Arora, chairman and CEO of Palo Alto Networks.
Stock futures: The major averages are nearing record highs with top stocks setting up as stock market plotlines converge.
The VPN apps built by four vendors — Cisco, Palo Alto Networks, Pulse Secureand F5 Networks — improperly store authentication tokens and session cookieson a user's computer