This article was originally published on ETFTrends.com.
U.S. President Donald Trump's tweet on high oil prices took aim at the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and sent crude down as much as 3 percent on Monday. U.S. West Texas Intermediate crude prices were at $57.26 a barrel while Brent crude settled at $67.12 a barrel as of 3:00 p.m. ET.
Oil prices getting too high. OPEC, please relax and take it easy. World cannot take a price hike - fragile!
— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) February 25, 2019
The drop in prices comes as large oil firms like Exxon, Chevron and Shell posted their biggest profits in 2018 despite global oil prices falling as much as 38 percent.
According to FactSet data, global crude oil averaged about $71 a barrel in 2018--just over 30 percent lower than in 2014, but the five biggest oil companies--Exxon, Chevron, Shell, BP PLC and France’s Total SA combined--are on track to post $84 billion, which is 13 percent higher versus four years ago when oil sold came in at $100 a barrel.
According to global investment firm Goldman Sachs, more bullishness could be ahead for oil prices in the near-term before an eventual ceiling spurred by a "New Oil Order" puts a cap on price spikes.
"While prices could easily trade in a $70-$75/bbl trading range, we believe such an environment would likely prove ﬂeeting," according to Goldman's global head of commodities research Jeffrey Currie and senior commodity strategist Damien Courvalin. "As a result, we would view near-term strength as a window of opportunity for producers to sell forward prices to create earnings security before the return of the New Oil Order later this year."
Oil dropped as much as 40 percent during the fourth quarter of 2018, but Saudi Arabia pared back its production near the end of the year. Additionally, supply disruptions came about after the Trump administration blocked oil shipments to and from Venezuela as the country faces tenuous political stability.
Oil rose 18 percent this month, which marks its best January performance to date. The surge comes despite weak economic data flowing from China, the world's second largest consumer when it comes to oil.
"When you read into the implication of [Trump's tweet], it's twofold. First you have to believe the Saudis are going to take note. They have in the past," said John Kilduff, founding partner at energy hedge fund Again Capital. "And then you have to believe that another round of waivers on the Iran sanctions has to be on the table, and I think that's the secondary implication from that tweet."
In December, lengthy Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) discussions finally came to a conclusion, resulting in a larger-than-expected production cut. OPEC and associated partners agreed to cut 1.2 million barrels per day with OPEC being responsible for 800,000 barrels.
The latest production cut came as a surprise to many oil analysts as initial estimates were slated at 1 million barrels per day and 650,000 barrels per day for OPEC. Russia, though a non-OPEC member, has emerged as a major player in the negotiations, particularly when discussions got tense between rivals Saudi Arabia and Iran.
Oil producers will utilize output levels from October as the baseline level for cuts while the final deal will be reviewed in April. Final numbers are still under discussion, but according to a delegate familiar with the deal, Russia proposed a 2 percent reduction using that October output level as the baseline metric--the cut would then be equivalent to 228,000 barrels per day, which exceeds the initial cuts of 150,000 barrels per day.
Since 2016, OPEC's negotiation landscape has changed dramatically with Russia and Saudi Arabia putting aside their differences and now, together, exerting their influence over production discussions.
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