Is Bel Fuse Inc. (NASDAQ:BELF.A) Worth US$34.0 Based On Its Intrinsic Value?
The projected fair value for Bel Fuse is US$25.43 based on 2 Stage Free Cash Flow to Equity
Bel Fuse is estimated to be 34% overvalued based on current share price of US$34.00
Industry average of 27% suggests Bel Fuse's peers are currently trading at a lower premium to fair value
Today we will run through one way of estimating the intrinsic value of Bel Fuse Inc. (NASDAQ:BELF.A) by taking the expected future cash flows and discounting them to today's value. We will use the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model on this occasion. There's really not all that much to it, even though it might appear quite complex.
We generally believe that a company's value is the present value of all of the cash it will generate in the future. However, a DCF is just one valuation metric among many, and it is not without flaws. If you want to learn more about discounted cash flow, the rationale behind this calculation can be read in detail in the Simply Wall St analysis model.
See our latest analysis for Bel Fuse
We use what is known as a 2-stage model, which simply means we have two different periods of growth rates for the company's cash flows. Generally the first stage is higher growth, and the second stage is a lower growth phase. In the first stage we need to estimate the cash flows to the business over the next ten years. Seeing as no analyst estimates of free cash flow are available to us, we have extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the company's last reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.
A DCF is all about the idea that a dollar in the future is less valuable than a dollar today, and so the sum of these future cash flows is then discounted to today's value:
10-year free cash flow (FCF) forecast
Levered FCF ($, Millions)
Growth Rate Estimate Source
Est @ 4.08%
Est @ 3.48%
Est @ 3.05%
Est @ 2.76%
Est @ 2.55%
Est @ 2.41%
Est @ 2.31%
Est @ 2.24%
Est @ 2.19%
Est @ 2.15%
Present Value ($, Millions) Discounted @ 9.4%
("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = US$161m
We now need to calculate the Terminal Value, which accounts for all the future cash flows after this ten year period. The Gordon Growth formula is used to calculate Terminal Value at a future annual growth rate equal to the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield of 2.1%. We discount the terminal cash flows to today's value at a cost of equity of 9.4%.
Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2032 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = US$29m× (1 + 2.1%) ÷ (9.4%– 2.1%) = US$402m
Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= US$402m÷ ( 1 + 9.4%)10= US$164m
The total value, or equity value, is then the sum of the present value of the future cash flows, which in this case is US$325m. To get the intrinsic value per share, we divide this by the total number of shares outstanding. Compared to the current share price of US$34.0, the company appears potentially overvalued at the time of writing. Remember though, that this is just an approximate valuation, and like any complex formula - garbage in, garbage out.
We would point out that the most important inputs to a discounted cash flow are the discount rate and of course the actual cash flows. Part of investing is coming up with your own evaluation of a company's future performance, so try the calculation yourself and check your own assumptions. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at Bel Fuse as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 9.4%, which is based on a levered beta of 1.228. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.
SWOT Analysis for Bel Fuse
Earnings growth over the past year exceeded the industry.
Debt is not viewed as a risk.
Dividend is low compared to the top 25% of dividend payers in the Electronic market.
Shareholders have been diluted in the past year.
Good value based on P/E ratio compared to estimated Fair P/E ratio.
Significant insider buying over the past 3 months.
No apparent threats visible for BELF.A.
Although the valuation of a company is important, it is only one of many factors that you need to assess for a company. It's not possible to obtain a foolproof valuation with a DCF model. Rather it should be seen as a guide to "what assumptions need to be true for this stock to be under/overvalued?" For instance, if the terminal value growth rate is adjusted slightly, it can dramatically alter the overall result. What is the reason for the share price exceeding the intrinsic value? For Bel Fuse, we've compiled three pertinent aspects you should explore:
Risks: Be aware that Bel Fuse is showing 2 warning signs in our investment analysis , and 1 of those doesn't sit too well with us...
Management:Have insiders been ramping up their shares to take advantage of the market's sentiment for BELF.A's future outlook? Check out our management and board analysis with insights on CEO compensation and governance factors.
Other Solid Businesses: Low debt, high returns on equity and good past performance are fundamental to a strong business. Why not explore our interactive list of stocks with solid business fundamentals to see if there are other companies you may not have considered!
PS. Simply Wall St updates its DCF calculation for every American stock every day, so if you want to find the intrinsic value of any other stock just search here.
Have feedback on this article? Concerned about the content? Get in touch with us directly. Alternatively, email editorial-team (at) simplywallst.com.
This article by Simply Wall St is general in nature. We provide commentary based on historical data and analyst forecasts only using an unbiased methodology and our articles are not intended to be financial advice. It does not constitute a recommendation to buy or sell any stock, and does not take account of your objectives, or your financial situation. We aim to bring you long-term focused analysis driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis may not factor in the latest price-sensitive company announcements or qualitative material. Simply Wall St has no position in any stocks mentioned.
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